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  • [ MUSIC ]

  • >> HELLO AND WELCOME TO TALKING POINTS.

  • I'M DAVE KELLY, DIRECTOR OF ADVANCED MEDIA PRODUCTION

  • AT CAL STATE LONG BEACH.

  • TODAY WE'RE GOING TO EXPLORE THE WORLD OF FUTURE TECHNOLOGY:

  • FLYING CARS; ROBOTS THAT CARE OF ALL OF OUR DRUDGERY WORK;

  • AND BIOMEDICAL SOLUTIONS THAT ENABLE US

  • TO LIVE TO 150 YEARS OF AGE.

  • I HOPE WE HAVE YOUR ATTENTION.

  • MY GUEST TODAY IS DR. DAVID STOUT.

  • DR. STOUT IS AN ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF MECHANICAL

  • AND AEROSPACE ENGINEERING.

  • WELCOME, DAVID, AND THANK YOU

  • FOR JOINING US ON TALKING POINTS.

  • >> THANK YOU VERY MUCH, DAVID, FOR LETTING ME COME HERE

  • AND TO TALK ABOUT THE FUTURE INNOVATIONS OF TOMORROW.

  • >> WELL, I CAN'T WAIT TO GET STARTED.

  • I SHOULD NOTE FOR BENEFIT OF THE AUDIENCE

  • THAT THIS IS YOUR SECOND APPEARANCE ON TALKING POINTS.

  • IN THE FIRST APPEARANCE WE TALKED EXCLUSIVELY

  • ABOUT BIOMEDICAL ADVANCES.

  • BUT TODAY WE'RE GOING TO START

  • WITH THAT THEN WE'RE GOING TRANSITION TO AUTOMATION

  • AND ROBOTICS, AND THEN MOVE ON TO TRAVEL,

  • AND FINISH UP WITH COMMUNICATIONS

  • AND ENTERTAINMENT.

  • BUT LET'S GO AHEAD AND PICK UP THE THREAD

  • ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING.

  • FROM WHAT I UNDERSTAND, THE FUTURE IS BRIGHT FOR THOSE

  • WHO ARE CURRENTLY HAVING TO UNDERGO CHEMOTHERAPY,

  • AND RADIATION, AND SO FORTH FOR CANCER TREATMENTS.

  • IN THE FUTURE THERE WILL BE A PILL

  • WITH A NANOPARTICLE INVOLVED.

  • THAT NANOPARTICLE WILL BE ABLE TO TRAVEL THROUGH THE BODY

  • AND SEARCH AND DESTROY CANCER CELLS OR PRECANCEROUS CELLS.

  • AND, AGAIN, IT WILL HELP FOLKS TO AVOID THE TOXICITY

  • OF CHEMOTHERAPY AND ALL THE RIGORS OF RADIATION.

  • HOW SOON WILL IT BE WHEN THAT BECOMES A COMMON OCCURRENCE

  • IN TERMS OF CANCER TREATMENT AND HOW DOES

  • THAT TECHNOLOGY ACTUALLY WORK?

  • >> THAT'S A GREAT QUESTION.

  • AND DEFINITELY I AGREE WITH YOU, DAVID,

  • THAT IT IS DEFINITELY A HUGE FUTURE.

  • AND A VERY, VERY BRIGHT FUTURE AS WELL.

  • FOR EXAMPLE, YOU ASKED THE QUESTION

  • ABOUT WHEN IS THIS GOING TO HAPPEN.

  • WELL, IT'S ACTUALLY HAPPENING TODAY.

  • THERE ARE A LOT OF CLINICAL TRIALS THAT THE FDA, THE NIH,

  • HAS ACTUALLY BEEN PROPOSED AND AGREED UPON

  • WHERE YOU TAKE THIS PILL AND YOU HAVE THESE LITTLE,

  • WHAT WE CALL "NANOBOTS," THAT GO AND THEY SEARCH AND DESTROY.

  • AND THE TECHNOLOGY BEHIND IT ACTUALLY IS VERY SIMPLE.

  • YOU HAVE A PARTICULAR MOLECULE THAT YOU HAVE A PARTICULAR,

  • WHAT WE CONSIDER LIKE A HONING SIGNAL, AND--

  • AND WHAT THAT HAPPENS IS IT FINDS A PARTICULAR BIOMARKER,

  • OR A SPECIFIC LOCATION THAT A CANCER CELL MIGHT HAVE,

  • AND IT FINDS IT, IT SEARCHES FOR IT, AND THEN IT DESTROYS.

  • AND THEN WHEN IT DESTROYS IT, IT KEEPS ALL

  • OF THE OTHER HEALTHY CELLS AROUND IT QUITE HEALTHY

  • AND IT DOESN'T KILL IT.

  • SO THE TOXICITY OF CHEMOTHERAPY

  • AND RADIATION THERAPY WILL DEFINITELY BE IN THE PAST,

  • I WOULD SAY, HOPEFULLY, IN THE NEXT TEN TO 15 YEARS.

  • >> WELL, THAT'S GREAT.

  • AND THAT'S REALLY WELCOME NEWS AFTER THESE MANY YEARS

  • OF CHEMOTHERAPY AND RADIATION TREATMENTS THAT ARE EFFECTIVE

  • IN MANY WAYS, BUT ARE ALSO QUITE TOXIC, AS WE'VE JUST DISCUSSED.

  • WELL, LET'S TALK ABOUT ANOTHER BIOMEDICAL KIND

  • OF ADVANCEMENT THAT'S JUST COMING ALONG NOW,

  • AND THAT'S THE, I GUESS, IMPLANT OF ELECTRODES INTO THE BRAIN

  • TO HELP RESTORE SHORT-TERM MEMORY FOR PEOPLE

  • THAT HAVE EXPERIENCED BRAIN DAMAGE OR HAVE HAD ALZHEIMER'S.

  • HOW DOES THAT WORK?

  • >> AGAIN, THIS IS A HUGE BREAKTHROUGH.

  • AND THIS HAS JUST OCCURRED JUST IN THE PAST FEW YEARS.

  • IT WAS ACTUALLY A GROUP THAT'S ACTUALLY HERE

  • IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA THAT'S LEADING THIS INNOVATION.

  • AND THE WAY IT REALLY WORKS IS THEY USE COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY,

  • AS WELL AS ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY.

  • AND THEY KIND OF SYNERGIZE IN PUTTING TOGETHER.

  • WHEREAS A COMPUTER SCIENTIST OR A COMPUTER PROGRAMMER,

  • THEY TRY TO FIND SPECIFIC ALGORITHMS OR KIND OF SONGS

  • OR PATTERNS THAT HOW THE BRAIN WORKS

  • AND WHERE MEMORY COMES INTO PLAY.

  • AND THEN ELECTRICAL ENGINEER CREATES AN ELECTRODE

  • OR ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT TO READ THESE PARTICULAR SIGNS

  • AND THESE PARTICULAR WAVES IN THE BRAIN.

  • AND THEN THE COMPUTER PROGRAMMER SAYS, "OKAY,

  • LET'S CREATE A COMPUTER-BASED SYSTEM

  • THAT LEARNS THESE PARTICULAR PATTERNS IN THE BRAIN."

  • AND SO IF SOMEONE LOSES THAT MEMORY WE HAVE THE ABILITY

  • TO KIND OF IMPLANT THIS CHIP IN THE BRAIN AND THAT IMPLANT,

  • THE CHIP IN THE BRAIN,

  • WILL LEARN THAT PARTICULAR PATTERN IN THE BRAIN.

  • AND THEN IT IF LOSES THAT MEMORY IT WILL BE ABLE TO REGENERATE

  • THAT PARTICULAR PATTERN.

  • AND THAT'S REALLY HOW THE MIND REALLY WORKS IS LOOKING

  • AT THESE SIGNALING PATTERNS.

  • AND SO WE ARE JUST COMING OF AGE OF LEARNING

  • OF THESE NEW SIGNALING PATTERNS.

  • >> AND SO WHEN YOU TALK ABOUT THE SIGNALING PATTERNS,

  • FROM WHAT I UNDERSTAND -- AND CORRECT ME IF I'M WRONG --

  • BUT FROM WHAT I UNDERSTAND, IT'S A SERIES OF ELECTRICAL IMPULSES

  • THAT HAVE TO BE TRANSLATED AND TRANSCODED A NUMBER OF TIMES

  • ACROSS THE NEURAL NETWORK.

  • AND IF THERE'S SOME KIND OF A GAP OR CORRUPTION

  • IN THAT NETWORK, THOSE SIGNALS DON'T GET TRANSLATED.

  • IS THAT HOW IT WORKS?

  • >> YES. THAT'S DEFINITELY HOW IT WORKS.

  • AND SO WHAT WE'RE ULTIMATELY DOING IS CREATING A BRIDGE

  • BETWEEN THESE TWO ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS.

  • >> THAT'S IT.

  • >> AND WHEN WE CREATE THOSE BRIDGES THOSE --

  • THOSE MEMORIES CAN FLOW FREELY THROUGHOUT THE BRAIN.

  • >> AND SO THIS WILL BE EFFECTIVE FOR ALZHEIMER'S --

  • FOLKS THAT SUFFER FROM ALZHEIMER'S --

  • AND ALSO, APPARENTLY SOLDIERS THAT COME BACK

  • FROM THE WAR THEATER AND HAVE TROUBLE WITH PTSD

  • AND OTHER THINGS BECAUSE OF BRAIN INJURY OR BRAIN TRAUMA.

  • THIS WILL HELP IN THOSE CASES?

  • >> YES. WE'VE FOUND OUT -- WE'VE NOTICED --

  • IN THE PAST TEN YEARS OF SOLDIERS COMING BACK

  • THAT THEY HAVE SOMETHING CALLED TBI, OR TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY.

  • AND THIS IS KIND OF A SMALL LOSS OF MEMORY DUE

  • TO SOME TRAUMATIC INJURY THAT HAS OCCURRED AROUND THE BRAIN.

  • THIS IS AN EXPLOSION THAT'S AROUND THEIR BRAIN

  • OR SOME TRAUMATIC SYSTEM THAT'S OCCURRED WHERE THEY'VE LOST

  • THAT SIGNALING PATHWAY.

  • AND SO WE ARE ABLE TO CREATE THOSE BRIDGES

  • THAT HAVE ULTIMATELY BEEN LOST.

  • AND WHEN WE DO THAT, HOPEFULLY WE CAN HELP THOSE SOLDIERS KIND

  • OF REMEMBER A LOT

  • OF THE MEMORIES BEFORE THAT INJURY OCCURRED.

  • >> SO, GOOD NEWS ON THAT FRONT.

  • >> DEFINITELY.

  • DEFINITELY GOOD NEWS.

  • >> ALL RIGHT.

  • WELL, LET'S TALK ABOUT LONGEVITY FOR A MOMENT BECAUSE I TEASED

  • IN THE OPENING THAT WE'RE GOING TO LIVE TO 150 YEARS IF WE'RE

  • AROUND IN TIME TO BE ABLE TO TAKE ADVANTAGE OF SOME

  • OF THESE NEW ADVANCEMENTS.

  • WHY WOULD LONGEVITY INCREASE

  • BECAUSE OF THESE BIOMEDICAL ADVANCEMENTS?

  • WHAT ARE THOSE ADVANCEMENTS THAT ARE GOING

  • TO ENABLE THE LONGER LIFES, LONGER LIFESPAN?

  • >> WELL, THERE'S QUITE A FEW OF THEM.

  • ONE BIG ONE THAT'S MAKING A LOT

  • OF PUBLIC NOTICE IS SOMETHING CALLED 3D PRINTING.

  • AND SO ONE OF THE BIG REASONS THAT A LOT

  • OF PEOPLE WILL DETERIORATE AND ULTIMATELY PASS ON IS

  • BECAUSE THEIR BODY JUST KIND OF GIVES OUT.

  • AND AS THEIR ORGANS, THEY'VE BEEN WORKING FOR MANY,

  • MANY YEARS AND THEY ARE ABLE TO RECREATE THOSE CELLS AGAIN.

  • AND SO, IF WE, AS HUMANS, AND ENGINEERS HAVE BEEN ABLE

  • TO FIND A WAY OF FINDING A NEW ORGAN

  • OR TO REGENERATE THOSE CELLS DEGENERATING IN AN ORGAN AGAIN,

  • WE CAN LIVE A LITTLE BIT LONGER.

  • AND SO, 3D PRINTING HAS COME TO PASS

  • WHERE THEY'VE ACTUALLY CREATED HUMAN BLADDERS, HUMAN CANCERS,

  • AND ACTUALLY HUMAN TISSUES.

  • A GROUP ON THE EAST COAST HAS BEEN DOING THIS

  • FOR THE PAST FIVE TO SIX YEARS.

  • AND NOW THE KEY AT NOW IS NOW THAT WE CAN CREATE THIS ORGAN,

  • DO WE HAVE THE ABILITY FOR THAT ORGAN

  • TO DO [INAUDIBLE] CONTINUOUSLY?

  • AND I THINK THAT IN THE FUTURE -- WE'RE TALKING MAYBE SEVEN,

  • EIGHT YEARS -- WE'LL ACTUALLY SEE SOME FDA APPROVED FROM --

  • FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION APPROVED --

  • CLINICAL TRIALS OF USING THESE 3D PRINTING TECHNIQUES,

  • WHICH WOULD BE GREAT.

  • SO IF YOU SAY, "HEY, I HAVE, YOU KNOW, MY BLADDER'S STARTING

  • TO GIVE OUT," YOU GO TO A DOCTOR

  • AND A DOCTOR GIVES YOU A PRESCRIPTION

  • AND THAT PRESCRIPTION SAYS,"GO TO A 3D PRINTING COMPANY."

  • YOU WAIT TWO OR THREE DAYS LATER