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  • There are many theories about what happened to a missing Malaysia Airlines plane, but confirmed information is hard to come by.

  • We`ll tell you what we know today on CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • It`s been 13 days since the flight with 239 people aboard vanished over Southeast Asia.

  • There are 26 countries involved in the search.

  • The area is almost 3 million square miles from Eastern Europe to the Southern Indian Ocean.

  • It even extends to the pilot`s house. A flight simulator was there,

  • and yesterday, Malaysian officials said some files have been deleted from its hard drive.

  • Investigators are trying to recover those to see if they hold any clues, though it could be just another dead end.

  • U.S. officials say the aircraft`s most likely location is the bottom of the Indian Ocean.

  • The big complete area is still enormous.

  • You are still talking about an area around the size of the United States.

  • But the area they are focused on most today is about the size of Arizona.

  • Remember, we`ve talked about these two arcs out here, the northern and southern arcs.

  • This is along the southern arcs.

  • And they are specifically focused on this area about 1400 miles or so away from the West Coast of Australia.

  • This is a moving target, by the way.

  • This was bigger yesterday.

  • You put it on the floor now.

  • And it was a little bit further to the West, but because of drifting patterns and things like that,

  • they adjusted with the hours.

  • This is all based on something from mathematics called Bayesian theory, which is basically saying,

  • as all of your parameters change hour to hour, day to day in a search, you adjust the probability of where you will find it.

  • And now that equation has led them to focus most on this area.

  • And one of the reasons we know they are focusing on it so far or so hard right now, is this, this airplane.

  • This is the P8 Poseidon, it`s made by the Navy, or the Navy has them out there.

  • This is the result of a $35 billion program.

  • Each plane costs around a quarter billion dollars.

  • And many people consider this the most effective sub-hunting plane in the world now because when it looks down at all this water,

  • which you and I would look at with our eyes, we would see sunlight glinting off,

  • and making it hard for us to see things.

  • And we might see white caps. And all sorts of things that make it visually hard to see something.

  • It uses radar to scan many, many, many miles of this.

  • Thousands in a day to spot even little tiny items.

  • So, the fact that this plane, this quarter billion dollar plane has been moved down to search that specific area,

  • shows you that their sense of probability that it could be one of the more important search areas has reason substantially.

  • It doesn`t mean they are going to find anything, but it means they think they might fight debris on the surface.

  • But remember, even if you find something on the surface,

  • even if all the calculations by NTSB and everybody else says it should be down here somewhere,

  • if you find something, the bigger challenge lies ahead,

  • because this plane vanished over about 200 feet of water.

  • But if you fly into this part of the Indian Ocean,

  • and you keep going down below the surface,

  • look what you get - you get the kind of topography that you would get on the surface.

  • A geography of hills and ridges and valleys and all sorts of places where that pinger that they might search for could be difficult to locate.

  • The families of the missing are in anguish.

  • They are frustrated with the lack of search progress.

  • Some accused the Malaysian government of withholding information.

  • There is some technology that was launched too late to help with this incident.

  • But astronaut Chris Hadfield describes how it could help in the future.

  • Five weeks ago, the space station released 28 little tiny satellite cameras that are now orbiting the world.

  • They are about the size of a long skinny shoebox.

  • And each of them goes around the world every 90 minutes,

  • and they can see things down maybe to about the size of a car.

  • The beauty of those will be, they will take a picture of basically every second,

  • and you go five miles a second.

  • So, every five miles they will take a picture of the world and continuously stream that information back to us,

  • giving us a look at the planet like we`ve never before.

  • Time for the Shoutout. What`s the world`s oldest currency still in use?

  • Is it, the British pound, Indian rupee, Japanese yen, or Swiss franc? You`ve got three seconds, go!

  • The British pound was established more than 1,000 years ago when Anglo- Saxon kingdoms began using sterlings or silver currency.

  • That`s your answer and that`s your Shoutout.

  • There`s a new pound in town, at least there will be in 2017, and here it is.

  • There`s a new pound in town, at least there will be in 2017, and here it is.

  • 12 sides, two metals, two tone.

  • The United Kingdom made the change in hopes of confounding counterfeiters.

  • This is supposed to be the world`s most secure coin.

  • Britain`s Royal Mint estimates that three percent of the pound coins currently in circulation are fakes.

  • That would total out to about 46 million pounds or $76 million. Making the new coin will cost the country.

  • New machinery will be needs.

  • And wending machine operator will have to alter their machines to accept the new coin.

  • And that will cost them.

  • But one expert says, it`s also wending machines that tend to be ripped off the most by fakes.

  • The current pound coin was introduced 30 years ago. At today`s exchange rate it`s worth about a $1.66.

  • Now, if converting currency or doing any kind of math for that matter really, really bothers you,

  • it just might be in your genes.

  • As in genetics.

  • A new study out of Ohio State University looked at people`s anxiety levels when it comes to math.

  • It found that the genetics aren`t the main reason why some people dread numbers or angles or solving for X.

  • But it may account for 40 percent of the reason.

  • That if your parents or your siblings struggle with math, you might two.

  • Other reasons for math anxiety may be even bigger reasons include environment.

  • So, if you don`t get enough support at school, for example it may make you anxious.

  • And if others in your family get that way about math, it could make the problem worth.

  • Why does this matter if you`ve still got to learn and then do math?

  • Researchers say that the more aware educators are about students anxiety, the more prepared they`ll be to tailor their lesson plans to help.

  • There`s plenty of math in figure skating from the triple axels and quad touloups (ph) we saw in the Sochi Olympics to angular momentum and vertical velocity.

  • Physics, that`s factored in to those jumps.

  • But there`s a broader reason why Sharon Cohen is getting young people involved.

  • She`s working to help a group of girls in Harlem, on and off the ice.

  • She`s a CNN Hero and a woman improving other women`s life this women`s history month.

  • I love the crispy feeling of the air.

  • The sound of my skate crunching on the ice.

  • Skating relieves me from everything.

  • I just want to fly, I just don`t want to stop.

  • I heard that there were some girls who wanted to figure skate in Harlem.

  • Growing up I was a competitive figure skater and I knew that skating was not a diverse sport.

  • There was not access for kids in low-income communities.

  • They were so eager to get started I began teaching them and it was really inspiring to me.

  • Now, we serve over 200 girls a year.

  • Wow! Look at those spins! You did it!

  • The best part about skating is that it gives you qualities that you use for the rest of your life.

  • They gain discipline, perseverance.

  • Step, cross. Step, cross. Excellent, girls.

  • They fall down and they get back up and they learn they can do that in anything.

  • It`s a building block. Skating is the hook, but education comes first.

  • Is that how you spell when? Oh.

  • Before they even get on the ice, they have to get their homework done, they get tutoring. The minimum of three afternoons a week.

  • So that`ll be Z minus 12.

  • Algebra was not my best subject and I failed it. Ms. Sharon hired a special tutor for me that felt like, hey, you have to get back up.

  • It was that simple? Now, I`m doing way better in school.

  • Ladies and gentlemen, Harlem Ice.

  • We want girls to believe and know they can do anything they put their hearts and minds to.

  • It`s not all about skating. Miss Sharon is teaching us to be the best we can be in life.

  • We are headed west for today`s CNN STUDENT NEWS roll call like really far west.

  • In the Pacific state of Hawaii, we`ve got the bulldogs on today`s roll.

  • They are watching from Le Jardin Academy in Kailua (ph).

  • Back in the continent, hello to Roosevelt Junior High School in Roosevelt, Utah.

  • That`s Roosevelt isn`t teddy because these are the rough writers.

  • And one state south, it`s all about the bears and grizzlies.

  • They are online in Shonto Preparatory Middle and High School in Shonto, Arizona ...

  • Probably, you can`t get college credit for this, especially from the professors who wrote some of these books.

  • But a group of students in Poland did get a Guinness world record for knocking them down like dominoes.

  • They lined up 4998 books, don`t know why they didn`t just go for an even 5,000,

  • but with one quick tip they toppled the previous record of 4845 books.

  • And earned themselves a place in the record.

  • Book. Might not be the most productive chapter in their lives, but the experiment didn`t put them in a bind,

  • it fell together nicely, it moved at a steady page.

  • They were domino problems, even though they had a lot of ground to cover.

  • I can read your thoughts from here. We`ve reached the tipping point with these puns.

  • I can read your thoughts from here.

  • So, we`ll close the book on today`s show and hope you`ll book ten minutes with us again on Friday.

There are many theories about what happened to a missing Malaysia Airlines plane, but confirmed information is hard to come by.

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2014年3月20日 - 字幕付きCNN学生ニュース (March 20, 2014 - CNN Student News with subtitles)

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