字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hello. My name is Emma, and in today's lesson, we will be talking about exclamations: How exciting! So what is an "exclamation"? Well, "How exciting!" is an example of an exclamation. So an "exclamation" is, pretty much, something you say -- so this is used in conversation English, not written -- when you want to show you are surprised about something, okay? "Whoa! What a big car!", for example. You can also use it when you want to emphasize something -- when you want to show you really mean something. So for example, yesterday, my grandmother gave me this beautiful ring. So what did I say when I got the ring? I said, "What a beautiful ring, Nanny!" I call my grandma "Nanny". I also said, "How beautiful!" These are examples of exclamations. So we use them a lot in conversation. So let's look at how you make an exclamation. Okay, so first, we will look at "how". We make a "how" exclamation by taking "How + an adjective!" If you remember, an "adjective" is something that describes a noun. Example: exciting, interesting, big, small, medium, beautiful, pretty, cool. These are all adjectives. So for example, "How exciting!" -- this is an exclamation. And do you notice what is at the end of this sentence? That's right. An exclamation mark. So maybe you're talking to your friend; they're telling you about their job; what's their job? Maybe they're an astronaut. They go to space. What would you say to them? You'd say, "How exciting!" Meaning you're very excited for them. "How strange!" So again, "How + adj.!" There is no verb. And we have, again, our exclamation mark. "How strange!" Maybe you would say this if you saw a haunted house or a weird man or you saw someone doing something very strange. You would say, "How strange!" Another example: Maybe you see a baby. Your friend just had a baby. You're looking at it. It has these nice, big eyes. What do you say? "How cute!" I always say this when I see puppies and kittens. "How cute!" Okay, so again, no verb, and if you write it, it has an exclamation mark. Okay. So these are our "how" exclamations. Let's look at our "what" exclamations. It's on this side. It's the same idea. We use this when we're showing surprise, or we really want to show we mean something. So the formula -- it's like math: We take "What + a + adj. +noun!" So let's isolate this. "What + a + adjective + noun + !" So what are some examples of this? If I saw a movie -- I really liked this movie. Maybe it's an action movie. At the end, I might say, "Wow! What an exciting movie!" Okay? "Exciting" is your adjective; "movie" is your noun. In this case, there is no verb, but you have to be careful. You must remember "a" or "an". Okay? So it's either "what a", "what an". Let's look at another example: "What a strange man." Okay, so again, maybe you see a man doing something very strange or you meet someone; you think they're very strange. "Oh, what a strange man!" Again: "What + a + adjective is 'strange' + noun is 'man'". Okay? Another example: "Oh, what a cute baby!" "What a cute baby!" And again, what is your adjective? Cute. What is the noun? Baby. Is there a verb? No. Is there an exclamation mark? Yes. That's the exclamation mark. Okay. So these are some examples of exclamations, but there's another way to do this. So we have with "how". Maybe you have a sentence: "She is pretty." "Oh, she's very pretty." "She is pretty." You can say this a different way. Especially in conversation. You can say, "How pretty she is." So it's just like what we did up here, but we are adding the subject and the verb. And notice the order: "How pretty she -- so subject first -- is -- verb last." Okay? "How exciting the movie was!" "How strange the man is!" "How cute the babies are!" Here are some more examples of this. Now, we can do something similar with "what" exclamations. This sentence: "You have big eyes." There's a very famous story called "The Three Little Pigs" -- or no. Not "Three Little Pigs", "Little Red Riding Hood". And there's a very famous line in that story -- it's a kids' story -- where the wolf is dressed in Grandmother's clothes, and Red Riding Hood says to the wolf: "Grandma, what big eyes do you have!" Oh, actually, "What big eyes you have!" There's no "do"! "What big eyes you have!" "What big lips you have!" "What big teeth you have!" Okay? So that's from a very famous story. So it's just like what we did up here. You have "What" -- you don't have "a", but "What + adjective + noun + subject + verb". We could say also, "What an exciting movie this is!" "What a strange man he is!" "What a cute baby she is!" Okay, so you have a choice: You can either do it this way, or if you want, you can add a subject and a verb at the end. So let's do some practice ones together. Okay, so let's do some questions. "What a great idea!" Another example of an exclamation. So the first one we are going to do: "That's a big truck." How do we change this into an exclamation using either "how" or "what"? Well, first of all, think: "Is there an adjective?" We have our adjective. "Is there a noun?" "Truck" is a noun. So do we use "how" or "what"? We use "what". We can say: "What -- what comes next? -- a -- adjective -- big -- noun -- truck." "What a big truck!" Okay? Example. You could also say, "What a big truck it is!" "What a big truck it is!" Or "What a big truck that is!" All are okay. I'll just write this one because it's shorter, and it's correct. No. 2: "You make a cute couple." Well, maybe you have a friend who has a boyfriend, and then you're looking at them saying, "You make a cute couple." What else could you say? How can we make this an exclamation? Okay, well, first of all, do you see a noun? Is there a noun? Yes: "couple." Is there an adjective? Yes. So do we use "how" or "what"? We use "what" with adjectives and nouns. So let's make the sentence. "What a cute couple!" "Oh, what a cute couple!" Or "What a cute couple!" Or you could even say, "What a cute couple you make!" So again, if you want to keep "you make" in it, at the end, "What a cute couple you make!" So subject first, then verb at the end. And always, if you write it, exclamation point. No. 3: "This story is very creative." "This story is very creative." How can we turn this into an exclamation? Well first, is there an adjective? Yes. Is the adjective describing a noun behind it? Well, we could say, "What a creative story!" So yes, there is a noun. So we could say, "What a creative story!" But I want to use "how" this time. I can say, "How creative!" So I can say, "Wow! How creative!" I can put an exclamation mark. Or I can say -- if I want, I can say, "How creative this story is!" "How creative -- how creative this story is!" Finally, No. 4: Maybe I'll admire my ring. "It's lovely." How can we change this into an exclamation? Do we have a noun? No. Do we have an adjective? Yes. So with just an adjective, we can use "how". We can say, "How lovely!" "Oh, how lovely!" Okay? Like that. So again, this is used in conversation English, okay? "What an interesting video!" Also: "How exciting this video is!" Okay? So if you want to practice this more, you can come to www.engvid.com, and you can practice on our quiz. Okay? So until next time, take care.