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  • the Creek's Marina, the terrifying naval force of the Third Reich during World War Two, manned by over 800,000 soldiers at its peak with 22 of the particularly feared destroyer class vessels at its disposal.


  • Even one of these would be a formidable opponent.


  • But several Nazi destroyer ship zeroing in on an allied convoy.


  • Boy, you are really in trouble.


  • Today.


  • A squadron of destroyers approach their prey, preparing for an easy victory until they see a huge shape on the horizon.


  • A Nazi commander on the deck asks.


  • Is that an iceberg?


  • No, no, it couldn't possibly be.


  • Wait, is that.


  • But then it's already too late for this hapless Vermont battalion, as dozens of British Spitfires and mosquito bombers seemed to spill out of this massive iceberg bombing and machine gunning the shocked Nazi destroyers into submission.


  • How is this possible?


  • Where did they all come from?


  • Where some of the Craig's marinas, most terrifying ships just brought to their knees by a rogue iceberg?


  • Well, not quite.


  • What we just described was the intended result of Project Tobacco, a crazy brainchild of the British military during World War Two, The Grand plan, an aircraft carrier made of ice project Tobacco was a piece of deranged military beauty.


  • Two miles long, 200 ft deep and 300 ft wide across the beam.


  • The project Tobacco aircraft carrier could carry 200 Spitfires, 100 mosquito bombers, 404 British military officers and 3216 petty officers, soldiers and workers.

    プロジェクト タバコ空母は、200のスピットファイア、100の蚊爆撃機、404の英国軍将校と3216の小役人、兵士、労働者を運ぶことができました。

  • This icy beast would be around twice the size of your average aircraft carrier even today, and would be constructed with a practically magical New wonder material pie Crete, a frozen alloy constructed of 14% sawdust and 86% pure ice.


  • The project tobacco aircraft carrier was a creation unlike anything military history has ever seen and would remain to be unlike anything ever seen again.


  • You're probably wondering outcome.


  • I've never heard of this.


  • That's because the hare brained plan never truly saw the light of day.


  • But it doesn't make it any less fascinating.


  • It goes without saying that in addition to being some of history's biggest monsters, the Nazis were also huge weirdos, from the sickening experiments of mad men like Joseph Mengele to the absurd and often impractical under vata super weapons, Nazi military plans were quantifiable, crazy and sometimes to defeat crazy.


  • You have to be a little crazy yourself.


  • The particular kind of crazy that fueled Project Tobacco came to us courtesy of one Mr Geoffrey Pyke.

    特定の種類の狂ったようにプロジェクトタバコを燃料にした 1人のジェフリー・パイク氏の好意で私たちに来ました。

  • Pyke was the kind of guy you'd love to have a beer with.


  • Seeing as spearheading the creation of an iceberg aircraft carrier is only one of the many interesting things he did in his life.


  • He escaped a German internment camp in World War One.


  • After a near death experience, he spied on Nazi Germany despite being Jewish and thus an extreme danger to find out what the German people really thought of Hitler and worked on Operation Plow, which was an attempt to use another one of pikes wacky inventions to help liberate Norway from Nazi control.


  • With the incredible resume of a prison breaker, rebel journalist, spy strategist and inventor, Pike made an extremely valuable friend, Admiral Louis Mountbatten.


  • Mountbatten thought that Pike was a mad genius and believed that his strange strategic mind could be an asset to the British war effort.


  • Thankfully for Pike, Mountbatten was the chief of combined operations, a department of the British War office tasked with planning attacks on the Nazi forces in Europe.


  • It was during his work on the aforementioned project Plow in the United States that Pike was hit by a bolt of inspiration.


  • They were running out of aluminum and steel and cultivating mawr of it was both time consuming and costly.


  • But do you know what sturdy material is an awful lot easier to make?


  • Ice ice could be manufactured for only a fraction of the energy it took to manufacture workable steel.


  • And numerous case studies had shown naturally occurring icebergs decimating thought to be unsinkable ships.


  • If nine times out of 10 icebergs beat ships, Pike thought, why not make an iceberg ship hike was so enthusiastic about the idea that he didn't even wait to get back to England to share it, he wrote about his plans and sealed them in a diplomatic bag with a written note that was only to be opened and read by Louis Mountbatten.


  • Thea Admiral, who seemed to be enamored with the idea that Pipe came up with, immediately took the proposal to the British prime minister, Winston Churchill.


  • Churchill was apparently taken with the idea to and gave Pike in Mountbatten the go ahead to further explore the idea of an iceberg aircraft carrier.


  • This wasn't the first time a floating ice micro island for storing planes have been pitched as a similar concept was suggested by German scientist Dr Gorka all the way back in 1930 in every iteration.


  • Since then, the idea had essentially been laughed off.


  • Hiking Mountbatten.


  • We're the only ones crazy enough to actually go through with it.


  • But of course, for every crazy dreamer, you need some more down to earth experts to keep their feet on the ground.


  • Max Parachutes, a Nobel Prize winning molecular biologist, was brought in to assess the feasibility of Pikes Floating Ice Fortress.


  • Sadly for Pike, parents didn't see much merit in the idea, as natural icebergs have only a tiny portion of their overall surface area above the water and were prone to tipping.


  • While this isn't a problem for an iceberg, it would be a catastrophe for an aircraft carrier to make this whole idea work.


  • An entirely new substance would need to be created in that entirely new substance was piped Crete Pike's sub zero ice sawdust alloy.


  • It was stronger, melted slower, and most importantly of all, was significantly more buoyant.


  • Pike Creek also had the miraculously properties of being able to be carved like wood and set into shapes like metal, making it ideal for pikes ambitious construction project.


  • However, parrots once again found out potentially devastating drawback.


  • The entire structure would sag, if not constantly cool.


  • In order to solve this project, tobacco would need fitted external insulation and an interior ducting system and refrigeration plant.


  • This would keep the carrier at a perpetually stable temperature and prevent potentially deadly sagging research on Project A Back again.


  • The Pike Creek that made it possible continued in secret under the Smithfield meat Market in London, where Pike in Peru, its took advantage of the pre existing walk in meat freezers.


  • If it wasn't absurd enough already, the secret experiments were literally hidden behind a wall of hanging frozen meat.


  • But things were about to take another insane step forward.


  • A za coalition of British and Canadian engineers began constructing a large scale model in Jasper National Park of Alberta, Canada, even at only 60 by 30 ft, a minuscule fraction of the intended size of the final carrier.


  • The model still weighed around 1000 tons.


  • Testing was rigorous, with the main areas of focus being nailing the proper insulation and refrigeration techniques to make project a backache seaworthy and the artillery and ballistics defense to keep it above water during battle.


  • Grunt work of creating this huge model was performed by conscientious objectors to the war who didn't even know what they were making, though even the top brass behind this clandestine military project probably harbor doubts about what they were doing.


  • All except Jeffrey Pyke, the true believer behind it all.


  • He was watching his crazy dream come to life in real time.


  • However, in April of 1943 Pikes Dream Project ran into trouble.


  • Parrots who had just discovered the perfect 14 to 86 sawdust ice ratio for Pike Creek back in the UK, gave the grim warning to Pike that they have no hope of hitting their 1944 deadline.


  • If tests were completed by May and the cost of project, the back was running into the multi million's, with mawr outlays for steel reinforcement and insulation around the hall.


  • It was quickly becoming clear that if they comparatively tiny scale model was such a huge financial drain.


  • The rial thing would run up some truly monstrous costs.


  • The whole planning and production process played out kind of like a bizarre dark comedy during the 1943 Quebec Conference where leaders of the Allied forces gathered in Quebec.


  • Ah, particularly strange incident played out.


  • Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Roosevelt gathered to see a demonstration of the strength and durability of Pike Creek from Lord Mountbatten.


  • In order to show the two world leaders how resistant the Pike Creek was to conventional arms fire, he pulled out his service pistol and blasted it, sending the bullet ricocheting around the room, according to the diary of one of the witnesses field Marshall Allen Brooke.


  • The bullet rebounded out of the block and buzzed round our legs like an angry be according to Max Peru.


  • It's a similar Pike Creek ricochet Incident almost saw Alan Brooke shot again and combined operations headquarters back in England.

    それは似たようなパイククリークの跳ね返り事件だ アラン・ブルックが再び撃たれたのを見て イギリスに戻って作戦本部を統合した。

  • It was a little less saving Private Ryan in a little more Monty Python, but things were about to get a whole lot worse for Project a backup.


  • After the Canadian engineers said it was impossible to get the project, Tabaka carrier finished in 1944 Pike Superiors at Combined Operations headquarters felt they needed American funding and participation toe.


  • Ever get this project finished?


  • While the American government was willing to pitch in and get their own awesome iceberg aircraft carrier for their trouble, their involvement came with a pretty heavy caveat for one member of the team, Jeffrey Pyke, the man behind all this had to go while Lord Mountbatten was a big fan of pikes eccentric style and is off the walls ideas theme Erica forces were not.


  • He left a bad taste in their mouth after the failure of Project Plow, causing a rift between him and the United States Army personnel.


  • Some of the top brass at combined operations, such as Pike's old friend John Bernal, had also grown tired of the bizarre inventors antics and supported the motion to remove him from the project.


  • Much to his dismay, Pike was removed and excluded from the project he'd conceived, and the work went on without him under the control of Bernal and Peru s.


  • As the demands placed on the project, tobacco aircraft carrier grew, the cost continued to grow with them.


  • The hull was made 40 ft thick to protect from torpedoes fired by German U boats.


  • The engineers had to figure out how to create a 100 ft rudder to steer the epic Berg ship spoilers.


  • They did not, and combined operations had to choose between Pikes original design or the three designs presented to them by the Canadian naval Architects and engineers.


  • The whole project was becoming a chaotic mess, and criticisms from all sides were beginning to pile up.


  • But the team persisted.


  • Of course, effort and persistence can only take you so far, and not every seemingly great idea is destined to be fulfilled and practice The project.

    もちろん、努力と粘り強さは、あなたをここまでしか連れて行ってくれませんし、一見偉大に見えるアイデアがすべて達成され、実践される運命にあるわけではありません。 プロジェクトを実践します。

  • Tabaka carrier had some huge issues.


  • For example, because of its insane size, the carrier would only be able to travel it around six knots per hour compared to the typical 30 knots of your standard aircraft carrier, the sheer amount of sawdust pulp it would take to create all the pie.


  • Crete would have crippled al I paper production during the war, and the sheer cost of creating even one project tobacco aircraft carrier would equal the time, financial cost and re sources of constructing a whole fleet of more conventional ships.


  • By December of 1943 it was finally concluded that project tobacco aircraft carriers were too expensive and too impractical to ever be fully conceived.


  • Even Admiral Mountbatten, one of the first figures of the combined operations headquarters to believe in Pike's idea, finally withdrew from the project.


  • This was officially the end of Pikes Frosty Dreams, and sadly, it wasn't all that long before the end of him, too.


  • Jeffrey Pyke would take his own life with an overdose of sleeping pills in 1948 a mere five years after the end of his most strange and fantastical idea.


  • Over the course of three hot summers, the 60 ft prototype was melted back down to nothing.


  • Could this incredible iceberg aircraft carrier have turned the tide of the war even sooner?


  • Well, nobody can really know.


  • As the last of the Axis Powers surrendered only two years later in 1945 the one thing can't be denied.


  • While his life might have ended tragically and his ideas went down in history, Maura's curiosity is than life changing innovations the world needs and always has needed people like Geoffrey Pyke.


  • After all, if you wanna have a great idea.


  • Sometimes you need to be a little bit crazy.


  • Check out there Who fought alongside soldiers in World War Two and Mad Jack, a real life World War two madman for more crazy World War Two fax.


the Creek's Marina, the terrifying naval force of the Third Reich during World War Two, manned by over 800,000 soldiers at its peak with 22 of the particularly feared destroyer class vessels at its disposal.



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B2 中上級 日本語 空母 プロジェクト 氷山 タバコ ナチス アイデア

ヒトラーを倒すために設計された氷山の空母 (Iceberg Aircraft Carrier Designed to Take Down Hitler)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2020 年 10 月 21 日