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  • - So, how do you choose a lens for shooting video,

  • and what do the different lenses actually look like?

  • In this video, we're gonna be looking at some examples

  • so you can find the perfect lens for your next shoot.

  • Coming up!

  • (camera snapping)

  • Hey, what's up, guys!

  • Sean here with THiNK Media,

  • bringing you the best tips and tools

  • for building your influence with online video

  • and on this channel we do a lot of tips

  • and strategy videos as well as tech gear reviews

  • and demos just like this one,

  • so if you're new here, consider subscribing.

  • And hey, at any point during the video,

  • check out show notes and links in the description below.

  • I'm gonna be talking about a lot of different gear

  • and accessories in this video so you can see

  • a whole list in the YouTube description.

  • Let's jump into the video!

  • So, if you've recently picked up a DSLR

  • or a mirrorless camera that has interchangeable lenses,

  • you might have found yourself stumped a little bit

  • as to what different lenses do and what kind of results

  • they actually give you as far as how the image looks.

  • I mean, I think that we all generally know that

  • a zoom lens can get a little bit tighter

  • and a wide lens is going to give you a wider shot,

  • but there's a few other things that go into it.

  • So, in this video we actually kind of wanna go through

  • some examples so you can actually see exactly

  • what lenses look like on certain cameras,

  • as well as share some tips along the way.

  • But first, there's three questions

  • that you wanna ask yourself when picking out a lens

  • and the first one is, what are you shooting?

  • That's your subject matter.

  • In some cases, maybe you're shooting a bride

  • or you're shooting a wedding and you're doing video

  • and you want the image to be more flattering

  • on maybe a body type or a body shape.

  • That's gonna go into lens choice.

  • The second question that you wanna ask is

  • where are you shooting?

  • Then, when you start to think about that,

  • maybe the place you're shooting is going to have

  • a low-light condition so you'll need a lens

  • that will actually do well in that.

  • Or maybe it's a really tight, constrained place

  • so even though you want a certain look,

  • you only have so much space to deal with.

  • That's going to influence your lens choice as well.

  • And then the third question to ask yourself is,

  • what is your budget?

  • Because there's a lot of amazing lenses

  • and amazing glass on the market,

  • but it also can get pretty expensive,

  • so it might be out of reach depending on

  • what project you're working on

  • or what finances you have available.

  • But in this video, we're going to be focusing mainly

  • on just the basic kit lenses

  • and actually a lot of affordable lenses,

  • kind of for creating YouTube videos,

  • but a lot of the tips and principles will apply

  • even for higher-end lenses.

  • Okay, the first lens that we're going to check out

  • is the Canon 18 to 55 kit lens.

  • So, this is the lens that you're gonna get included

  • with most DSLRs and even other brands that you would buy.

  • This is a pretty standard focal range.

  • So, let's throw it on the camera so you can actually see

  • what it looks like at the different focal lengths.

  • All right, so right now you're seeing the kit lens

  • at 18 millimeters and obviously,

  • when it's zoomed out like this, it's too far,

  • so the way we'd compose the shot is we'd move

  • the camera forward so it gets closer to me,

  • but this brings up one of the first,

  • kind of most important things about lenses

  • is that the different focal lengths

  • create different distortion in the image.

  • So what I mean is now the shot's pretty good,

  • but there's a little bit of a bending to it and actually,

  • if I'm right in the center of the image,

  • it's actually gonna make me appear a little bit thinner

  • because it's gonna kinda squeeze me down here in the middle.

  • So what you would actually want to do to kind of get a

  • different shot dynamic is move the camera backwards,

  • so we're going to go back to where it's about

  • eight to ten feet from me

  • and you can see me on the other angle here.

  • Now what we'll do is we'll actually zoom the camera in

  • to more like 55

  • or somewhere where it's a little like

  • 35 millimeters or something like that.

  • And now you're actually going to kinda create more of a

  • true-to-life body shape for your subject.

  • So what you're actually seeing right now is

  • 30 millimeters on the kit lens,

  • and so it gives you kind of a good idea

  • of how you would position the camera

  • as well as the shot.

  • And, if we wanted to kind of have the same shot composition,

  • but to see how it changes the way my body looks,

  • we can move the camera even further back

  • and then we'll zoom in all the way to 55 millimeters,

  • as far as this kit lens goes,

  • to kind of get that shot composition.

  • And again, now my whole body should be fuller

  • because of the lens compression when you're zoomed in

  • kind of gives you a whole different shot

  • and it's gonna give you less on the edges.

  • It's not gonna be a wide shot,

  • but it even changes the way your set looks,

  • but to do this you need a little more space

  • 'cause now the camera's about 15 feet away from me

  • and because we've got this mic with the wire going on,

  • we're able to actually do this.

  • But this gives you kind of an idea

  • how different focal lengths adjust how the image looks,

  • not just how large it is.

  • Now, for our next comparison

  • let's talk about vlogging a little bit.

  • Now, most vloggers typically want a wide shot.

  • If you've ever used a camera where you felt like

  • it was just right in your face 'cause

  • it was zoomed in so much,

  • that's why a lot of these point and shoot cameras

  • are pretty popular because they start pretty wide

  • but lets compare it.

  • Now, this is a Canon G7X.

  • It's a focal length of 24 millimeters

  • up to 100 millimeters

  • and the Sony RX100 and different cameras like that

  • have similar focal lengths.

  • So let's look at a shot of what 24 millimeters

  • actually would look like.

  • So, this is 24 millimeters and as you can see,

  • I have this Joby Gorillapod SLR

  • which helps me get the camera a little bit further away,

  • but you can see how far I have to hold it with my arm here,

  • as well as what the shot composition is here

  • and again, this is that 24 millimeters.

  • So, now let's cut over to

  • the Canon SL2 at 18 millimeters

  • to see the difference between 24 and 18.

  • Okay, so now we've got the Canon SL2 DSLR

  • with the kit lens at 18 millimeters

  • and so you can see kinda how far it is

  • and now here's the shot composition compared to

  • the 24 millimeter starting focal length of the G7X.

  • And so, you have a pretty good wide shot here,

  • but what's nice about having, you know, a DSLR,

  • is you could go as wide as the 10 to 18

  • to really give you a different perspective

  • and this is very popular for vloggers.

  • So again, this is 18 millimeters.

  • Now, let's check out what 10 millimeters looks like

  • on the Canon SL2 DSLR.

  • Okay, so now we've got the 10 to 18 lens on the Canon SL2

  • and so here's what this shot looks like

  • at 10 millimeters and as you can see, it's super wide.

  • But this is one reason why this kind of setup

  • is pretty popular, particularly for vlogging

  • because number one, you also don't even have to hold

  • the camera as far away.

  • In those other shots, you saw how stretched out my arm was

  • with this Gorillapod as well,

  • but you can even hold the shot in a little bit closer

  • and get still a very wide shot,

  • as you can see kind of here.

  • Now, this gives you that idea.

  • And again, with the kit lens you started at 18,

  • but you could zoom into 55.

  • This one allows you to also zoom in to 18.

  • So, if you have these two lenses,

  • you could go from 10 to 18, and then you could go from 18

  • to 55 and kind of complete focal length options

  • depending on your set-up of lenses.

  • So far we've looked at a kit lens 18 to 55,

  • we've looked at a 10 to 18 wide angle lens

  • and one of the things that we learn

  • is that no lens solves every problem.

  • That's why you've gotta ask those questions.

  • You know, what are you shooting, where are you shooting.

  • One of the things that's great about a wide angle lens

  • is you can pull off some very tight shots.

  • If you have a limited space, you can actually get

  • some pretty creative things done with it,

  • but also the wide angle lens creates kind of distortion,

  • it creates some different warping.

  • You usually wanna be a lot closer if you're a subject

  • to the wide angle lens or else you kinda get small

  • and off into the distance,

  • whereas if you can zoom in more,

  • there is less distortion

  • and it's actually a little bit more professional feeling.

  • Sometimes YouTubers, we want that wide angle vibe

  • where it kind of bends things a bit,

  • kinda has like a quirkiness,

  • kind of a cool vibe to it,

  • but if you really wanna be professional

  • and kind of have that almost film look,

  • almost, you know, that less quirky look to it,

  • that's why you, a lot of times,

  • would be using more zoomed in,

  • kind of portrait or telephoto lenses.

  • So now, let's actually cut over to some examples

  • so you can actually see side by side footage

  • and photos of what different focal lengths look like

  • and what they actually do to your subject when you use them.

  • Alright, so right now you are seeing the 10 to 18

  • at 10 millimeters, so it's a very wide shot

  • and as we've talked about,

  • it definitely creates distortion, right?

  • And it kind of, actually, probably squeezes down my face

  • a little bit, makes me a little bit thinner in the side

  • and then stretches the outside of the image

  • so when I put my arms out like this,

  • it might make them look nice and crazy.

  • So this has definitely got distortion to it,

  • so throughout this test we're gonna try

  • to keep the same shot composition,

  • but what we're gonna have to do is move

  • the camera back each time and so next up,

  • we're gonna go to the kit lens

  • and actually go to 18 millimeters

  • so you can see what that looks like.

  • Alright, so right now you're seeing

  • the kit lens at 18 millimeters.

  • So now distortion is beginning to be removed quite a bit,

  • but this is still definitely a wider angle perspective

  • and so next up, we're going to be going

  • to the 24 millimeters.

  • This is actually one of my favorite Canon lenses

  • because it's super affordable

  • and it also is a little bit faster

  • and what we mean by that is that

  • the aperture goes all the way to 2.8.

  • This camera starts at aperture at number 4,

  • that's f/4, which means it's not as good in low light,

  • so this is a great lens to have in your bag

  • if you want a little bit

  • of a blurry background on some shots

  • and you also want shots where there isn't a lot of light,

  • you're shooting at night, and you don't have lighting.

  • Situations like that.

  • Now let's go from 18 to 24.

  • Okay, so right now you are seeing the 24 millimeter lens

  • and you can get the same look just with the kit lens.

  • You could go to 24 millimeters,

  • but one of the