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Hi everyone! 大家好! Welcome to the first episode of Growing up with Chinese
成长汉语. My name is Charlotte Macinnis and in this show I'll be
helping all of you learn some very basic and useful Chinese. Now I realize
that some of you might be thinking right now why should I learn Chinese, what does
China have to do with me.
Well, different people will give you different answers and I'll give you my
answers today. China is a country with over five thousand years of history.
Exploring the various facets of Chinese culture, Chinese life, Chinese inventions
and tradition and you can't forget Chinese language, all these aspects that
have developed over these five thousand years is fascinating exciting and really
quite unique. Think of 功夫 or Kung-fu as some of you might know it, or even Chinese food
which is delicious, or can't forget traditional Chinese medicine. This is one
of the founders of traditional Chinese medicine. By learning how to speak
Chinese, all of these wells of incredible information become more accessible to
you. If you visit a foreign country and can speak the language of the country,
you're going to have a completely different experience than if you don't
speak a word. So why should you learn Chinese with us here on Growing up with
Chinese? Well, a team of professionals have put their heads together to design
a show specifically for teenagers but of course everyone is welcome to watch and
don't worry it's not all going to be work. We also have clips of Mike, 小明
and their teachers and friends to help demonstrate what we'll be learning and
we will also be covering various facets of Chinese culture history and everyday
life in the show's Cultural Spotlight segment. So I dare say you won't get
bored. And finally just so you all know a little bit more about me as I will be
seeing you every show I was born in the United States and moved to China with my
family in 1988. I was seven at the time and yes if you do the math you can
figure out how old I am and I spent 10 years here before returning to America
for university so I grew up in China learning Chinese and going to Chinese
school and I'm thrilled to be hosting a show that will help all of you learn
Chinese as you grow up and yes no matter what your age we never stop growing up.
So this program really is for people of all ages who want to learn Chinese. So
there we are. That was quite the long introduction but I hope that now you're
all more excited about learning Chinese and learning about china. Ok! 好!Our topic
for today is Greetings, very important phrases to know in any foreign language.
小明, a Chinese boy is center stage here in beijing today as he prepares for
Mike, a high school exchange student to arrive. So let's take a look right now
and see what 小明 is up to.
——爷爷,早上好!——小明,你好!
——琳琳,小新,你们好!——小明,你好!
小明 certainly knows a lot of people, doesn't he? My guess is all of you pretty much understood that we just saw where the
various ways 小明 greeted different people. Let's break them down one at a
time.
你好! Separately, 你 means you and 好 means good. When they're put together, they form
the most common greeting in Chinese hello 你好. Now if you're saying hello
to more than one person a 们 is added after. 们 effectively makes a singular
pronoun (I, you, he, she, it) or a noun referring to a person plural.
你们, it's the plural of you. 你们好 therefore is hello everyone
or hello all.
早上好。You're guessing correctly that this is a greeting. This phrase shares the 好 that the other two have.
早上 however means morning, so 早上好 is Good morning.
Okay, let's take another look at the clip.
Alright, just about the rest of today's general overview of the dialogue, now it's time to get into some specifics.
Before we move into today's vocabulary, I want to ask you all a question. Did any of
you noticed how everything sounded almost like a song? That's because
Chinese is a tonal language. Now what that means is that for almost every word
in Chinese there are four ways or four tones in which you can speak it. And the
meaning of the word changes depending on the tone. So let's use the word 'ma' as an
example, OK?
So, 'ma' you need it four times because their four tones. We've got our first on third down and
forth tone. ma1 ma2 ma3 ma4. So, there are four tones, and for every tone the word 'ma' has a different meaning
or sometimes different meaning. Now might sound kind of confusing right now
but don't worry it's not too hard to grasp and you all get plenty of practice with
tones. So now let's take a look at today's list of vocabulary words.
你, you. 您, you. It's the formal usage of the word you. 们, suffix. It's used to form a
plural number when added to a personal pronoun or a noun referring to a person
好, good.
早上, morning. 爷爷, grandfather. OK, time to switch gears for a minute. Now regardless
of where you're from, I want all of you to think for just a second about how you
greet someone in your culture if you don't say anything. I'm from the United
States, I can think of a bunch of ways I might greet people depending on how
familiar I am with them. I might hug them, I might kiss them once on the cheek, I
could do a fancy handshake or just a plain handshake, or I might even hold
both their hands. It's all quite physical, isn't it? Well in general, physical
greetings and China are quite reserved. In ancient times, men greeted each other
like this. And women would greet people like this. People rarely made physical
contact in public. Now of course times change. Now you see all kinds of physical
greetings taking place. But overall especially compared to how physical
American Greetings can be, physical greetings in China are still relatively
restrained. You see handshakes and head nods mostly. Among young people, you might see
a hug exchange too, but that's about it.
And growing up here, my Chinese friends always joke with me about giving me a
Chinese hug. They would reach across and squeeze my arm like this. That's quite an
affectionate way to acknowledge someone here.
Time to look at some of today's language points, and to start off with we have a
tone alert. Now did all of you notice that both 你 and 好 are third tone
characters. There's a rule for 2 third tones if they come next to each other. It's way
too hard to make your voice to them side-by-side.
Try it really quick, 你好, now try it quickly, it's hard, huh? Well when 2 third tones are
side-by-side, the first one becomes a second tone like this, ni2 hao3.
It's easier, isn't it? So just remember if it's a third tone and a third tone next to
each other,
ni3 hao3, it changes to a second tone and a third tone ni2 hao3. Let's look at some more examples.
We have another tone alert. Did you hear a tone for 们.
This demonstrates what some call the fifth tone in Chinese but it's not
really a tone. In Chinese, it's called 轻声, which literally means light sound. It's a
toneless or a neutral tone 们. Now because we have 们 separating 你 and 好, they
both go back to being third tone ni3 men0 hao3.
Here is a test for your ears. Did any of you notice that
when 小明 said hello to the person at the store and the person
on the bus he said 您
Sounds a lot like 你, doesn't it?
Well, they both mean you. However, 您 is the formal way to say you in Chinese.
Now I know some European languages like French for example have the formal
and informal you. Chinese is the same. You say 您 when you want to be respectful,
especially to people you don't know. 您好! let's look at some more 您 examples.
Alright, then just about wrapped everything up for today.
Now don't worry if your head is swimming in the vast ocean of the Chinese language.
We'll go over as much as we can what has been talked about in later
episodes of 成长快乐 and you can always visit our website to review.
Please feel free to also send us letters about the show or anything you might
have questions about or any comments you might like to make. We'd love to hear
from you and whenever there is time at the end of a show some of those letters
will be read out loud and I'll do my best answer any questions you might have.
Good luck with your Chinese studies everybody! 加油!See you all next time.
再见!
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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Growing up with Chinese 成长汉语 Lesson 01 Greetings 问候

673 ジャンル 保存
yr9chinesewghs2010 2015 年 10 月 31 日 に公開

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