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  • It`s great to have you watching CNN STUDENT NEWS on this Monday, March 2.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. Hope you had a great weekend.

  • First up, there was a march yesterday in the Russian capital, Moscow.

  • It was supposed to have been led by a man named Boris Nemtsov

  • and it was supposed to have been held in opposition

  • to Russia`s policies concerning Ukraine.

  • But Nemtsov, Russia`s former deputy prime minister,

  • was killed Friday night, so thousands used the event to remember and mourn him.

  • Theories about the killing range far and wide.

  • Nemtsov was a fierce critic of Russian President Vladimir Putin,

  • so some are saying Nemtsov was targeting by the Putin administration

  • or someone who supports it.

  • A Russian government spokesman says the killing was meant to stir up political strife.

  • Police are investigating if it was terrorism or related to Nemtsov`s business activities.

  • And Ukraine`s president says Nemtsov was going to reveal information

  • that would have been damaging to the Russian government.

  • Next door today concerns the leader of Israel and a visit

  • he`s making this week to the U.S. Capitol.

  • Right now, the Obama administration is negotiating with Iran

  • over its controversial nuclear program.

  • Iran says it`s strictly for peaceful purposes.

  • But Western countries have been concerned that Iran is trying to make a nuclear weapon,

  • so they`ve imposed a number of sanctions -- penalties on Iran.

  • The Obama administration is considering lifting its sanctions

  • if Iran promises it won`t make a nuclear weapon

  • and if it allows inspectors to make sure it doesn`t.

  • But Israel opposes the possible deal.

  • It sees Iran as an enemy and thinks Iran will still try to make a nuclear weapon in secret.

  • It supports new sanctions against Iran.

  • The Obama administration says that could threaten the deal

  • it`s working on with Iran and that`s why there`s controversy

  • over a speech that Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu

  • is giving in the United States on Tuesday.

  • As Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu heads to the United States for a controversial visit,

  • there are signs he may be trying to tone down the angry rhetoric

  • between him and the Obama administration.

  • During a visit to the Western Wall before leaving,

  • he said he actually respects President Obama.

  • And in a statement, he said, quote,

  • "I believe in the strength of the relationship between Israel

  • and the U.S. and in their strength to overcome differences of opinion,

  • those that have been and those that will yet be."

  • And from the White House, a similar sentiment the day before.

  • Even the prime minister himself has said that the level of security cooperation

  • between the Netanyahu administration and the Obama administration is unprecedented.

  • Mr. Netanyahu sparked a controversy when he and House Speaker John Boehner

  • went around the White House and arranged a visit and speech on

  • Capitol Hill without consulting anyone in the State Department or the administration,

  • in an open effort to derail U.S.-led nuclear negotiations with Iran.

  • That move was seen as a breach of etiquette

  • and an open sign of the deteriorating relationship

  • with America`s closest ally in the Middle East.

  • In the end, Prime Minister Netanyahu would not be coming to America,

  • he would not be risking the most important national security arrangement

  • that Israel has if it wasn`t for the fact that he believed in his heart

  • that Iran`s and the United States` nuclear negotiating

  • is going to end up being an existential threat to his country.

  • The Tuesday speech has angered Democrats,

  • who accuse Netanyahu of driving a wedge into U.S. foreign policy.

  • To have the prime minister to contradict exactly what the president,

  • in very sensitive negotiations, is trying to do,

  • and that`s trying to guarantee that Iran does not have nuclear weapons.

  • Illinois Congresswoman Jan Schakowsky says she,

  • along with other Democrats, will boycott the speech.

  • The Israeli leader will also speak to a conference hosted by the American pro-Israel group AIPAC,

  • on Monday morning, just before U.S. ambassador to the U.N., Samantha Power,

  • offers her remarks.

  • The two speeches may highlight the clash between the U.S. and Israel

  • as they haggle over how to approach nuclear negotiations with Iran.

  • However, some foreign policy watchers say the U.S.-Israeli relationship

  • is too important to let wither.

  • OK. It`s time to roll out the Roll Call.

  • We`re kicking things off at Lake Worth, Florida, just south of West Palm Beach.

  • It`s where The Mustangs are running at Woodlands Middle School.

  • Grand Haven, Michigan is on the eastern shore of Lake Michigan.

  • It`s home to The Buccaneers of Grand Haven High School.

  • And for the first time this year, we`re visiting India on the Roll Call.

  • The British School is in the Indian capital of New Delhi.

  • U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry says the U.S.-led campaign

  • to defeat the ISIS terrorist group is moving forward.

  • But he says ground troops will be needed to defeat the terrorists in Syria.

  • Secretary Kerry says they wouldn`t be American combat troops.

  • But the U.S. approach to ISIS has changed and some lawmakers

  • are wondering if U.S. boots will inevitably be on the ground.

  • When the U.S. began a military campaign against ISIS,

  • the mission was defined very clearly as an air campaign with no boots on the ground.

  • Now, that changed as U.S. boots did hit the ground,

  • first with just a few hundred military advisers, soon authorized up to 3,000.

  • So the second definition of the mission became an air campaign

  • with no combat troops or no ground combat troops,

  • none outside the major city centers of Irbil in the north

  • and Baghdad in the central part of the country.

  • Now, that role changed again when those military advisers moved out

  • of those major city centers to places such as Anbar Province,

  • which is mostly held by ISIS, the scene of fierce fighting.

  • So while those troops don`t have a combat role,

  • they`re certainly in a combat zone.

  • That point was highlighted recently when the Al-Asad Air Base in Anbar Province,

  • which houses some 400 coalition troops,

  • including 300 Americans, came under assault by ISIS.

  • Now, the fourth change in the definition of the mission is still on the table

  • and that`s the idea that some of these military advisers might either be forward

  • deployed with Iraqi ground forces or

  • that U.S. ground controllers may be sent in to call in air strikes.

  • Are those combat troops?

  • The administration says no, but they would certainly be much closer to combat

  • and therefore much closer to danger.

  • See if you can ID me.

  • I once connected China and Rome.

  • I am an ancient trade route that was traveled by Marco Polo.

  • I`m named for one of the major materials carried along my path.

  • I`m the Silk Road, once stretching from the Mediterranean Sea to Shiyan, China.

  • With the possible exception of Marco Polo,

  • most people who used the Silk Road never actually traveled the whole distance.

  • Different traders would carry goods along different legs of the journey.

  • The route has seen a number of revivals over the centuries.

  • China is investing in one now with a similar goal to the ancient one

  • -- bridge East and West with trade and ideas.

  • The world`s longest rail journey was completed this week.

  • A Chinese cargo train finished its first trip from the town of Yiwu in China to Madrid.

  • That means it passed through no fewer than eight countries -- China, Kazakhstan, Russia,

  • Belarus, Poland, Germany, France and Spain, according to Chinese state media.

  • The journey was more than 8,000 miles each way and each leg took roughly three weeks.

  • To put that in perspective, the round trip distance is equivalent to traveling between

  • Los Angeles and New York approximately six and a half times,

  • or from LA to Sydney and back again.

  • The direct link to the West has been called the 21st Century Silk Road by Chinese officials.

  • It isn`t just this isolated route.

  • Last year, Xi Jinping announced a $40 billion Silk Road fund

  • to boost infrastructure that could link markets across Asia and beyond.

  • It`s officially the year of the sheep, or by some translations, the ram or the goat.

  • But perhaps the silk worm would be more appropriate.

  • My Twitter lit up Thursday night.

  • People were asking me what color I thought this dress was.

  • I saw blue and black. But some people see white and gold.

  • It started with a photo of an $80 dress posted recently on social media.

  • The colors you see in the photo comes down to how your eyes and brain process optical signals.

  • So some will swear by blue and black, others white and gold.

  • But that`s just the photo that has this effect.

  • The actually dress is actually blue and black and everyone agrees.

  • And because sales of it are up over 300 percent,

  • according to the company, it does plan to make one in gold and white.

  • So dress makers will make a dress to dress the best dressed.

  • Dress wearers want a dress.

  • Dressing up or dressing down or just putting to dress the great dress debate,

  • which is anything but black and white.

  • I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • And for the record, my tie is black and blue.

It`s great to have you watching CNN STUDENT NEWS on this Monday, March 2.

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2015年3月2日 - 字幕付きCNN学生ニュース (March 2, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles)

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