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  • Here with your mid-week edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. Thank you for watching.

  • One of the biggest stories we covered last year involved Iraq and Syria.

  • And the rise of the ISIS terrorist group

  • that took over about a third of those countries.

  • President Obama and congressional Republicans

  • are discussing the U.S. approach to ISIS in the coming year.

  • America is currently leading an international coalition

  • fighting the terrorists in the Middle East,

  • but the U.S. role so far has been limited to airstrikes,

  • drone strikes and advising other troops on how to fight ISIS.

  • Will that change? Will U.S. ground troops be deployed in direct combat,

  • though the president has said they wouldn`t be?

  • One thing experts know the answer to,

  • the battle against ISIS won`t end this year.

  • What will the war on ISIS look like in 2015? In a word, tough.

  • For one, ISIS will not be defeated in 2015,

  • despite the U.S.-led air campaign and some more aggressive operations

  • by Iraqi security forces on the ground,

  • ISIS is proven very capable of holding ground.

  • They`ve been changing tactics to make themselves less vulnerable from the air,

  • and they`ve also been resorting to traditional terror attacks against Iraqi forces,

  • Kurdish forces and against civilians as well.

  • Also, look for U.S. forces in 2015 to be more in harm`s way,

  • as their numbers approach some 3,000 U.S. troops on the ground,

  • many of them will no longer be confined to the relatively safe areas

  • of Kurdistan in the north and the capital Baghdad in Central Iraq.

  • They already have 300 American advisors

  • at al-Assad base in the highly contested Anbar Province,

  • and over the course of the year you`ll have many more forward deployed

  • and training centers around the country.

  • Key question in 2015, is will U.S. commanders

  • ask the American forces be more forward deployed,

  • perhaps as air controllers for airstrikes against ISIS?

  • It`s an option that U.S. commanders have said they will not take off the table.

  • Also, look in 2015 for Iraqi forces to take more aggressive action,

  • particularly in attempt to retake Mosul, key northern city in Iraq,

  • a key stronghold for ISIS.

  • Iraqi commanders somewhat impatient about

  • when they should go forward with such an operation,

  • U.S. commanders less impatient,

  • they are not sure that Iraqi forces are capable yet of such an ambitious operation.

  • The war against ISIS inside Syria looks even less hopeful.

  • For one, the U.S. and the coalition still have not completed

  • vetting moderate rebels to take on ISIS on the ground there.

  • Two, ISIS is proven very good at changing their tactics in Syria

  • as well to make themselves less vulnerable to the U.S.-led air campaign.

  • Also, ISIS opening up new fronts in the war in Syria including close to Lebanon.

  • From the beginning, U.S. commanders and the president

  • have said that the war on ISIS will be measured in years, not months.

  • That will become very clear this year.

  • It will become very clear that the war will extend far beyond 2015.

  • Quick, what`s the capital of Belgium?

  • It`s the first stop in today`s "Roll Call."

  • Brussels is the answer,

  • the brigons (ph) are here watching from the Brussels American School.

  • From the American South, we heard from some tigers in Gurley, Alabama.

  • They are at Madison County High School, and in Longmont, Colorado,

  • don`t tread on the rattlers. Altona Middle School is wrapping up our roll.

  • Sitting there at your desk, what can you do to prevent the flu?

  • One, don`t touch your eyes, mouth or nose,

  • avoid close contact with sick people, wash your hands.

  • And if you are sick,

  • the CDC says you should stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone.

  • Unless, of course, you are going to go see a doctor.

  • All tips to stay healthy in a particularly nasty flu season.

  • Let me try and settle this flu shot thing,

  • although I`m sure it`s going to keep coming up again.

  • You can`t get the flu from the flu shot.

  • It`s a dead virus, it can`t actually cause flu.

  • Why do people feel sort of crummy afterward?

  • It`s because the flu vaccine is actually working,

  • making your immune system fire up, get ready and recognize it,

  • if it actually seize the flu, how to kill it.

  • No, it`s not 100 percent fail safe.

  • For instance, this particular year, the dominant circulating string,

  • is something known as H3N2, but it`s mutated just a little bit,

  • which means that the flu vaccine that was made months ago,

  • is not going to be quite as effective as if it hadn`t mutated at all.

  • But it`s still going to offer a lot of protection,

  • so you are not going to be as sick as likely to get sick or if you do get sick,

  • have a shorter duration.

  • OK, so if you are like me, your mom probably said

  • don`t go outside in the cold without your hat on,

  • you are going to catch the flu.

  • You can`t catch the flu from just simply being outside in the cold.

  • But it does raise the question,

  • why are there so many more flu cases in the winter months?

  • You are likely to stay indoors more.

  • So, if one person is sick, more people are likely to get sick.

  • The sun is lower in the sky, and as a result,

  • you have less Vitamin D actually being produced in your body.

  • Your immune system starts to get suppressed a little bit.

  • You are more likely to get sick with the flu.

  • Winter months tend to be lower humidity.

  • Viruses like the flu virus they like lower humidity.

  • They are likely to live longer.

  • So, your mom may have been right: I mean look, moms are always right,

  • but maybe not for the reasons you originally thought.

  • Volcanoes, they are a blast.

  • There are about 1500 volcanoes on earth that could be active one day,

  • and that`s not counting the ones on the ocean floor.

  • But scientists say only 50 to 60 volcanoes actually erupt in a given year.

  • Now, that`s random, right?

  • All right, Crazy Horse was the name of a Sioux Indian chief.

  • He was probably born around 1840 in what`s now South Dakota.

  • He was a determined warrior who fought to

  • preserve Native Americans way of life

  • and fought against his people`s relocation to reservations.

  • Crazy Horse participated in an ambush of dozens of U.S. soldiers in 1866.

  • He helped defeat George Armstrong Custer at the battle of Little Bighorn.

  • Crazy Horse became almost mythical in his resistance to white expansion.

  • He was killed in a scuffle with U.S. soldiers after surrendering to them in 1877.

  • Today, his legacy is being carved out in stone.

  • This is truly dedication in stone.

  • This project really has its roots back in 1939,

  • that`s when a sculptor from Massachusetts

  • by the name of Korczak Ziolkowski came here to the Black Hills

  • of South Dakota to work on Mount Rushmore.

  • Not too long after that, Chief Standing Bear invited the sculptor

  • to work on a mountainous tribute to the Native American Indian honoring their culture,

  • their traditions, their heritage and their heroes.

  • In 1947, Ziolkowski made good on that and began the Crazy Horse Memorial.

  • (INAUDIBLE) built those stairs off the mountain,

  • and Dad would say whenever you dropped your hammer,

  • she was right there to pick it up.

  • At one point in this you are getting help. When they had ten children .

  • But we are in a lot of help, we are not alone.

  • I started 35 years ago, but I`ve actually worked on the mountain 27.

  • I have had the opportunity to at least see the face done,

  • and Korczak, you know, did all this work without being able to see that.

  • So, right now we are walking on what will be Crazy Horse`s arm out to his pointing finger,

  • and when you come up here, they tell you to not turn around,

  • and so you are far enough out.

  • So that you can really get that true impression of Crazy Horse`s face.

  • It is nearly 90 feet tall.

  • So I`m going to turn around and take a look at it,

  • and Wow, it`s pretty impressive.

  • My lands are where my dad lie buried.

  • And that`s what this mountain is representing.

  • And that`s an (INAUDIBLE), too.

  • White trader asked Indian - Crazy Horse where you land is now,

  • to (INAUDIBLE), and he pointed over his horse and said, my land.

  • However, my dad lied buried.

  • That was a spiteful question, wasn`t it?

  • And so, he - he answered like, this is where I`m from.

  • This is where my people are.

  • Yeah. It has so much meaning to you. Yeah.

  • When all is set and done, it will be 600 and 41 feet long, and 563 feet tall.

  • Just up the road as Mount Rushmore,

  • those four presidents` heads are 60 feet tall each.

  • Together, they would feet in just Crazy Horse`s head.

  • Do you have any idea how long this is going to take?

  • By the time I`m an old lady, it should look pretty good.

  • And you are not being a smart .

  • When we say dog sled, you`d probably think (INAUDIBLE) or the call of the wild,

  • anything with huskies pulling someone onboard a sled.

  • Not here. Stella the bulldog puppy isn`t pulling anyone.

  • She is taking herself for a ride.

  • Things get off to a bit of a slow start, but hey,

  • she`s only five months old. Pretty soon, she really starts sliding.

  • They only thing she needs work on is at the end.

  • Except for the fence at the bottom of the hill, there is just snow stopping here.

  • Someone say, allowing her to hit the posts was in defense a bull (ph),

  • but she was bullish, dog legend and doggedly dog

  • turning to hot dog down to a dogcisively and Cradock bull on dog taking.

  • It`s all day on hill when you go to the dogs.

  • For CNN STUDENT NEWS, I`m Carl Azuz.

Here with your mid-week edition of CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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2015年1月14日 - 字幕付きCNN学生ニュース (January 14, 2015 - CNN Student News with subtitles)

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