字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント (upbeat music) - Hello, this is Jack from tofluency.com and today we're going to have a conversation in English about food. - One of my favorite topics. - Yeah, one of Kate's favorite topics. So the idea behind these conversations is to give you exposure to real English, but then also to teach you some phrases at the same time. So we'll teach a little bit of the vocabulary and phrases that we use in the video. But to really learn them, go to the description, and then go over to the website where I'm going to leave a list of key phrases from this lesson. So you'll be able to go through it, read it, see the examples, get an explanation, et cetera. So today you're going to learn a lot about food. I'm going to approach this by talking about traditional meals, and food in general, from the UK, the Unites States, and Spain. Because I'm from the UK. - I'm from the US. - We live in America and we have lived in Spain. Now let's make this very relevant-- - Okay. - To what we're doing, because tonight we're going to have some friends over for dinner. And you had some questions for me. - Yes, so, as is pretty common, at least where we live, people have different dietary restrictions. - Yeah. - So for example, there's certain things that they eat or certain things that they don't eat. The friends that we're having over for dinner tonight, one of them only eats chicken and seafood. - Well, a better way to say that is, so, just in my head, she only eats chicken. (softly laughs) But that's it, and seafood. - Okay, let me rephrase that, let me see if this is what you're thinking about. She doesn't eat red meat. - Yeah. - Or pork. - Right, is pork red meat? - I think that pork is technically white meat. - All right. Well, so, yeah, so that's a restriction and that's a really good example, where somebody doesn't eat red meat. Now what are some of the common restrictions here in Nashville? - Sure, so a lot of people are gluten-free. So they don't eat wheat or wheat products that have gluten in it. - Like breads, and obvious, no bread, no pasta. - Yup. - No... A lot of pastries. - And some people have a condition called Celiac's that prevents them, they have really severe reactions to gluten. And other people, it's more of a preference. Some people are dairy-free, so they don't eat dairy products. People can also be vegan, so they don't eat any animal products, and just a variety of different things. So basically, we are trying to think-- - This is our task. - This is our debate. So we're trying to see, so our friend eats chicken for sure, so I was trynna think of a chicken-based dish that would be a little bit more exciting. So, trynna think, would we want chicken that was stuffed with spinach and cheese? Or chicken in a rich sauce? Or just like roasted with vegetables and like a glaze on top? So that's what we're trynna decide between. - There's a lot of new vocabulary there. (softly laughs) Like to stuff chicken-- - Uh-huh, yeah. - Which means put something inside it - Inside it. - So another example of that is stuffed pepper. - [Kate] Yeah. - Where you get a pepper, and normally cheese or rice, maybe? - Cheese, rice, breadcrumbs, so you could also do that with mushrooms. - And then a glaze, how would you describe that? - A glaze is like kind of a rich, thick sauce. - Yeah, and you brush it on. - Like so. - Brush on a glaze. - Brush on, yeah. - So yeah, we're trying to, and you said a dish as well. So a dish is part of a meal, isn't it? - Yeah. - Or the main dish. There are so many words and phrases when it comes to cooking and food. - Yes. - And we'd learned that while living in Spain. There's so much to learn in this. So hopefully, this lesson is going to help you with that. - Yeah. - So, okay, so we are cooking a meal tonight. There's a main dish, and then side dishes too. - Yes. - So what are we going to do for sides? - For side dishes, so it depends on which main dish we choose. - Right. - So if we have, for example, a chicken that's roasted with vegetables, that can kind of be part of our side dishes. If not, we're probably gonna wanna do vegetables, salad. - Potatoes. - Potatoes, for example. - And maybe mashed potatoes. - Mashed potatoes are delicious. - Yeah. - But they're more delicious when they're the least healthy. - Or-- - More butter is more delicious. - Yeah, aw, yeah. - With mashed potatoes, and many things. - We're not gonna talk too much about what's healthy and what's not. - No. - We're just going to have a good talk about traditional meals. - Yes. - Let's start with breakfast. - Okay. - What is something that people have for breakfast in the UK? Do you remember, or do you know this? - So, what immediately comes to mind is the famous full English breakfast. - Yeah. - Right? - Yeah. - That would be the traditional, and so you would have beans. - Yep. - Toast, a specific kind of bacon. - Yep. - Roasted tomatoes, and eggs? - Yeah. - Is that everything? - More or less, yeah. You could also have things like... What's it called again? - Roasted mushrooms. - Black pudding, which is like blood sausage. - Oh. - I love them. Or mushrooms, yeah. What is a light version of that that I used to have most mornings? - Beans and toast. - Beans on toast. - Beans on toast. - Now, there's a debate about beans on toast, and what we're talking about here is toast with butter on, normally, and then baked beans. - Yes. - And in America, you don't really do that style. - Not really. - Normally, you put pork in there. But they're a little bit different, so just baked beans in a tomato sauce. Now there's a debate here. - Go on. - When you make beans on toast, and the preposition is on toast-- - Okay, on toast. - But, you put your toast here on your plate and then people either put the beans right on top, or on the side. - Oh. - Which would you do? - Side, 100%. - Yeah, me too. - Yeah, I mean sometimes I like it when different flavors kind of come together, and intermingle, but to me, the integrity of the toast, the toast not being soggy. - Soggy, that's a good word. - Yeah, you don't want it to be soggy, you want it to be crunchy and dry, is important. - And soggy means wet in this example, yeah. - Yeah, wet and mushy. - Mushy, yeah, it loses its texture. Yeah, so I, beans on one side of the plate, toast on the other, try not to touch. - Yeah. - And then take your toast, usually with your fingers, your hands, put the right amount of beans on for that bite and then take that bite. - For that bite, yeah. I do like choosing the perfect bite, no matter what I'm eating, the perfect amount of things. - Yeah. Other things British people have in the morning are cereal, toast, just toast. Go on. - Marmite. - Marmite, Marmite. Let's move on, I hate it. - You do? - Well, yeah, so they brand it as either you love it or hate it. So they actually know this, and then they make commercials based on this. So they'll take a situation and say you either love it or hate it, like Marmite. - Like Marmite, okay. _ You like it, don't you? - I like it in, I wouldn't even say in moderation. I would say I like it a tiny bit of it. - Yeah. - Almost not enough to really taste it. Sometimes I feel that way about really strong cheese, too. - Oh, I love strong cheese. - Yeah, I do too, in moderation. - In moderation. - I don't like to have a big bite of it. I like to have a little bit of it with other things. - Yeah, I understand that. Yeah, that's a little bit like a strong sauce or a spicy sauce at the same time. - Like hot sauce. - Hot sauce, or horseradish. (upbeat music) What is a typical American breakfast? - So, we have many of the same breakfast foods. Beans are not very popular as a breakfast food at all. - No. - I'm not sure if anybody has it. - At barbecue restaurants-- - Yeah. - That's a very popular side dish. - Uh-huh. - But not-- - But not a breakfast food. - No. - So we tend to have... It's hard to think about exactly what's the most traditional. - It is. - But we often have baked foods. So pancakes, waffles, muffins. - You have dessert for breakfast. That's what I wanna say. You have dessert for breakfast. - Okay. - All this maple syrup.