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  • INTRODUCTION: Welcome toSpeaking of Science”, the

  • National Institute of Mental Health presents a series of conversations with innovative

  • researchers working in a wide range of disciplines to pave the way for the prevention, recovery,

  • and cure of mental illness.

  • NARRATOR: The world has watched and responded to tragic events of unimaginable scale. There

  • were the powerful hurricanes that left much of the United States gulf coast in ruins.

  • And most recently the devastating earthquake in Haiti. And for nearly a decade, Americans

  • have been at war in two countries, with many veterans experiencing life threatening combat.

  • In spite of these exceptional, emotional challenges, most people have managed to find a way to

  • cope with these traumatic events. However, there are growing numbers of individuals suffering

  • from the debilitating symptoms of PTSDPOST Traumatic Stress Disorder.

  • DR. TUMA: One of the most challenging problems is understanding among all those people who

  • are trauma exposed and have those acute reactions, who is likely to not have that recovery trajectory,

  • or to get better essentially on their own without formal treatment or intervention.

  • NARRATOR: The National Institute of Mental Health is at the forefront of research efforts

  • designed to better understand who among us is most susceptible to PTSDand what can

  • be done to successfully treat the disorder.

  • DR. TUMA: For most people who are experiencing those acute reactions having a generally supportive

  • non judgmental family member colleague, community member, perhaps someone associated clergy

  • person to talk to and confide in is pretty helpful for most people.

  • NARRATOR: But for some people, professional treatment may be a necessity.

  • DR. HEINSSEN: If after a period of time the distress that youre experiencing isn’t

  • going away, that’s a good time to talk to a mental health professional and it may help

  • in talking to those individuals to use some of the resources that are available on the

  • NIMH website that describe traumatic stress reactions and treatments, to have an educated

  • discussion with your caretaker about your treatment options.

  • NARRATOR: In recent years, the military and specifically the United States Army have developed

  • heightened concern over the scope of military personnel who have exhibited severe PTSD symptoms

  • DR. HEINSSEN: In over several consecutive years weve seen a systematic increase in

  • the rate of suicide among soldiers in the Army. The army has taken this very very seriously

  • in looking at ways that they can understand the problem and try to get ahead of it. It

  • was a little over a year ago in June 2008 that the army reached out to NIMH and said

  • rather courageously I think thatwere putting a lot of effort to try to understand

  • this problem, but we want to make sure that were not missing anything." Any resource

  • that we can bring to bare we want to bring to bare.

  • NARRATOR: NIMH scientists teamed with researchers from the Army, Uniformed Services University,

  • Harvard, Columbia and Michigan for an unprecedented research effort.

  • DR. HEINSSEN: We think that this study which is going to follow a large number of soldiers,

  • were talking about close to four hundred thousand soldiers over the course of their

  • career in the army that will be able to describe the pathway. Pathways to resilience, pathways

  • to distress and pathways to suicide that are going to give us unique opportunities for

  • intervening very early in the process.

  • NARRATOR: The hope is results from this extraordinary research project will help, not only military

  • veterans but people all over the world suffering from the effects of natural and man-made disasters.

INTRODUCTION: Welcome toSpeaking of Science”, the


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B1 中級

PTSD。ストレスとレジリエンス (PTSD: Stress and Resilience)

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    Ingo Yang に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日