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  • People were dropping like flies; the  young, the middle-aged and the old.  


  • One day these people were healthy and the  next day they came down with something  


  • quite awful. It was as if the devil himself moved  through towns like a miasma, filling the mouths of  

    かなりひどいものでした。まるで悪魔自身が街中を 霧のように動き回り-

  • the innocent and silently killing them, draining  them of their blood... of their very lifeforce


  • Vampires!” screamed the townsfolk, “Here they be  vampires! Evil has announced itself in this town.” 


  • It seemed a good enough theory to  good Christian people who believed  


  • evil was as omnipresent as the air they breathed. During the night the mobs got together, the flames  

    悪は彼らが呼吸する空気のように 遍在していた夜の間に暴徒が集まり炎は

  • from their tiki torches blowing in the wind. They  went out in search of the maleficent spirits,  


  • the dead that had risen again to plague the townThey would find the vampires, and exorcise them so  

    町を悩ませるために 再び蘇った死者のために 彼らは吸血鬼を見つけて 祓い清めました

  • they could cause no more pain and death. This happened late 1700s and throughout  

    彼らはこれ以上の痛みや死を 引き起こすことができませんでしたこれは1700年代後半から

  • the , in the USA, a time of vampires  that most of America has now forgotten.


  • Fast-forward to the year 1990 and  some kids are playing on a hillside  


  • in a small town called Griswold in the state of  Connecticut. One of those kids finds something,  


  • something that makes his blood run cold. He runs home to his house and says to his  


  • mother, “Hey mom, look what I found.” In  his hands are a human skull. The mother  

    母 "お母さん、見て、これ見つけたよ"手に持っているのは人間の頭蓋骨です母親は

  • almost drops the dish she's holdingand gets on the phone to the police


  • It turned out that this kid had discoveredcemetery that dated back to what archaeologists  


  • thought was the late 1700s or early 1800s. They  started digging, and soon discovered a number  


  • of skeletal remains, many of them of children. That wasn't too unusual. Back then life was tough,  


  • people died young, and folks didn't have  the money to erect large gravestones


  • But what was certainly unusual, was the fact some  of those graves contained the bones of people  


  • who'd been accused of being vampires. Let's take you back to the start


  • So, when this kid revealed to his mom that  skull her first thoughts of course were not,  


  • Hmm, that could be the remains of  a vampire.” What she thought was,  


  • Oh my God, someone may have been murdered.” That's exactly what the police thought, too, since  

    "何てことだ 誰かが殺されたのかもしれない"警察もそう思っていました

  • a serial killer named Michael Ross had killed  eight people in the 1980s and three of the victims  

    マイケル・ロスという名の連続殺人犯は 1980年代に8人を殺し、そのうち3人が犠牲になった。

  • were from Griswold. Maybe there were more victimsand so the cops made the hillside a crime scene


  • But then more remains were found, 29 in all. A  forensic archaeologist was called to the scene  


  • and he soon explained that there was no way those  skeletons were once the living victims of Ross


  • They dated back to the colonial era, a time when  people in that area buried their loved ones in  


  • uncomplicated wooden coffins. The remains, for  the most part, were found in the normal position.  


  • They were laid down with arms folded  over the rib cage or down by their side


  • But notBurial Number 4”, this was a special  case and it confounded archaeologists.  


  • They had to dig deeper to get to this cryptand unlike the others it was made of stone.  


  • It was as if this person had been buried  in a way so that it could not rise again


  • The archaeologists struggled to remove the  heavy stones that were guarding the coffin,  


  • a box that strangely had been painted red


  • What they found was not the skeletal  remains of someone laid to rest intact,  

    彼らが見つけたのは 骨格的な遺体ではなく 無傷で安置されていた人のものです

  • but bones that had been severed. The limbs had  been cut up and the head had been chopped off,  

    しかし、骨は切断されていました。手足は切り刻まれていて 頭部は切り落とされていました

  • and the bones had been rearranged to look  something like a pirate's Jolly Roger flag.


  • Not only had the remains been smashed and taken  apart, but the coffin had been partly wrecked.  


  • Someone had dug those remains up  and proceeded to tear them apart.  


  • How unusual, thought the team of archaeologists. Those guys and some historians were confused by  


  • what they saw before them. None of the bodies were  buried with any valuables so it wasn't a case or  

    目の前で見たものを遺体は貴重品と一緒に 埋葬されていなかったので 事件でもなければ

  • grave-robbing, and it seemed highly unlikely  that anyone would have made the effort to dig  


  • down deep, cut apart what was left of a dead  body, and then re-bury it, for no good reason


  • Then one historian's mind lit up and he  believed he knew what had gone down. He  


  • asked his colleagues working on the case if  they had ever heard of the Jewett City vampires


  • What,” his colleagues said,  “vampires in the USA!?” 


  • Yep,” said the historian, New England  was once plagued by vampiresor  


  • at least that's what people thought. Jewett City was a settlement in the U.S.  


  • that now stands in the town of Griswold. In factthat hillside cemetery is located in Jewett City


  • In 1845, a young and healthy man from the Ray  family suddenly became very sick and he died  


  • shortly after. The next to go was the fatherfew years later, and a couple of years after that,  


  • another child of the family died. A year later  and yet another member of the Ray family died,  


  • and people began to think the  family was cursedPerhaps evil  


  • spirits were at work, namely, vampires. Word got around, and soon various parts  

    霊が働いていました 吸血鬼です噂は広まり、すぐに様々な場所で

  • of New England thought they were under attack from  vampires. People indeed were dropping like flies,  

    ニューイングランドの人々は 吸血鬼に襲われていると思っていた人々はハエのように落ちていった

  • and the townsfolk weren't exactly  familiar with medical science


  • The dead were rising again and  taking others down with them,  


  • so someone had the bright idea of tearing out  the heart, or lungs, or head, of the deceased  


  • and burning them. This, they thought, would  keep the dead down and no one else would die


  • But more people kept dying, despite the ad hoc  surgery and the burning of the vital organs.  


  • More drastic measures had to be taken, and that  meant exhuming more bodies and cutting the remains  


  • apart. The rationale was that the dead couldn't  rise if they were legless, heartless and headless


  • This wasn't only happening in Griswold. In  New Hampshire in the mid-19th century there  


  • were many small towns where people believed they  were under attack from the evilest of spirits


  • A newspaper clipping from 1840 explains how  vampire panic was moving through other towns in  


  • New Hampshire. This is what was written about what  people did to the corpse of one alleged vampire


  • This was disinterring a human body, which  belonged to a family all strongly predisposed  

    "これは人間の体を焼いていた" "それは家族全員が強い傾向にあった

  • to consumption, for the purpose of removing  the heart, which was burned, the ashes of  


  • which were considered a sovereign remedy to  those of the family who were still living,  


  • and might be afflicted with the same disease.” The practice didn't only happen in New England,  


  • and historians now think that if bodies all  over certain parts of the USA were exhumed  


  • it would be found that ribs had been  cracked open and heads had been chopped off.  


  • Sometimes this happened right after the  death, but at other times the bodies were  


  • dug up and the dismantling and burning began. There were reported cases in Massachusetts,  


  • Ohio, and Vermont, and each involved many members  of families suddenly getting very ill and dying.  


  • In each case, in each state, to save anyone  else from an early death, either the head,  


  • or the heart, or the lungs, or all threewere removed from the deceased and burned


  • They watched the burning of the hearteach clinging to the belief that now  


  • they were safe from this man turning intovampire and taking their family members out

    この男が吸血鬼になって家族を連れ出しても 安全だったのよ

  • Newspapers across the U.S. gained knowledge of  this strange practice pervading small towns in  


  • the North East., with some of them calling the  townsfolk superstitious and ill-educated, writing  

    北東の町の人々を 迷信深い教養のない人々と呼び

  • that entire communities believed they had been  stricken by evil spirits rising from the grave


  • Some newspapers called itviciousand  “barbaricand said in this day and age  


  • people should not believe in vampirism. As for  the townsfolk, they thought they knew better,  


  • and as you'll soon see, it wasn't only the  uneducated rabble that believed in vampires

    すぐに分かるように 吸血鬼を信じているのは 無学な狂信者だけではなかった

  • Why were they doing thisWhere did the belief come from

    なぜ彼らはこのようなことをしていたのでしょうか? その信念はどこから来たのか?

  • Well, vampirism in the USA goes back a long way. In 1793, in New England a dead man's heart was  


  • burned at a Blacksmith's forge and this is  what was written about that at the time


  • Timothy Mead officiated at the altar in  the sacrifice to the Demon Vampire who it  


  • was believed was still sucking the blood  of the then living wife of Captain Burton.  


  • It was the month of February and a good slaying.” A good slaying! And this happened during a period  


  • called, “The Age of Reason.”  The age of un-reason more like

    "理性の時代 "と呼ばれています 理性のない時代と呼ばれています

  • In Woodstock, Vermont, in the early 1800s a  20-year old man named Frederick Ransom suddenly  


  • fell ill and died. He was buried, but then his  father decided to have the body of his son exhumed  


  • and his heart burned on a blacksmith's forge. Was he under pressure from the townsfolk to  


  • do this or did he do it to save the rest of  his family? We ask that because hundreds of  

    これをやったのか、それとも残りの家族を救うためにやったのか?私たちはそれを尋ねます なぜなら、何百もの

  • local people turned up to watch the burning  of this recently deceased dead man's heart.  


  • The whole town was possessed by the belief  that vampires were killing their young


  • Now we can fast-forward to the year 1892  and look at the death of a 19-year old girl  


  • named Mercy Brown. Her death and subsequent  accusation of being a vampire is perhaps the  


  • case that was most reported in the media. She died in Exeter, New Hampshire,  


  • but not before her mother and elder sister  died. Mercy and her elder brother then got sick,  

    しかし母と姉が亡くなるまでには至りませんでしたマーシーと兄はその後 病気になりました

  • and soon people living within the vicinity became  very scared, believing that this family would rise  


  • again and infect them with the illness. More members of the Brown family died  


  • and one of last surviving members  under pressure from the townsfolk  


  • granted the town permission to exhume the bodies. The mob got their shovels ready and headed over to  


  • the place where the dead were buried. Most of  the corpses were horribly decomposed, but not  

    死者が埋葬された場所ですほとんどの死体は 恐ろしく腐敗していましたが

  • MercyMercy looked almost as sweet as she  had been when she was alive and it was said  


  • blood was still in her heart. An actual newspaper report from  


  • back then said, “The heart and liver were  removed, and in cutting open the heart,  


  • clotted and decomposed blood was found.” The people didn't understand that Mercy  


  • had been stored in a cold crypt during the winterand so her body was preserved. Nope, they believed  

    冬の間 冷たい地下室に保管されていたので 彼女の遺体は保存されていましたいや、彼らは信じていた

  • that the girl was undead and she was to blame  for numerous other Browns' deaths. Her brother  


  • at the time of her death was now very ill, and  the people thought that maybe he could be saved


  • At the time theProvidence Journalwrote  that Mercy had likely been surviving in the  


  • afterlife by consuming theliving tissue and  bloodof her brother. The journal mentions the  


  • wordvampirebut it's unlikely that this word  was used by locals. That's debatable at least


  • The locals burned Mercy's heart and lungs and  turned them into ashes. They then mixed those  


  • ashes with a tonic and gave the drink to  Mercy's brother, since he was now knocking  


  • on death's door. Did the drink save him? The  answer is no. The boy died two months later


  • Still, that didn't stop local communities in  various states digging up more of the dead


  • Historians and folklorists now say this vampire  panic swept through many towns and communities  


  • in the region and there are newspaper clippings  and other historical data that shows it. Even  


  • the great American philosopher Henry David  Thoreau wrote about the vampire superstition


  • In 1959, he wrote, “The savage in man is never  quite eradicated. I have just read of a family  


  • in Vermontwho, several of its members having  died of consumption, just burned the lungs and  


  • heart and liver of the last deceased, in  order to prevent any more from having it.” 


  • There is evidence that it wasn't only the  ignorant locals that got down with burning  


  • parts of corpses, sometimes local doctors  and even members of the church gave their  


  • blessing or even took part in the ceremonies. The people were not possessed by any kind of  


  • evil spirit, and we think that we don't need to  point that out to you. What they were dying of was  

    悪霊であり 指摘するまでもないと考えています彼らが死にかけていたのは

  • tuberculosis, which was then called consumptionIn towns throughout the North East of the U.S,  

    結核は当時消費と呼ばれていました アメリカの北東部各地の町では

  • many of them blighted with abject  poverty, this disease was killing  


  • about a quarter of the people in the 1800s. The problem back then was that there was no  


  • cure for this disease and it wasn't understood  very well, so the townsfolk were pretty much  


  • constantly worried out of their minds. Organ  burning was their only hopealbeit one that  


  • was macabre, unholy, and just plain wrong. But then what could they do? People would  


  • watch in terror as their once healthy  family members became horribly feverish  


  • and later started coughing up blood. This is  how it was described by one writer back then


  • The emaciated figure strikes one with terror. The  forehead covered with drops of sweat; the cheeks  


  • painted with a livid crimson, the eyes sunk.” They'd then start coughing up blood and it  


  • seemed to onlookers that blood  was being drained from them


  • What kind of evil thing would do suchthing? A vampire of course. These people,  


  • isolated as they were from most of the  world, did in fact believe in evil spirits.  


  • They hung things in their houses to ward off  the devilsome of them even thought that dead  


  • people bled when in the presence of the person  that killed them. How's that for police work… 


  • It wasn't always the family that wanted to exhume  the bodies to save the rest of the members,  


  • but pressure came from the people  of the town. They didn't want those  


  • undead to enter their houses. It was simply  a case of mass hysteria in a time when many  


  • seemingly healthy people were dying. It was the  historical equivalent of hoarding toilet paper


  • To be fair to the townsfolk, there was nothing  they could have done to save the victims. There  


  • was no cure until the 1940s, and until thenpeople died a horrible death, and indeed,  


  • it seemed that something sinister was draining  the blood and lifeforce from entire families

    何か不吉なものが 家族全員の血と生命力を 奪っているようでした

  • They prayed and prayed and said things  like, “I blow the wind of God on you. You  


  • are destroyed forever, and you'll never be back.”  Unfortunately, their prayers were never answered,  

    "永遠に破壊されて二度と戻れない" 残念ながら、彼らの祈りは答えられなかった。

  • so they went after the devil by themselves. Are people still superstitious in those parts?  


  • Well, there are rumors right now that  when the spirit of Mercy hangs around,  


  • a person's olfactory sense notices the sweet smell  of roses. In the cemetery where she's buried,  


  • some people believe her voice can still be heardAs for the devil...he's still doing his dastardly  

    まだ彼女の声が聞こえると信じている人もいます。 悪魔は...彼はまだ卑劣なことをしている。

  • business for a lot of people in those parts. Now you really have to watch, US Soldiers  


  • Use Vampires To Terrify Enemies. Orwatch this one insteadif you dare.


People were dropping like flies; the  young, the middle-aged and the old.  



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B1 中級 日本語 吸血 遺体 人々 マーシー 心臓 悪霊

アメリカの吸血鬼発生問題 (USA Vampire Outbreak Problem)

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    Summer に公開 2020 年 10 月 22 日