字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Chris Anderson asked me if I could put the last 25 years of anti poverty campaigning into 10 minutes for Ted. That's an Englishman asking an Irishman to be succinct. I said, Uh, I said, Chris, that would take a miracle. He said, Bono, Wouldn't that be a good use of your Messianic complex? So, yeah, and I thought, Let's go even further. Let's go Been 25 years. Let's go back before Christ. Three millennia to a time when, at least in my head, the journey for justice, the march against inequality and poverty really began 3000 years ago. Civilization just getting started on the banks of the Nile. Some slaves, Jewish shepherds in this instance, smelling of sheep Shit, I guess proclaimed to the pharaoh sitting high on his throne. We, Your Majesty, nous are equal to you. And the Pharaoh replies, Oh, no, You your miserable nous have got to be kidding and they see No, no, that that's what it says here in our holy book, Cut to our century. Same country, same pyramids, another people spreading the same idea of equality with a different book. This time it's called the Facebook crowds gathered in Terrier Square. They turn a social network from virtual to actual and kind of rebooted the 21st century Not to undersell how messy and ugly the aftermath of the Arab spring is being neither to over sell the role of technology. But these things have given a sense of what's possible when the age old model of power, the pyramid gets turned upside down, putting the people on top and the pharaohs of today on the bottom, as it were. It's also shown us that something as powerful as information and the sharing of it can challenge inequality, cause facts like people want to be free and when they're free. Liberty is usually around the corner, even for the poorest of the poor facts that can challenge cynicism and the apathy that leads to inertia, facts that tell us what's working and, more importantly, what's not. So we can fix it facts that if we hear them and heed them, could help us meet the challenge that Nelson Mandela made back in 2005 when he asked us to be that great generation that overcomes that most awful offense to humanity. Extreme poverty facts that build a powerful momentum. So I thought, Forget the rock up. Uh, forget the bombast. My usual tricks. The only thing singing today would be the facts, for I have truly embraced my inner nerd. So exit the rock star, Enter the evidence based activist The fact of ist Andi and was the because What the facts are telling us is that the long, slow journey humanity's long, slow journey of equality is actually speeding up. Look at what's being achieved. Look at the pictures these data sets print. Since the year 2000 since the turn of the millennium, there are eight million more AIDS patients getting lifesaving anti retroviral drugs. Malaria. There are eight countries in sub Saharan Africa that have their death rates cut by 75% for kids under five. Child mortality kids under five. It's down by 2.65 million a year. That's a rate of 7256 Children's lives saved each day. Wow! Wow, Let's just stop for a second, actually, and think about that. Have you read anything anywhere in the last week that is remotely as important as that number? Wow, great news. It drives me nuts that most people don't seem to know this news. 7000 kids a day. Here's two of them, says Michael and and Benedict er on DA There alive, thanks in large part to Dr Patricia S. Samoa. She's amazing on the global fund, which all of you financially support whether you know it or not. On Global Fund provides anti retroviral drugs that stop mothers from passing HIV to their kids. This fantastic news didn't happen by itself. It was fought for it was campaigned for. It was innovated for on this great news gives birth to even more great news because the historic trend is this. The number of people living in back breaking, soul crushing extreme poverty has declined from 43% off the world's population in 1990 to 33% by 2000 and then to 21 percent by 2010. Give it up for that. Now the rate is still too high. Still, too many people unnecessarily losing their lives. There's still work to do, but it's it's it's heart stopping. It's mind blowing stuff. And if you live on less than a dollar 25 a day, if you live in that kind of poverty. This is not just data. This is everything. If you're a parent who wants the best for your kids and I am, this rapid transition is a route out of despair, on into hope. And guess what if the trajectory continues? Look where the amount of people living on a dollar 25 a day gets to by 2030 can't be true, can it? That's what the data is telling us. If the trajectory continues, we get to wow the zero zone for number crunchers like us, that is the erogenous zone. And it's fair to say that I am by now sexually aroused by the collating of data. So virtual elimination of extreme poverty as defined by people living on less than a dollar 25 cents a day, adjusted off course for inflation from a 1990 baseline. We do love a good baseline. That's amazing. Now I know that some of you think this progress is old in Asia or Latin America, or model countries like Brazil and who doesn't love a Brazilian model. But look at sub Saharan Africa is a collection of 10 countries. Some call them the Lions who in the last decade have had a combination of 100% debt cancellation, a tripling of aid, a tenfold increase in FBI. That's foreign direct investment, which has unlocked a quadrupling of domestic resources. That's local money, which, when spent wisely, that's good governance. Could childhood mortality by 1/3 doubled education? Completion rates on Day two halved extreme poverty on. At this rate, these 10 get 202 So the pride of lions is the proof of concept. There are all kinds of benefits to this. For a start, you won't have to listen to an insufferable little jumped up Jesus like myself. How about that? On 2028? 2030? It's just around the corner. I mean, it's a boat. Free Rolling Stones Farewell concerts away, I hope. I'm hoping Thanks. This look really young? Um, so why aren't we jumping up and down about this? Well, the opportunity is real, but so is the jeopardy. We can't get this done until we really accept that we can get this done. Look at this graph. It's cold inertia. It's how we screw it up on the next one is really beautiful. It's called momentum Andi. It's how we can bend the arc of history down towards zero, just doing the things that we know work. So inertia versus momentum there is jeopardy. But And of course, the closer you get, it gets harder. We know the obstacles that are in our way right now in difficult times. In fact, today in your capital, in difficult times. Some who mind the nation's purse want to cut life saving programs like the Global Fund. But you can do something about that. You can tell politicians that these cuts can't cause lives right now. Today in Oslo that happens. Oil companies are fighting to keep secret their payments to governments for extracting oil in developing countries. You can do something about that, too. You can join the one campaign and leaders like Mo Ibrahim, the telecom entrepreneur. We're pushing for laws that make sure that at least some off the wealth under the ground ends up in the hands of the people living above it. And right now we know that the biggest disease of all is not a disease. It's corruption, but there's a vaccine for that, too. It's called transparency. Open data sets something the Ted community is really on it. Daylight, you could call it transparency and technology is really turbocharging this. It's getting harder to hide if you're doing bad stuff. So let me tell you about the you report some really excited. About 150,000 millennials all across Uganda. Young people armed with two G phones, an SMS social network exposing government corruption and demanding to know what's in the budget and how their money is being spent. This is exciting stuff. Look, once you have these tools, you can't not use thumb. Once you have this knowledge, you can't un know it. You can't delete this data from your brain, which you can delete the cliche aid image of supplicant impoverished peoples not taking control of their own lives. You can erase that. You really can, because it's not true. And more it's transformational. Uh, 2030 by 2030 robots not just serving us Guinness, but drinking it. By the time we get there, every place with a rough semblance of governance might actually be, you know, on their way. So I'm here to Ah yes, we're here to try and infect you with this virtuous data based virus when we called off activism. It's not gonna kill you. In fact, it it could save countless lives. I guess we in the one campaign would love you to be contagious. Spread it, share it, pass it on. By doing so, you will join us A and countless others in what I truly believe is the greatest adventure ever taken. The ever demanding journey of equality could be really be the great generation that Mandela asked us to be. Might we answer that clarion call with science with reason, with facts and dare I say it emotions? Because, as is obvious, activists have feelings, too. I'm thinking of whale going in, though some of you know him. He set up one of the Facebook groups behind the Tahrir Square in Cairo. He got thrown in jail for it, but I have his his words tattooed on my brain. We are going to win because we don't understand politics. We're going to win because we don't play their dirty games. We're going to win because we don't have a party political agenda. We're going to win because the tears that come from our eyes actually come from our hearts were going to win because we dreams. We're willing to stand up for those dreams. Whale is right. We're going to win if we work together as one because the power off the people is so much stronger than the people in power. Thank you. Thank you so much.