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  • seventy four thousand years ago

  • in indonesia

  • gigantic volcanic eruption

  • either

  • people asking the trial was a full-time international switches to the supreme

  • council of economic sense

  • attributable global panicked winter

  • and

  • the crater left behind by the some russian

  • was larger than the city of london

  • police was no ordinary eruption

  • it was a super corruption

  • at the time

  • the human race was in its infancy for just a few thousand people kya pine the

  • planet

  • but what is the next half of the russians occurred in the heart of the

  • country system to three hundred million people

  • if we see one of the issues that because the defense today particularly in

  • industrialized country for example and another civilian is good

  • then the effects would be devastating not only that computer for the the whole

  • family

  • this is a rupture

  • the consequences

  • could be catastrophic there is some isn't constantly completely devastated

  • the load effects is groups

  • and by consulting with leading geologist invoking allah just from research

  • institutes all around the world

  • this program costs the question

  • how unlikely isn't

  • the pianist in super bowl canaan

  • one arrest in our lifetime

  • forth with the warning signs p

  • when most people think about forty minutes

  • they think about ones like mount saint helens here

  • don t ninety

  • freeway conduct online forms for approval one hundred and twenty years

  • with the explosive power form of some of our methods

  • second

  • blasted a huge clouds of foam comic every twenty kilometers high into the

  • atmosphere

  • and obliterated the surrounding landscape

  • it was the most violent eruption in modern american history

  • maybe twenty five years later the there is still hasn't recovered

  • but this is nothing compared to the devastation that could be unleashed

  • by super corruption

  • asleep eruption is the world's biggest bag

  • it's a volcanic explosion big enough to do a loaf all of us

  • and with the restriction after fake everyone on the planet

  • pad

  • conference table

  • another characteristic that sits at the volcanoes apart

  • the same invisibility

  • normal volcanoes about classic handshake

  • and mount saint helens is an excellent example of that

  • super volcano is on the other hand of very flat buying structures that very

  • difficult to detect and we may not even know today

  • possible insist

  • after interrupted

  • when the underground chamber molten rock

  • collapses

  • leaving behind a creature in the granite

  • called account and

  • so fast of his countenance

  • pecan often

  • i'm delighted to find constraints

  • super bowl games have been found in internees year

  • but the world's most recent super eruption someplace dot in new zealand

  • and in south america

  • val even very engine company risk in britain

  • but like most superbowl cannons

  • their long extinct

  • one of the exceptions however

  • is the yellowstone super volcano

  • yellowstone

  • is america's most famous

  • unpopular national park

  • over three million visitors a traumatic every year

  • trip ma the biggest collection of hydrothermal features on the planet

  • a few people realize however

  • is that this spectacular display

  • is powered by a potentially deadly force

  • that lies just a few kilometers

  • beneath their feet

  • there is such a tremendous collection because this is

  • afterall sitting on top of

  • the large reservoir meghna

  • heats the rocks keeps the wires fuels the system

  • purchasing people going to yellowstone holidaying fixation with

  • the really surprised to know that they were walking a volcano which was close

  • to a hundred kilometers across

  • today pianist in super bowl came in

  • even in installments state

  • is an extremely hazardous and volatile environment

  • the huge reservoir of maxon beneath the ground

  • heats the overlying water

  • giving rise to the polling hot springs

  • cousins models

  • injured and killed

  • unsuspecting tourists

  • then of course as the ever-present threat of the future of all kind of

  • corruption

  • interruption the kabhi anything from a small flow of lava

  • to the biggest and most explosive eruption

  • off the mall

  • recent erupted fifty devastated

  • they were small eruptions maybe every twenty to thirty thousand years that we

  • have seen anything for seventy thousand that mike might tell you something was a

  • veggie

  • it's also said some of its gonna be another sleep eruption somewhere on the

  • planet

  • whether they'll be another one of yellowstone is still questionable

  • there's a reason which also will be

  • they would in fact of the cat throughout its history than august stopped

  • occurring just because we the people missing

  • because the world's last super eruption occurred over seventy thousand years ago

  • it's difficult to know what to expect from the next point

  • to

  • intriguing because archaeologists working in the town of all chipped in

  • nebraska

  • who first discovered evidence

  • just how devastating

  • super eruptions compete

  • a compost skeletons hundreds of prehistoric animals blueberries domestic

  • blanket

  • of folk and a catch

  • when scientists eventually trace the eruption that killed the animals

  • they had a shock

  • the volcano responsible

  • was at a place called bruno job ridge in hideout

  • an astonishing one thousand six hundred kilometers away from the fossil bird

  • in nebraska

  • the disturbing thing is

  • the power of the fueled the bruno job interruption

  • is now feeling the volcanic system

  • under yellowstone national park

  • meaning

  • many of the world for pain is in a treated ran the margins of the tectonic

  • plates which make up the v_ chip

  • out the kind of pace for the planet together stands it is a bit different

  • yell if any shipping above post-cold hot spot

  • and here you have

  • uh... hot mathilde bs mantle coming up with hitting the base of the s crust and

  • melting

  • hostels

  • is affixed point

  • deep within the earth's interior

  • over which the north american plagues

  • slowly move

  • it melts the overlying crossed

  • to create a huge chain of molten rock

  • on nightline

  • which eventually accumulates

  • to produce a super induction

  • po for millions of years

  • the super eruptions

  • have left a trail of couse there is only scratched

  • bruno job bridge

  • is wonderful

  • over two million years ago

  • hosp authorized beneath yellowstone

  • avenue cyclists who put their options

  • there

  • as the scientist in charge of the day on the stand for children since the trip

  • jekyll island stir expert in the box volcanic potential

  • pressed the valley we see this note clad range

  • gallen reached and he's a rockstar far older than the yellowstone volcano

  • what's up

  • when you get to the south end of the range

  • that's where the car they re begins for the two point one million year old

  • around

  • there's an enormous gap in the mountain range

  • where it crosses the caldera formed by the first super eruption

  • for years

  • scientists

  • couldn't work out line

  • it appears that what happened is that the range did exist during that time

  • and that it was essentially swallowed up in formation of the collabera two point

  • one million years ago

  • says that the mountain century disappear

  • interruption capable of swallowing eighteen kilometers stretch of mountains

  • is beyond anything we've ever witnessed before

  • since then

  • boasting to more super corruption is concerned

  • one point three million years ago

  • and six hundred and forty thousand together

  • disturbingly

  • these eruptions appears to be honest cycle

  • between six hundred to seven hundred thousand years

  • and the last one

  • was six hundred and forty

  • thousand years ago

  • good enough of the imminent

  • she very difficult to say for sure what's happening and nathalie volcanoes

  • canister

  • it could be that the mexican election

  • his another hundred passes from now

  • competing

  • infantrymen brewing a few other stuff

  • for with the warning signs the

  • skies of based solely on a stone stressed popular tourist attractions

  • let in the summer of two thousand and three springsteen's to happen here

  • ground temperatures salt to boiling point

  • several guys has started to rub more frequently and a new series of things

  • opened up

  • spewing out

  • scorching photonic gases

  • closure was put into place immediately over the uh... area that have been at

  • the new thermal feature that was

  • spewing now boiling temperature city tonight on to the trail so we viewed it

  • it was unsafe for visitors to be walking through the area

  • trees are starting to died the trail was looking very very different

  • because dean was actually convincing on the surface of the trail

  • the stranger fence also appear to have an effect on the local wildlife

  • and just about done

  • twelve little bit more than half my alert kilometer behind me

  • five

  • ison all within about forty five meter radius of each other that we're just

  • fallen over

  • they have right where they stand

  • and so it turned into a bit of a mystery

  • scientists descended on to the area to try to work out what was going on

  • we went there and started looking at the geology measured very very high levels

  • of hydrogen sulfide and then when jake was that he really are

  • this summer in asia it's an extremely high concentration levels of carbon

  • dioxide

  • it's test results pointed to the price sometimes explosives

  • and items so far it's jumped up and down outside items gases sunday night

  • black escaped from the chamber andy making its way to the surface

  • there's another mobile field science mathematics rising kit prior to our

  • options we're looking for ground information movement that the ground

  • affords

  • it indicates that make mister price in

  • towards the surface and deforming rock as it goes

  • to keep track of improvement that the other students

  • scientists use g_p_s_ instruments

  • and a new highly advanced techniques cold inside

  • desires to sell a basic knowledge in

  • you're looking at the distance between the satellite and a point on the ground

  • you get one image and then you can compare it to another image taken it a

  • different time and by comparing those two images that you can see how much

  • each point in the ground has moved with respect to the satellite

  • when scientists analyzed the inside data further north spacesuit

  • they were surprised

  • one of the scientists here's a look at the gate and compared it with earlier

  • years nineteen ninety-six and saw that they have been sent up within the

  • northern part of the yellowstone collabera

  • centered around here not far from the north geyser basin and this was unusual

  • because it was a different area than the effort witnessed uplifting before

  • their data shows but over the last seven years ground-up numbers has been

  • steadily uplifting

  • should they be wiring

  • there at least two possibilities for why we might get tough with at norris

  • one possibility is that somewhere deep in the system ten to fifteen kilometers

  • there is a small injection of magma

  • that's pushing rock out of the way and causes a mud

  • another possibility is that gas build-up is causing some of the applicant asking

  • to be coming from the magma

  • or from the hydrothermal systems

  • did take the phenomena