字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント A.I. might be a human-destroying killer, but without ANY A.I., the world wouldn't be a very awesome place. Stephen Hawking famously said to the BBC, "The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race." Elon Musk has said it's like, "summoning the demon." And yet, earlier this month, Elon Musk, Stephen Hawking and important minds from around the world signed an open letter from the Future of Life Institute encouraging a future for the technology. The letter was widely interpreted by the media, to indicate these super-smart peeps are saying A.I. is going to KILL US ALL, but that's not entirely accurate. It says, right in the open letter, "The potential benefits are huge, since everything that civilization has to offer is a product of human intelligence," what they ARE saying is how A.I. may change the way we live, work, and affect the planet. A.I. could solve problems in ways we can't conceive, and if done right might create a better world for us in the process! Might, being the operative word here… At the moment, A.I. isn't dangerous in itself unless you're living in the realms of films and television. The open letter is some of the greatest humans NOW wanting to make sure the A.I. of the FUTURE will be programmed to concern human safety. Musk donated 10 million dollars alone to safety of A.I. because he knows: computers are dumb. We have to teach them morality, ethics and empathy, just like we train it to drive, speak, move cargo or play piano. We have to recognize, the humans PROGRAMMING the A.I. have biases. If we create a banking A.I. using current lending data as data points, it might lend more to white people than black people; because of the racism of the people who "taught" the computer! It's all in how we program it. This open letter acknowledges that A.I. is beneficial, and it it's a pledge to make sure that's a priority in the future too. Early A.I. work was mainly done by computer scientists, but it's now interdisciplinary; encompassing biology, medicine, law and ethics, psychology and so on. Researchers are saying A.I. should make the world safer and pledging to that fact. As of now, the most advanced artificial intelligences are still pretty basic, working in areas like language processing, photo and face recognition, shipping and logistics, or in driverless cars. To say these are "intelligent" isn't entirely correct. Though often A.I. do have some machine learning, computers only know what we teach them. For example, the brain of a driverless car can take you to the store, but it can't shop for groceries; the variables are completely different. As of 2013, the most advanced A.I. in the world, according to Business Insider, was ConceptNet4. It was built by M.I.T. and had the intelligence of a preschooler, it could explore a bit on it's own, but mostly needed humans to input information for it to learn. They're now up to ConceptNet5.3, and it's a free download! Sure, a full A.I. might be bad, but these rudimentary A.I. are nothing but helpful and should continue to be! Stephen Hawking himself uses a computer with type of A.I. to speak called Assistive Context Aware Toolkit (ACAT). It uses his previous writings and communication to predict what he's going to want to say. That doesn't sound too dangerous… and without the A.I. being able to learn, it wouldn't be much help. Hawking couldn't even TELL us to watch out for A.I. without A.I.!! Hawking, Musk, and researchers from the largest and smartest technology firms and universities in the world aren't saying, "Run for your lives!" They're saying "Run the right algorithms!" What do you think about Artificial Intelligence? Would you want it?