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the two sold eight.
Clever financial crisis shocked the whole wall else of time.
The 15th a financial company called Lehman Brothers in New York collapse in few hours.
The shock reached of Asia when market opened there, then moved to Europe next morning.
Go back to the United States in 48 hours.
The global financial system stopped meltdown.
Extreme ones.
The global financial market lost 26 trillion years dollars in capital, almost 1/2 off set times the market.
I was aging of the global market.
Our end of year.
The whole world was in recession.
As a direct consequence.
6 to 7 million people lost.
A job sings then most hello are Englishmen bystanders.
I won't put it in connection, Marjorie Phone or Monday it's safeguard the global economic and financial stability.
We were shocked.
We were shocked because Solman innocent people suffer on a global financial assistant.
The sickness Stratton.
The speed of the spreads, the power off the damage clearly clearly tell us the war just different, but we'll have to know to ensure this process will not happen again so quickly.
With all the research projects we call interconnectivity.
I'm going to talk some of this results we found with you today Wi Fung They're both interesting and stunningly with those who want to identify who are the major economic players in the world.
The less thought with the map is the map we see every day.
The countries like the U.
S and Canada on west of Russia, in China, in the east, the old big countries.
But what are they still the same?
An economic war.
So we re skilled countries by economic activities.
Are you by GDP?
The map changes you see really different and the Russian become very small.
So us the senator.
But the U.
S.
And China remain pick even bigger because the largest second largest global economy the war Well, it's good to see who are the major trade players so resize country but international trade activities.
Indeed, the map changes again.
This time Europe will become very big Wilmore.
Interesting, Percy, who are the financial centers So we re size countries or economies by its cross bore the financial captive floor The money flow Indeed, the map changes again.
You see, there's a choir the best shape in the scent of Europe.
Anyone know what this country.
It is a Luxembourg.
Luxembourg is a such a tiny country in the normal map, but it's such a big financial power in the global financial map.
That's another ship in Asia.
I don't know what is this economy?
It is a Hong Kong China.
I had a thing.
Couple is not.
How much are the ones against such a small in a normal map, but so big because the financial gateway for China and the Mail and China you'll see with 1.3 billion people, the country I come from, it's very small.
What does this tell us?
Tell us today.
The country's position in the world is not defined by a size of Len, but by its economic straits.
We move further, doesn't want to see hold the country.
A soldier's connects him to each other.
So go back to the map.
And we do that a lot of calculations with all the painters to try to find correlations, closeness between amount of countries and with all those calculations, with fund country now saying moving together, indeed, today's global countries divide them into she big groups.
We call close to us the first group.
It's a service class, too.
Muslims, advanced economies like us in the UK and the second rule.
It's a manufacturer goal feeding the very much age of surprise Chen.
But wait USC, Brazil and Chile also in their map.
Why is that?
Because many Latino man country today export commodity to the global supply chains.
So today, economically, many Letterman country belonged to the Asia Surprise Chan, and the third group is Oil Group.
Is eligible is also very introduced.
See, Saudi Arabia, Russia and the Nigeria is there a lot differently the different part of the war.
But they share one thing in common.
Produce energy.
What is tell us the terrible us.
The wall structure is very different from before.
Before we divide the country by income level by reading.
But today the country proves himself by one thing.
The product worm or interesting, tryto found whole country connect to each other because that's the way it's important to understand the global economic situations.
So we did the more calculations.
We found a fairly fascinating structure we call the close of structure.
This is the stylized class of structure in those countries.
Every those represent countries and country close to each other for a small classes.
Their leader in their classes in green color we called gay people and the gay people were brings a small cluster to the media and the big plaster and the big class.
The day keepers were bring them to the core in red color.
Today's a whole wall, the old economic activities.
Actually, it's happens around the port, the big countries.
Let me give you one real example.
There's a small Nordic class toast.
The country like Estonia, Latvia, Fingerling and Sweden's assume a country Estonia.
What the produce?
A very innovative products and you?
200 million Darla's captives.
What do you do?
Well, pick up the phone.
Call Wall Street.
The people in New York placed the order.
Bring the money back to Estonia.
No, that's not the way.
What we found.
Estonia were first to reach out, to finger him and swelling the gatekeeper and a Sweden and the finger where forjust current order moved to U.
K in the United States, the global financial center, this class of structure fundamentally change the global economic and financial activity.
Behave that tells a few things.
Number one.
The relationship between the countries no longer the point upon linear relationship.
If it's a point a point, if something goes wrong, you will see on Lee impact on this to country here.
Estonia in the United States.
In this structure's something goes on in one country, the whole system effect.
The second issue is because his clothes of structure ain't activity increased dramatically among the process between the caster indirect factor become more important and the further important issues with loan products studies because its claws of structures So the Somme country's economic activities may impact as a country seemingly unrelated, we call spill over.
Not that has become the key factor for global economic financial situation today.
Let me give you another example.
Us being the largest global economy in the financial center that we try to understand what is the U.
S.
Economic activity of spit over to the whole world?
Indeed, the big we'll assume 1% say yes, you'd be close to the job.
What is impacted on the whole wall across or the war.
That's a very interesting who received the largest film from United States?
Well, you see Canada and Mexico.
Well, that's understandable because they're not only enables their economic financial closely linked to each other.
So the free trade zone the whole country received the third largest of speed over frying out estates.
It's a solid e Arabia.
Wow, he wants a wife.
Saudis.
Sullivan's miles away.
They're so different economies.
Yes, because so this has a fixed exchange rates, a link with the U.
S dollar and the Saudis, all your production and investments of family feeling Who is U.
S market?
Who?
The third, The force.
The ink pen receiver countries That's the China will's again soldiers.
The miles away is a very different kind of China's manufacturing powerhouse.
But us involving so many trade and trade financings and the both of us and China pull when since happening core impact to each other.
More importantly, if we would pick in directing packing for the considerations, the spillover become ever larger.
The killer in gray to show us the indirect impact.
Today it's a much bigger than directly impact.
It can be double or quadruple for directing pack for many country, for example in the country here in France.
No, we understand why the twos on the lake the global financial crisis happened that way where the viewer brother collapse in New York because you're to be in the Corps for Global Financial Center quickly.
Espresso, The whole financial systems economical way is also rich.
The Saudi and China quickly spread to the energy cluster, and the manufacturer classed shortly that brought the whole global economy on the financial system.
It is a changing war, and this change award particularly is Klaus.
A structure has a pop funk implications toe all of us for us.
Other International Monetary Phone we learn from these studies because it's a clot of structure, generate a spear over M profile volatilities and the manager.
Financial stability is the key for sustainable growth and for job.
So we quickly relocate a resource to put, um, or or martyr efforts on the gatekeeper.
Encore countries with more multinational surveillance and with developing products like early one exercise like external report like spit over reports of vulnerability rolled on top of things, advice or forties, tell them what possible shocks and may receive, how they prepare for the shops and providing Shawn's to them.
This is also have important implications to the ordinary people like you and the meat, the study is safe today where we are.
It's not important we a link to the whole war.
We all face the global competition or possessing.
It's defined about what strengths inference is defined by the way with connect to the whole war.
It's also important for us to remember if you want the people a job and a savings of safe, we have to pay more attention on global financial economic activities.
Is it close to structures?
Produce a boast upside benefits and dung site risks depends on whether we can walk together well can learn more well, can Schimmel Indeed we have to work together would have to know more.
We'll have to share more.
Thank you.
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Interconnectivity: the new structure of the world economy | Min Zhu | TED Institute

林宜悉 2020 年 3 月 20 日 に公開
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