中級 2049 タグ追加 保存
動画の字幕をクリックしてすぐ単語の意味を調べられます!
単語帳読み込み中…
字幕の修正報告
Fertilization is the epic story of a single sperm facing incredible odds
to unite with an egg and form a new human life.
It is the story of all of us.
During sexual intercourse, about 300 million sperm enter the vagina.
Soon afterward, millions of them will either flow out of the vagina,
or die in its acidic environment.
However, many survive because of the protective elements
provided in the fluid surrounding them.
Next, the sperm must pass through the cervix, an opening into the uterus.
Usually it remains tightly closed, but here the cervix is open for a few days
while the woman ovulates.
The sperm swim through the cervical mucus,
which has thinned to a more watery consistency for easier passage.
Once inside the cervix, the sperm continue swimming toward the uterus,
though millions will die trying to make it through the mucus.
Some sperm remain behind, caught in the folds of the cervix,
but they may later continue the journey as a backup to the first group.
Inside the uterus, muscular uterine contractions
assist the sperm on their journey toward the egg.
However, resident cells from the woman's immune system,
mistaking the sperm for foreign invaders,
destroy thousands more.
Next, half the sperm head for the empty fallopian tube,
while the other half swim toward the tube containing the unfertilized egg.
Now, only a few thousand remain.
Inside the fallopian tube, tiny cilia push the egg toward the uterus.
To continue, the sperm must surge against this motion to reach the egg.
Some sperm get trapped in the cilia and die.
During this part of the journey, chemicals in the reproductive tract
cause the membranes covering the heads of the sperm to change.
As a result, the sperm become hyperactive, swimming harder and faster toward their destination.
At long last, the sperm reach the egg.
Only a few dozen of the original 300 million sperm remain.
The egg is covered with a layer of cells called the corona radiata.
The sperm must push through this layer to reach the outer layer of the egg,
the zona pellucida.
When sperm reach the zona pellucida, they attach to specialized sperm receptors on the surface,
which triggers their acrosomes to release digestive enzymes,
enabling the sperm to burrow into the layer.
Inside the zona pellucida is a narrow, fluid-filled space just outside the egg cell membrane.
The first sperm to make contact will fertilize the egg.
After a perilous journey and against incredible odds, a single sperm attaches to the egg cell
membrane.
Within a few minutes, their outer membranes fuse, and the egg pulls the sperm inside.
This event causes changes in the egg membrane that prevent other sperm from attaching to
it.
Next, the egg releases chemicals that push other sperm away from the egg and create an
impenetrable fertilization membrane.
As the reaction spreads outward, the zona pellucida hardens, trapping any sperm unlucky
enough to be caught inside.
Outside the egg, sperm are no longer able to attach to the zona pellucida.
Meanwhile, inside the egg, the tightly packed male genetic material spreads out.
A new membrane forms around the genetic material, creating the male pronucleus.
Inside, the genetic material reforms into 23 chromosomes.
The female genetic material, awakened by the fusion of the sperm with the egg, finishes
dividing, resulting in the female pronucleus, which also contains twenty-three chromosomes.
As the male and female pronuclei form,
spiderweb-like threads, called microtubules,
pull them toward each other.
The two sets of chromosomes join together, completing the process of fertilization.
At this moment, a unique genetic code arises, instantly determining gender, hair color,
eye color and hundreds of other characteristics.
This new single cell, the zygote, is the beginning of a new human being.
And now the cilia in the fallopian tube gently sweep the zygote toward the uterus
where he or she will implant in the rich uterine lining, growing and maturing for the next nine months
until ready for birth.
コツ:単語をクリックしてすぐ意味を調べられます!

読み込み中…

Fertilization (Conception)

2049 タグ追加 保存
keep seeing 2014 年 4 月 18 日 に公開
お勧め動画
  1. 1. クリック一つで単語を検索

    右側のスプリクトの単語をクリックするだけで即座に意味が検索できます。

  2. 2. リピート機能

    クリックするだけで同じフレーズを何回もリピート可能!

  3. 3. ショートカット

    キーボードショートカットを使うことによって勉強の効率を上げることが出来ます。

  4. 4. 字幕の表示/非表示

    日・英のボタンをクリックすることで自由に字幕のオンオフを切り替えられます。

  5. 5. 動画をブログ等でシェア

    コードを貼り付けてVoiceTubeの動画再生プレーヤーをブログ等でシェアすることが出来ます!

  6. 6. 全画面再生

    左側の矢印をクリックすることで全画面で再生できるようになります。

  1. クイズ付き動画

    リスニングクイズに挑戦!

  1. クリックしてメモを表示

  1. UrbanDictionary 俚語字典整合查詢。一般字典查詢不到你滿意的解譯,不妨使用「俚語字典」,或許會讓你有滿意的答案喔