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  • Hi.

  • Welcome to another Isles video.

  • Today we're looking at nine more words that can help enhance the academic tone of both.

  • You're speaking and writing.

  • If you find this video helpful, come join us at the Forum else network dot com, where you can interact with me and with other Isles instructors and the online International Isles community form or videos like this one visit my log at Eilts else dot com so very similar to last week's video.

  • I'm going to run through the nine words.

  • I will define them and then I will show you how you can use them in your example.

  • The first is not a single word, but a combination.

  • So we have on par and on Poorer is a freeze in English that is typically used to mean something that's similar to something else or even equal to something else.

  • And in your speaking, if the Examiner, perhaps import one were to ask you what makes you a competitive student, which is a question that students have reported to me an email you could use on power something like this, I'm diligent, and I am not afraid of hard work.

  • My grades last semester were on par with the best students in my program, so I feel it would be accurate to say I am motivated by success.

  • Okay?

  • And here over saying, is that wth e community of best students in the program had marks that were similar to the marks that you had.

  • So you're indirectly saying that that you are among the strongest students in your program for writing?

  • Um, there was a question recently that asked.

  • It was something like Some people believe parents should strictly control their Children's behaviour.

  • Others feel Children should be allowed measures of freedom to promote their natural characters and thio allow them to to grow as individuals.

  • And then it's it was reported.

  • I saw two different versions that the question was reported.

  • One was as a discussion.

  • When was that as an argument.

  • So do you agree or disagree?

  • But the example sentence here could be something we would put at the end of a discussion, a say So we've looked at both sides of the argument and now we're sharing our personal position, So this would be the first sentence of the conclusion Paragraph After looking at both sides of this discussion.

  • My personal sentiments are on par with the idea that strict parental control produces a more productive member of society.

  • Okay, and all you're saying here is that your feelings are similar to Theo opinion that you've looked at earlier in the essay that strict parental control is better than more lenient, um, parenting styles.

  • Okay, so that's on part now.

  • Our second word for today is volatile and volatile is a word that you've probably seen me use in my videos.

  • Um, it's a word that means something that's unstable, and typically it's used to describe something that's kind of negative in nature.

  • So maybe a figure that has been unstable and is producing a negative result because of that.

  • So, for example, in the speaking, you might be asked about your hobbies in part one, and you could use volatile in this way.

  • My professional schedule has been quite volatile this past year.

  • I've just found it difficult to maintain hobbies.

  • I tend to exercise when I can, but I wouldn't say there is a regular pattern to it, okay.

  • And all we're saying here is that our our schedule, our work schedule is not a stable schedule.

  • So maybe it's been bouncing around and maybe this is, you know, when we use the word volatile here, it's It's it's negative in nature is like the negative, so eso because it's it's been unstable.

  • It's been difficult to find time to engage the hobbies that we enjoy.

  • Okay, and volatile is obviously a good word to to use in task one if you're taking the academic because it helps you to describe figures that if it's, for example, a bar chart Oh, our line graph figures that are going up and down and are not not stable over a period of time.

  • And we can change volatile to volatility thio, uh, as a now onto to fit in this manner.

  • So the figures exhibit volatility between the years 1996 and 2000.

  • However, a reversion to stability is seen in 2002.

  • So what we're saying here is that between these two between these four years, wth e figures were quite unstable, perhaps that there was a period around 2001 where things start to stabilize more and then clear.

  • Stability is seen in 2002 and reversion just means it's It's it's reverted back.

  • Thio Thio A stable position that was perhaps seen before 1996.

  • Okay, okay.

  • We can also use the word volatile in our test too.

  • And you may recall that recently there was a question that was asking about tourism and whether it is important for countries that depend predominantly on tourism to develop other industries, maybe to stabilize their economies.

  • That was the essay question.

  • So we might use a volatile in this way.

  • Now here we're sharing an example.

  • Andi, I've also provided the discussion and I believe the conclusion sentence.

  • You can see how the whole thing kind of works together.

  • So, for example, the volatile nature of weather in the air in Caribbean countries can make tourism industries unpredictable and therefore unreliable.

  • For these countries, providing people with greater access to the Internet would empower workers and allow them to both educate themselves and develop online businesses in the service is sector.

  • Thus, because a varied economy promote stability, tourist dependent countries should do what they can to establish other industries.

  • Okay, so here we're taking the position that if a country is dependent entirely on tourism, this is actually something of a negative thing because you're kind of putting all of your eggs in one basket.

  • It's It's a better idea to choose to develop other industries to kind of balance of the economy and, as the question asked, were here sharing a suggestion of so of how a country could do that.

  • Okay, the third word is plateau, and this is a word that I've used several times in my example videos.

  • And it's a word that I've also used in some of the contests that we've held on the website.

  • It's a great word used to talk about a period of time that shows in activity.

  • So things air not really changing one way or the other.

  • They're kind of just remaining stable, and this could be a positive thing.

  • It can also be a negative thing.

  • So, uh, in the speaking, you could possibly receive a cue card that asks you to explain in detail your relationship to the English language.

  • So perhaps how you've grown as an English student, a student of English and on you could use plateau in this way if you were to talk about perhaps a period of time and in your in your history of study where things were not really growing one way or the other.

  • So, for example, uh, when I first started studying English in Australia, my skills grew rapidly.

  • However, after I returned to my home country, my language abilities unfortunately, plateau just to show how you could use it as a burb or hit a plateau.

  • He uses it now.

  • And I know my spell checker is showing This is incorrect.

  • It is actually correct.

  • I just don't think it's in my Microsoft Word dictionary.

  • I attribute this to the fact that I did not have anyone to practice English with Okay, so all you're saying here is that there was a period of time during your studies in the past where the progression that you are making with the English language, um, sort of leg it stopped.

  • It didn't go one way or the other just kind of stayed the same.

  • Okay, And plant it was a perfect word to use to describe this sort of situation.

  • Plateau is also a good word to use in task one for the academic, because you will, on occasion, see a graph.

  • That graph could show a period of that lacks changed.

  • So it's just kind of a straight line things they're not changing one way or the other.

  • And you might write something like this.

  • Following rapid growth from 60 to 180 barrels in the first month of 2002 corn oil production hit a plateau of 200 barrels between February and April.

  • In May, however, the trend once again reverts to climbing and reaches the highest point for the year at 275 barrels.

  • Okay, so all you've said here is that there was a period of growth.

  • The beginning it hits a plateau.

  • So it goes.

  • It's kind of unchanging for several months between February and April.

  • So it stays at 200 girls, and then after April, it starts to climb again.

  • Okay, Uh, we're number for his peak.

  • And Peak is a verb that is used to describe something that stimulates interest and s o in your you're speaking in part one, or perhaps even in part three, you might be asked to talk about maybe how you chose to get into the career, that urine or how you chose your, um, your area of study or something like this, and Peak is a good word to use here.

  • So after visiting a science and technology museum as a child, my interesting in computer programming was piqued.

  • And all we're saying is that when I was a child, I went to the museum.

  • I saw something that I thought was really cool, and that's what kind of sparked my interest in this path towards computer programming.

  • So this could be a nice way that she would explain to the Examiner how you you you first became interested in your professional area or your academic area for Test two.

  • You could also use Peak every once in a while.

  • I hear some sort of connection between technology in the classroom, and it seems to their different questions, but they kind of try to connect these two ideas together.

  • So if we were given the question, say, technology in the classroom, is this a good thing?

  • Our question is a good thing.

  • Do you agree or disagree?

  • So something like an argument essay style of questions, we might start one of the paragraphs like this.

  • Firstly, technology can pique the interest of students in a way that encourages focus and information retention.

  • Okay, so over saying is that technology can help students beam or engage in their studies in the classroom.

  • So obviously this would be supporting the idea of technology in the classroom.

  • For example, modern university lecturer holes make it possible for classrooms in Canada to use music, voice and the Internet as a means of maintaining the attention of students during class time.

  • Okay, so just developing the initial claim further okay, Word number five is contrary, and I imagine many of you are familiar with this word.

  • Contrary is a word that we can use to introduce an opposing idea or thio to flip a discussion and talk about a something that's kind of opposite.

  • So in the speaking, you could be asked about your family.

  • That's a very common thing to talk about important one, and you might be asked to talk about the the specific members of your family.

  • And so, in this case, talking about siblings so we might say something like, contrary to my personality, my sister is very outgoing and tends to make friends easily.

  • Okay, And of course, we would use this to describe personality traits in this specific example personally traits that are completely different from our own.

  • So when you say a sentence like this, the examiner knows that you were are saying that you are an introverted person and here you're talking about your sister who's the opposite is an outgoing and and easily makes friends.

  • So it's their personalities is, uh, the opposite of yours.

  • We can also use contrary in our writing, too.

  • Turn a discussion and look at and opposite idea.

  • On the contrary, several disadvantages stem from the use of technology in the classroom.

  • Okay, now, this would be more of a discussion style of essay, perhaps an advantage disadvantage type of essay.

  • So this would be the second supporting paragraph for looking at the the opposing ideas.

  • Uh, on the contrary, would not be something you had used to start the first supporting paragraph of your essay because you haven't actually looked at anything yet, so I hope I'm being clear there.

  • But, you know, after you looked, you looked at one side.

  • Now you're gonna look at the other side.

  • On the contrary would be the phrase that you could use to do that.

  • It's sort of it actually is pretty much exactly like.

  • On the other hand, we're number six parallel and your low can be used as a verb or a noun, Um, or an adjective, actually.

  • But we won't look at it that way.

  • Here, parallel is something that occurs in the same manner is something else.

  • So again, if we were talking about siblings like we were just a moment ago, we might say something like my university experiences paralleled those of my brother.

  • And what we're saying here is that the experiences that my brother had, um, turned out to be the same sort of experiences that I had.

  • So perhaps my my my brother, hey, made a lot of friends in his first year.

  • And he he changed his major in his second year.

  • And, you know, there were certain things that were similar between his experiences and my experiences.

  • And parallel is a perfect bird to use here to show that we can also use parallel if we're talking about I'm sorry.

  • I just wanted to point out another way that you could use it to state the same example.

  • There are clear parallels now between my university experiences and those of my brother.

  • Okay, so two different ways, you can use it here.

  • Now, when you are writing, if you're reading the general exam and your task, one question could say something like, No, Very recently, the question came up.

  • Write a letter to a friend recommending a book.

  • Okay, Describe the book described why your friend would like the book.

  • Describe how she or he can obtain the book and so we could use parallel in this way.

  • So we're here.

  • We're showing our friend why we feel that this book would be a good match for their taste.

  • So, firstly, several parallels exist between Harry Potter and other fantasy Siri's you have you likely have enjoyed.

  • If you like the setting of the Lord of the Rings, Harry Potter will not disappoint you as it takes place in a medieval world richly populated by both humans and other forms of intelligent life.

  • So, as you can see over doing here is, we're using the word parallels to just show that we know that this person enjoyed the Lord of the Rings and because they enjoy the Lord of the Rings there, they will likely also enjoy a book like Harry par.

  • Okay, because there are several similarities between the two, and that's what the word parallel refers to.

  • Okay, uh, let's see.

  • Word number seven is embrace, and I think most people know embrace to mean to hold closely in a loving way to give somebody a hug.

  • That's not really what it means in this sense.

  • Here, when we use embrace, we're talking about something that is accepted within a accepted willingly and on something that you might use to your advantage.

  • So, for example, in the speaking, you could say something like, I embraced the opportunity to study abroad.

  • So what this means is that the opportunity was there and you did not ignore it.

  • You went and you took the opportunity and you took advantage of the opportunity and and used its You've accepted it, and you used it to benefit yourself.

  • So I embraced the opportunity to study abroad.

  • Okay?

  • Or you could talk about in a job interview if you were.

  • I don't know to describe a job interview in You're out.

  • Example, You might say something like tha.

  • The interviewer asked me a question that was technical in nature, and I embraced the opportunity to demonstrate what I knew about this.

  • This technological field now embrace is also word that we can use in the writing street dude.

  • So there was a question not too long ago that asked, Should students study another language and you might use the word embrace here.

  • Thus, it is clear that students who embrace the study of another language are positioning themselves for future academic and professional opportunities.

  • And you can tell by the language that this is it has a conclusive sort of sort of tone to it.

  • So this would be the conclusion sentenced to one of the supporting paragraphs.

  • So we're just saying that that these students, when they take the study of another language and they use it to me and they, they solidify their foundation in that language, they're really helping themselves create opportunities, both academic opportunities and professional opportunities.

  • We're number eight is hinder, and this is again a word that I've used several times in videos before.

  • Hinder refers to something that that makes something else weaker or something that we can something else and it's a verb.

  • And here, in the speaking, you might be asked something about your studies or about your profession and maybe the challenges that you've faced.

  • So the question of the Examiner might ask something like, What are some challenges you faced while studying at university and you could use hinder in this way.

  • So distraction has definitely been a challenge for me.

  • Being social, I feel, is a big part of the university experience.

  • However, being to social can hinder a student's ability to focus, and this congee rectally impact academic performance.

  • Okay, so we're just using the word hinder to show that that the idea of being too social can hurt or can weaken a student's ability to focus and ultimately can weaken their academic performance.

  • Okay, and this would be a direct answer to what the exam is asking, which is about challenges you faced at university.

  • We can also use hinder in our rating.

  • Uh, see here.

  • So there was a question regarding how to improve the world poverty and we might use hinder in this way.

  • So this would be one of the supporting this be the first supporting paragraph.

  • Firstly, addressing corruption around the world can bring protection to the rights of the poor, and this helps better the economic situation of those in need, for example, corruption and China has historically hindered the development of a legal system able to protect the poor against extortion.

  • However, recent anti corruption campaigns have shed some light on this problem, and this has led to a modest improvement in the rights of those that lack wealth.

  • Okay, And so what we were trying to do here is show how you could use hinder, so hinder too weakened eso corruption in China.

  • It weakens the ability for China to develop its legal system.

  • Okay, but then we turn it around and we say that things have been improving because, um, because the problem of corruption is being tackled by anti corruption campaigns and ultimately this is this has led to some modest improvement.

  • Word number nine is retained and retain is a bird that means to keep or to hold on to.

  • And so, in the speaking, you could be asked something like, Will you ever return to your home country?

  • So if you're if you were asked to talk about where you come from, maybe in part one and then the examiner says, Okay, so you're from there, But you're living here.

  • Will you ever return to your home country?

  • Yes, I believe I will.

  • Someday I've traveled quite a bit, but I've always retained a feeling that I'd like to live in my home country long term.

  • And all we're saying here is that we have always kept or held on to a certain base feeling that at some point in the future we would return to our our home country.

  • Routine can also be used in the writing.

  • There was a question.

  • I don't think it was super reason.

  • It might have been about a about a year ago.

  • And the question was, What are the drawbacks of the world speaking one common language or it has to look at the advantages and disadvantages.

  • But anyway, if we were looking at the negatives of the entire world speaking one common language, Firstly, if a single languages spoken and talk the world over, this could make it difficult for people to retain their cultural identity.

  • So this would, of course be the topic sentence of a supporting paragraph.

  • And then you would follow this with an example in discussion and so on.

  • Okay.

  • And over saying, here is that If everybody is speaking one single language that comes from one part of the world, then perhaps their own culture, their own cultural identity It would be difficult for this to be retained for this to be kept.

  • Okay, so I hope those nine words are helpful.

  • Please has always provided with some feedback and come on over to islands network dot com Thio interact with me and with other other people on the forums.

  • Thank you for listening and have a nice day.

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B1 中級

IELTSバンド9のスコアアップに役立つ9つのMOREワード (9 MORE words that will help you score IELTS band 9)

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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