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  • Welcome back to CNN STUDENT NEWS into the first day of December.

  • I`m Carl Azuz kicking off ten minutes of commercial free current events.

  • First up, Black Friday. It ain`t what it used to be.

  • Traditionally, one of the busiest shopping days of the year in the U.S.

  • It`s losing a little ground to Thanksgiving Thursday.

  • This year, a company that tracks retail sales found that American spending

  • had increased on Thanksgiving Day and slightly decreased on Black Friday.

  • As compared with last year.There are also changes in where people shopped.

  • Sales at brick and mortar stores, the ones you can actually visit,

  • were reportedly less than they were last year.

  • Sales online were mixed. The National Retail Federation says all things considered,

  • the average American shopper spent just over $380 this holiday weekend.

  • That`s down from $407 last year.

  • Economists watch retail spending to get an idea of how the U.S. economy is doing.

  • When we left you last week, violent protests had begun in Ferguson, Missouri.

  • Many of the demonstrators had wanted a white police officer, Darren Wilson,

  • to be charged in the fatal shooting of a black 18-year old Michael Brown.

  • But a grand jury decided not to charge Officer Wilson after

  • hearing evidence and accounts from witnesses and police.

  • Hundreds of protesters have been arrested,both in the town of Ferguson and in several other U.S. cities

  • where people demonstrated against the grand jury decision.

  • Over the weekend, the policeman resigned from his job.

  • Darren Wilson said it was for the safety of other officers and the community,

  • and that he hoped it would help Ferguson heal.

  • While the demonstrations in other cities have mostly been peaceful, those in Ferguson have not.

  • On the streets of Ferguson the morning light revealed the devastation after two nights of destruction.

  • Stop throwing objects, it`s police and disperse immediately.

  • The announcement of the Grand Jury decision brought an explosion of anger and violence in Ferguson.

  • Police surrounded this auto part store early in the evening,but rioters torched it.

  • The store lit up the night sky and continued burning well into the next day.

  • Ferguson Market and Liquor is a store where

  • where Michael Brown allegedly stole some cigarillos just minutes before he was fatally shot.

  • It became an especially symbolic target for looters.

  • But some hose to stand up for their town.

  • Andre Thomas didn`t even know the owner of this wig shop.

  • Tell me what you are doing out here.

  • I saw some people looting, that`s not what I`m about. So, I just want to protect it.

  • Others tried to save Cathy`s Kitchen. A favorite local restaurant run by a local family.

  • Leave this alone! Leave this alone!

  • Still, even Cathy`s was vandalized and the days and weeks before Monday`s decision,

  • business owners boarded up hoping for the best,

  • but their best efforts were no match for this week`s fury.

  • This is what`s left of Little Caesars, prime beauty supply, Flood Christian Church.

  • More than 2,000 National Guard troops were ordered to the streets Tuesday.

  • The governor promising there would not be a repeat of Monday night`s violence.

  • Still, another police car was set on fire and flipped over,

  • more businesses were trashed as police tried to break up crowds with tear gas and smoke bombs.

  • Natalie Dubose`s Bakery was heavily damaged.

  • It kind of feels like I`m in a twilight zone, that I`m watching this happen.

  • But I`m actually happen to live it and the destruction here is just absolutely - it`s unbelievable.

  • By daylight, there were small glimmers of hope, volunteers turned up to help with the cleanup.

  • Natalie Dubose`s turned to crowd funding for help.

  • More than $100,000 has been pledged, and at Cathy`s Kitchen ..

  • I can rebuild, I will make it.

  • As requested on last Tuesday`s transcript page at cnnstudentnews.com,

  • today`s "Roll Call" takes us to the capital of Russia.

  • The Anglo-American School of Moscow is watching.

  • Hello to the penguins in Moscow. In Wisconsin, the village of Boyceville

  • is barking with bulldogs` Boyceville Middle High School is on the roll.

  • And the Mount Rushmore stayed as home to the Warriors.

  • They are at Bennett County High School in Martin, South Dakota.

  • The Middle Eastern country of Iran has a controversial nuclear program.

  • Western nations, including the U.S. are concern that Iran is building nuclear weapons.

  • Iran insists its program is only for peaceful purposes like nuclear power.

  • Last week, in an international meeting in Vienna, Austria,

  • everyone involved in negotiations over Iran`s nuclear program said good progress had been made.

  • But no agreement was reached by the deadline,

  • and some officials are asking if an agreement is possible.

  • So, what happened here in Vienna? Why no agreement after so many months of talks?

  • And remember Vienna was just the most recent stop.

  • There were previous rounds in Geneva, in New York at the U.N. General Assembly,

  • other meetings in Oman, Paris, London, and still no agreement.

  • At the end, the issues that divide the two sides now

  • are the same ones that divided them at the very beginning.

  • One, can Iran have a civilian nuclear program that the West, the U.S.

  • is confident is not a cover for military nuclear program.

  • And can the West give Iran economic relief without losing its leverage?

  • Now, both sides say they wouldn`t keep negotiating unless they`ve made progress on those issues,

  • but they will leave Vienna without the biggest question answer,

  • and that is can the two sides come to that balance without a constant regime of sanctions against Iran,

  • which may or may not work, or in the worst case,

  • military action against Iran by the U.S. or Israel, which may or may not work either.

  • Now, on the good side, the West, the U.S. and Iran, they are talking.

  • More than a year ago, a simple phone call between the American president

  • and the Iranian president was huge headline news.

  • Now, U.S. and Iranian officials are in contact almost every day.

  • But despite that engagement, they still have not been able to reach agreement,

  • and they will leave here in Vienna without a resolution.

  • Time for the "Shoutout." Which of these U.S. cities is oldest?

  • You know what to do. Is it Baltimore, Maryland, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Chicago, Illinois or Savannah, Georgia?

  • You`ve got three seconds, go.

  • Founded in 1729, Baltimore is the oldest U.S. city on this list.

  • Its harbor connects to the Chesapeake Bay.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your shoutout.

  • The Frigate Constellation, the first ship of the U.S. Navy launched in Baltimore Harbor.

  • The Battle of Baltimore inspired Francis Scott Key to write the lyrics to the "Star-Spangled Banner."

  • Despite its reach history, Baltimore Harbor`s also been rich in pollution.

  • At one point, it was labeled un-swimmable and unfishable.

  • The new installation is helping to change that.

  • The water will powered trash in receptor`s purpose is to collect all of the trash

  • and debris that comes down this river, and this river drains a big part of Baltimore City and Baltimore County.

  • And now that our children can`t swim in the harbor or the streams feeding the harbor because it`s polluted.

  • It works from river current and solar power.

  • The river current itself brings the trash to it, lows on the conveyor.

  • The conveyor is powered by the water wheel, it`s really like an engine.

  • So far it`s collected over 100 tons of trash in the four months that it`s been in here.

  • It`s almost all cigarette butts, plastic bottles. We get plastic bags, chip bags.

  • There is needles, there is, you know, sewage.

  • We can pick up as much as 40,000 pounds a day.

  • As soon as that wheel went in, we saw an immediate impact in reduction of trash in the harbor.

  • It`s not a Baltimore unique problem, and you can see

  • that because there is islands of plastic the size of Texas out in the Pacific.

  • We`ve had inquiries from all over a 100 different cities,

  • all interested in finding innovative ways to remove trash from their water.

  • 50 years ago, this was an industrial wasteland, and people thought

  • that this could never become a tourist attraction,and today millions of tourists come each year.

  • We need to have a clean harbor. We deserve to have clean water.

  • There`s still plenty to do, but it`s a great start.

  • How do dogs drink? It`s not as simple as we thought.

  • Their tongues don`t simply scoop water into their mouth, according to a new study.

  • Researchers at Virginia Tech stuck a water-proof camera at the bottom of a bowl,

  • and got slow motion video of thirsty dogs. They found that dogs;

  • tongues curl backward as they are plunged into the water.

  • The water then sticks, so to speak, to the back of the tongue and makes a column that the dog drinks.

  • So, if you wag your tongue at dogs, know their tongues do tongues of work

  • to let - not leap or simply lick the drink they drink to cool their tongue.

  • Tongue-tied and dog-tied, I`m Carl Azuz. .

  • We`ve lapped up our time this Monday on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

Welcome back to CNN STUDENT NEWS into the first day of December.

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2014年12月1日 - 字幕付きCNN学生ニュース (December 1, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles)

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