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動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
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These last few months it's been impossible to escape news and updates about COVID-19,
also known as the Novel Coronavirus.
While it's incredibly important to stay informed, maintain social distancing, and
wash your hands, there's also been plenty of fear mongering, exaggeration, misinformation,
and sensationalism around the disease.
Today, we're going to discuss what it's actually like to have the disease in terms
of cold, hard facts – no spin or editorialising.
All the information in this video is current as of March 21st, 2020, and because this is
a situation developing extremely quickly, we also encourage independent research.
All the information we're presenting in this video comes directly from the US Center
for Disease Control, the UK National Health Service, and the World Health Organization,
as well as official scientific studies.
We recommend also using these reliable sources if you wish to stay informed.
COVID-19 is a respiratory illness, meaning it attacks the lungs and airways.
If you've caught COVID-19, it'll be as a result of contact with another infected
individual.
For your first week to two weeks of infection, you may not display any symptoms whatsoever,
which is why exercising caution is so extremely important during this period of time.
Some people will actually remain asymptomatic - meaning they display no actual symptoms
- throughout the course of their infection.
Two studies – one published in the journal Emerging Infectious Disease, and another that
was a collaboration between Kyoto, Oxford, and Georgia State University – settled on
the possibility that around 17.9% of people suffering from COVID-19 will remain completely
asymptomatic.
If you happen to fall within this category, you're at the least risk of developing the
more severe form of the disease or undergoing serious health complications.
However, it's worth noting that being asymptomatic actually puts you at far greater risk of infecting
others through a lack of caution.
This is why, even if you think you're not infected, it's positively vital to maintain
good hygiene and social distancing.
Interestingly, the majority of asymptomatic cases appear to be in children, with 90% of
the cases of paediatric Coronavirus in China being asymptomatic to mild.
While the grand majority of people who contract COVID-19 will display symptoms, a large chunk
of those people will only experience a mild cold or flu-like virus.
According to data sets from China, around 80.9% of their cases were mild.
If you are lucky enough to fall into this category – and statistically, you're likely
to be relatively young and healthy, with little to no chronic underlying health conditions
– you're most likely to experience fever and a severe cough.
It definitely won't feel good, but you won't be under any serious threat of death from
what you're experiencing.
In a lot of cases, the disease tends to run its course within a three-week period – from
an incubation period that tends to last from five days to two weeks, and symptoms that
present for around five to seven days before the sufferer begins to recover.
Once again, if you find yourself in this position, the generally accepted advice is to contact
and inform your doctor (if possible), remain isolated, maintain good hygiene, eat and stay
hydrated, and treat issues like pain symptomatically with safe, over-the-counter medication.
According to data gathered from the Chinese outbreak, that appears to have remained consistent
for the world at large, around 13.8% of the cases appear to present severe health issues
for the sufferer.
These sufferers are likely to be older than 50, and suffer from underlying health conditions
like severe respiratory issues, diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer, and cardiac illnesses.
However, it's important to note that there are always outliers – young people and people
without underlying health issues can occasionally experience severe symptoms, so don't use
your age and health as an excuse to throw caution to the wind.
Initially, people who experience a more severe case of COVID-19 will run the gamut of standard
symptoms – high fever, coughing, shortness of breath, chest pains, breathing difficulties,
and in some cases even headaches and digestive issues.
However, the key difference between mild and severe cases is that severe cases are more
likely to develop into a more serious infection of the lungs.
Most commonly, people are at risk of developing pneumonia.
Pneumonia is a dangerous form of bacterial lung-tissue inflammation.
The tiny air sacs in the primary bronchi, which are the tubes that connect the lungs
to your trachea, become inflamed through infection and swell, causing severe breathing difficulties
in sufferers.
If you've been suffering from COVID-19 and the symptoms actually appear to worsen after
five to seven days of experiencing them, watch out for the tell-tale signs of pneumonia.
These include rapid heartbeat, sweating and shivering, loss of appetite, chest pain, fatigue,
joint pain, and in some severe cases coughing up blood in one's phlegm.
If you believe you have pneumonia, do not hesitate to contact a healthcare professional
and get yourself to a hospital immediately.
Pneumonia is a severe and life-threatening ailment, and must be treated as quickly as
possible to ensure best results.
To avoid developing pneumonia from a case of COVID-19, same rules apply: Prevention
is more effective than treatment.
Maintain social distance and good hygiene.
Eat well.
Remain hydrated.
And take extra precautions if you know yourself to be in one of the high-risk groups.
Finally, according to the Chinese data, around 4.7% of the cases of COVID-19 develop into
critically dangerous illnesses for the sufferers.
While these cases are relatively rare, that's no reason to be any less cautious.
People with critical conditions are the most likely to die from the illness.
Death can occur from untreated pneumonia, severe acute respiratory disease, and sometimes
even kidney failure.
While, like the severe symptoms, this is most common for people in the disease's risk
groups, this can technically happen to anyone.
This is not an excuse to panic and do anything irresponsible or dangerous, just to maintain
vigilance and caution.
COVID-19 is still an incredibly new disease.
Information evolves quickly as scientists learn more about the condition and its processes.
It may feel scary, like we have no control over this situation, but the fact is that
we have a lot of control over an extremely important factor here: Our own actions.
To do your part in both helping yourself and society combat this illness, maintain good
hygiene and social distancing, don't buy into or spread misinformation about the disease,
follow government guidelines, and avoid things like panic buying.
We, as a society, can get through COVID-19, but only if we're all sensible and responsible
in our actions.
For more information, the CDC and the World Health Organisation are excellent sources.
Thank you for watching this episode of The Infographics Show!
Keep an eye on your feed for more information about COVID-19, and in the meantime, you can
watch “How To Stay Safe from the Coronavirus (COVID-19)” and “Why New Coronavirus (COVID-19)
Could Be Deadlier Pandemic Than SARS.”
In the meantime – stay safe, stay indoors, and wash your hands.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

新型コロナウイルスに感染したら  (What Is It Actually Like To Have COVID-19?)

237 タグ追加 保存
ally.chang 2020 年 4 月 16 日 に公開
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