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動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
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- [Director] Action.
(tapping)
You're at a bar catching up with a friend
you haven't seen in months.
- Hey.
- Hi.
- [Director] The bartender brings you your drinks,
and right before you take a sip,
the two of you touch glasses and say,
- Cheers, - Cheers.
(glasses clink) (jazzy music)
- [Director] Why does this happen?
Do either of you know where this comes from?
- Yes, actually.
- [Director] If you know it don't say it.
- Why don't, what?
You just asked me if I know?
(laughs)
I think I do.
- I think I know too.
- You think you know also?
Should we say it?
Should we say it? - [Director] So what
do you think it is?
- It's a longer, - because,
(fast forward)
- [Director] Okay, you're right about that
but where does saying "cheers" come from?
- It's a TV show.
(laughs) (applauds)
- Which came first, the TV show?
I don't know.
(trumpet music) - [Director] The word "cheers"
comes from the old french word for "face",
"chiere".
- Cher?
We should just yell "face".
(laughs) - Face!
- Face!
- [Director] Cheer evolved over time
to mean mood or expression,
and later went on to mean "A good mood".
But the exact timing of the origin of the word "cheers"
as a toast is debated.
- I think I cracked the glass a little bit.
- How? - When I was "cheers"ing
too hard. I don't know.
- [Director] According to Miriam Webster,
the first use of the word "cheers" as a toast
was in 1930.
However, Oxford English Dictionary contends
that the phrase "cheers" came into use earlier
during World War One.
- World War One.
I thought it would be older.
I'm thinking like,
- Kings-- - Medieval times.
- Yeah, Medieval, like - Like
- Cheers! - Cheers!
- [Director] Historians speculate that the origin
of the contemporary toast was the Greek practice
of pouring out some of one's drink
to honor the Gods.
- Pour one out.
- Pour one out!
What a mess!
- Yeah.
- Don't do that at my house, please.
- Wait, for the Gods?
Like the Gods would ...
Drink the floor drink?
(classical harp music)
Pour one out for Zeus!
(drinks pouring on the floor)
- Like Santa.
(twinkling music) Like leaving cookies
out for him. - Yeah.
- Can you imagine if you had to throw
cookies and milk on the floor for Santa?
(laughs)
Unh! (cookies hit the floor)
- There you go, Santa.
(laughs)
- [Director] Legend has it that the original purpose
of the glass clinking was to keep away evil spirits,
including the evil spirits thought to be responsible
for making people drunk.
- Oh!
So if you cheers, you won't be drunk?
That's bull-- (bleep)
- So they're like, "But why am I getting ...
Stupid all the time?" - Yeah.
They're like, "Oh why-- - It's 'cause of
the evil spirits! - Do my limbs feel weird?"
- Let's clink our glasses-- - It must
- They hate high pitched noises.
- [Director] Author Douglas B. Smith
suggests that people clink their glasses together
prior to drinking because in the past,
people would attempt to murder their enemies
by poisoning their drinks. - Yeah.
Knew that.
(rewinding) They would cheers and then,
some of my drink would go in your drink,
and your drink would go in my drink to make sure
we weren't poisoning each other.
- That's what my-- - Is that also
what you heard? - Belief. Yes.
- Called it.
(vigorous classical music) I mean,
it happens in 'Game of Thrones'.
When they pour each other drinks and they're like ...
They don't drink until after - Yeah.
- You drink. - Yeah, yeah.
- It happens. - I think it's a weird
social game.
- No one is safe.
(dramatic music)
(jazzy music) - [Director] The word "toast"
itself has a strange back story.
Stemming from the practice of dropping
a piece of charred or spiced toast in wine
to make the drink taste better.
(toaster spring)
- Cheers the toast. - Cheers the toast.
- And you just drop it in?
Attention!
A toast! (laughs)
- I'd like to raise a toast.
- Hey!
(laughs)
Yeah, it tastes like toast. - There's definitely a
crack in this.
- [Director] In the 1700s, the word 'toast' evolved
to also mean the person being honored by the toast,
leading to the phrase, 'Toast of the Town'.
- Oh.
- [Director] First century C.E. poet,
Martial,
detailed the Roman practice of having guests drink
as many glasses of wine as there were letters
in their hosts' mistress' name.
- Stephanie was the most popular girl
in their town. (laughs)
- That's a long name. - And Al was just,
no one was showing up to his parties.
- Where'd Brad go?
Ah, he went down at the 'P'.
He's done.
- Yeah. - Didn't make it.
- Don't even have to worry about the poison
when you're just choking on toast the whole time.
- [Director] And over the years the custom evolved,
and people no longer drank entire glasses during a toast,
instead, taking a small sip of their drinks,
or even just making eye contact
with the person being toasted was enough.
- It's like a greeting.
Cheers, mate.
Like, "Cheers" - Cheers.
So people use it as their - Hi, Cheers.
- Sign off on their emails. - Yes.
Mm-hmm (affirmative) - I'm like,
this guy.
- Cheers!
- Cheers!
Jonathan.
- [Woman] Hey, if you can get this back to me
by the end of today, that would be really great.
Cheers! - [Man] Cheers!
(dreamy jazz music)
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

なんで乾杯するとき cheers って言うの?

28 タグ追加 保存
Mahiro Kitauchi 2020 年 7 月 7 日 に公開
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