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動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
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You might think you know a lot
about Native Americans through popular movies,
books,
and classes in school,
but it turns out that a lot of what we think we know
about famous Native American figures
isn't quite right.
Take Sacajawea for example.
You probably remember her
as a beautiful Indian woman who lived an exotic life
serving as the all-knowing guide
for Lewis and Clark's famous expedition, right?
Well, that's not exactly how it happened.
Not much is known about Sacajawea's early childhood,
but we do know that she was born in 1788
into the Agaidika Tribe
of the Lemhi Shoshone in what is now Idaho.
In 1800, when she was about 12 years old,
Sacajawea and several other girls
were kidnapped by a group of Hidatsa Indians.
She was taken as a captive to a Hidatsa village
in present-day North Dakota.
Then, she was sold to a French Canadian fur trapper
named Toussaint Charbonneau.
Within a year or so,
she was pregnant with her first child.
Soon after she became pregnant,
the Corps of Discovery arrived near the Hidatsa villages.
Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark
built Fort Mandan there,
and then started interviewing people
to help guide them on their perilous expedition.
They agreed to hire Sacajawea's husband, Charbonneau,
with the understanding that his lovely wife
would also come along as an interpreter.
They figured her very presence would help
any encounters with native tribes along the way.
As Clark noted in his journal,
"A woman with a party of men
is a token of peace."
Shortly thereafter, Sacajawea gave birth
to a little boy named Jean Baptiste Charbonneau.
Clark called him Pompy.
She carried Pompy on a board strapped to her back
as the Corps of Discovery forged on.
Besides interpreting the language
when Lewis and Clark encountered Indians,
Sacajawea's activities as a member of the Corps
included digging for roots,
collecting edible plants,
and picking berries.
In 1805, the boat they were riding in was capsized.
She dove into the water,
recovering all the important papers and supplies
that would otherwise have been lost,
including the journals and records of Lewis and Clark.
Later that year, Captain Lewis and three men
scouted 75 miles ahead of the expedition's main party,
crossing the Continental Divide.
The next day they encountered a group of Shishones.
Not only did they prove to be Sacajawea's band,
but their leader, Chief Cameahwait,
turned out to be her very own brother.
After five years of separation
since her kidnapping as a young girl,
Sacajawea and Cameahwait had an emotional reunion.
Unfortunately, she quickly had to bid farewell
to her beloved brother
and continue on with the journey.
At one point, the expedition became so difficult and freezing,
the group was reduced to eating candles to survive.
When temperatures finally became more bearable,
Sacajawea found, dug, and cooked roots
to help the group regain their strength.
On the return trip,
they encountered an Indian wearing a beautiful fur robe.
Lewis and Clark wanted to bring the robe
to Thomas Jefferson as a gift
but had nothing to trade for it.
So, Sacajawea agreed to trade
her most precious possession, her beaded belt,
for the fur.
A little over two years after the expedition began,
it was finally over,
ending in St. Louis.
Today, we learn about Sacajawea in school
as a heroic guide,
but her life, like most everyone's,
was much more complicated
than history books sometimes give her credit for.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

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【TED-Ed】The true story of Sacajawea - Karen Mensing

22188 タグ追加 保存
稲葉白兎 2014 年 12 月 10 日 に公開
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