Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • (upbeat music)

  • - Hello, this is Jack from tofluency.com

  • and today we're going to have a conversation

  • in English about food.

  • - One of my favorite topics.

  • - Yeah, one of Kate's favorite topics.

  • So the idea behind these conversations is

  • to give you exposure to real English,

  • but then also to teach you some phrases at the same time.

  • So we'll teach a little bit of the vocabulary

  • and phrases that we use in the video.

  • But to really learn them, go to the description,

  • and then go over to the website

  • where I'm going to leave a list

  • of key phrases from this lesson.

  • So you'll be able to go through it, read it,

  • see the examples, get an explanation, et cetera.

  • So today you're going to learn a lot about food.

  • I'm going to approach this

  • by talking about traditional meals,

  • and food in general, from the UK,

  • the Unites States, and Spain.

  • Because I'm from the UK.

  • - I'm from the US.

  • - We live in America and we have lived in Spain.

  • Now let's make this very relevant--

  • - Okay. - To what we're doing,

  • because tonight we're going

  • to have some friends over for dinner.

  • And you had some questions for me.

  • - Yes, so,

  • as is pretty common,

  • at least where we live,

  • people have different dietary restrictions.

  • - Yeah.

  • - So for example, there's certain things that they eat

  • or certain things that they don't eat.

  • The friends that we're having over for dinner tonight,

  • one of them only eats chicken and seafood.

  • - Well, a better way to say that is,

  • so, just in my head, she only eats chicken.

  • (softly laughs)

  • But that's it, and seafood.

  • - Okay, let me rephrase that,

  • let me see if this is what you're thinking about.

  • She doesn't eat red meat.

  • - Yeah.

  • - Or pork.

  • - Right, is pork red meat?

  • - I think that pork is technically white meat.

  • - All right.

  • Well, so, yeah, so that's a restriction

  • and that's a really good example,

  • where somebody doesn't eat red meat.

  • Now what are some of the common restrictions

  • here in Nashville?

  • - Sure, so a lot of people are gluten-free.

  • So they don't eat wheat or wheat products

  • that have gluten in it.

  • - Like breads, and obvious, no bread, no pasta.

  • - Yup.

  • - No...

  • A lot of pastries.

  • - And some people have a condition called Celiac's

  • that prevents them,

  • they have really severe reactions to gluten.

  • And other people, it's more of a preference.

  • Some people are dairy-free,

  • so they don't eat dairy products.

  • People can also be vegan,

  • so they don't eat any animal products,

  • and just a variety of different things.

  • So basically, we are trying to think--

  • - This is our task. - This is our debate.

  • So we're trying to see,

  • so our friend eats chicken for sure,

  • so I was trynna think of a chicken-based dish

  • that would be a little bit more exciting.

  • So, trynna think, would we want chicken

  • that was stuffed with spinach and cheese?

  • Or chicken in a rich sauce?

  • Or just like roasted with vegetables

  • and like a glaze on top?

  • So that's what we're trynna decide between.

  • - There's a lot of new vocabulary there.

  • (softly laughs)

  • Like to stuff chicken-- - Uh-huh, yeah.

  • - Which means put something

  • inside it - Inside it.

  • - So another example of that is stuffed pepper.

  • - [Kate] Yeah.

  • - Where you get a pepper,

  • and normally cheese or rice, maybe?

  • - Cheese, rice, breadcrumbs,

  • so you could also do that with mushrooms.

  • - And then a glaze, how would you describe that?

  • - A glaze is like kind of a rich, thick sauce.

  • - Yeah, and you brush it on.

  • - Like so. - Brush on a glaze.

  • - Brush on, yeah.

  • - So yeah, we're trying to,

  • and you said a dish as well.

  • So a dish is part of a meal, isn't it?

  • - Yeah. - Or the main dish.

  • There are so many words and phrases

  • when it comes to cooking and food.

  • - Yes.

  • - And we'd learned that while living in Spain.

  • There's so much to learn in this.

  • So hopefully, this lesson is going to help you with that.

  • - Yeah.

  • - So, okay, so we are cooking a meal tonight.

  • There's a main dish, and then side dishes too.

  • - Yes.

  • - So what are we going to do for sides?

  • - For side dishes, so it depends

  • on which main dish we choose.

  • - Right.

  • - So if we have, for example,

  • a chicken that's roasted with vegetables,

  • that can kind of be part of our side dishes.

  • If not, we're probably gonna wanna do vegetables, salad.

  • - Potatoes.

  • - Potatoes, for example.

  • - And maybe mashed potatoes.

  • - Mashed potatoes are delicious.

  • - Yeah.

  • - But they're more delicious when they're the least healthy.

  • - Or--

  • - More butter is more delicious.

  • - Yeah, aw, yeah. - With mashed potatoes,

  • and many things.

  • - We're not gonna talk too much

  • about what's healthy and what's not.

  • - No.

  • - We're just going to have a good talk

  • about traditional meals.

  • - Yes.

  • - Let's start with breakfast.

  • - Okay.

  • - What is something that people have

  • for breakfast in the UK?

  • Do you remember, or do you know this?

  • - So, what immediately comes to mind

  • is the famous full English breakfast.

  • - Yeah.

  • - Right? - Yeah.

  • - That would be the traditional,

  • and so you would have beans.

  • - Yep.

  • - Toast,

  • a specific kind of bacon.

  • - Yep.

  • - Roasted tomatoes,

  • and eggs?

  • - Yeah.

  • - Is that everything?

  • - More or less, yeah.

  • You could also have things like...

  • What's it called again?

  • - Roasted mushrooms. - Black pudding,

  • which is like blood sausage.

  • - Oh.

  • - I love them.

  • Or mushrooms, yeah.

  • What is a light version of that

  • that I used to have most mornings?

  • - Beans and toast.

  • - Beans on toast.

  • - Beans on toast.

  • - Now, there's a debate about beans on toast,

  • and what we're talking about here is toast

  • with butter on, normally, and then baked beans.

  • - Yes.

  • - And in America, you don't really do that style.

  • - Not really.

  • - Normally, you put pork in there.

  • But they're a little bit different,

  • so just baked beans in a tomato sauce.

  • Now there's a debate here.

  • - Go on.

  • - When you make beans on toast,

  • and the preposition is on toast--

  • - Okay, on toast.

  • - But, you put your toast here on your plate

  • and then people either put the beans

  • right on top, or on the side.

  • - Oh.

  • - Which would you do?

  • - Side, 100%. - Yeah, me too.

  • - Yeah, I mean sometimes I like it

  • when different flavors kind of come together,

  • and intermingle, but to me,

  • the integrity of the toast, the toast not being soggy.

  • - Soggy, that's a good word.

  • - Yeah, you don't want it to be soggy,

  • you want it to be crunchy and dry,

  • is important. - And soggy means wet

  • in this example, yeah. - Yeah, wet and mushy.

  • - Mushy, yeah, it loses its texture.

  • Yeah, so I, beans on one side of the plate,

  • toast on the other, try not to touch.

  • - Yeah.

  • - And then take your toast,

  • usually with your fingers, your hands,

  • put the right amount of beans on for that bite

  • and then take that bite. - For that bite, yeah.

  • I do like choosing the perfect bite,

  • no matter what I'm eating, the perfect amount of things.

  • - Yeah.

  • Other things British people have in the morning are cereal,

  • toast, just toast.

  • Go on.

  • - Marmite.

  • - Marmite, Marmite.

  • Let's move on, I hate it.

  • - You do?

  • - Well, yeah, so they brand it

  • as either you love it or hate it.

  • So they actually know this,

  • and then they make commercials based on this.

  • So they'll take a situation and say

  • you either love it or hate it, like Marmite.

  • - Like Marmite, okay. _ You like it, don't you?

  • - I like it in, I wouldn't even say in moderation.

  • I would say I like it a tiny bit of it.

  • - Yeah.

  • - Almost not enough to really taste it.

  • Sometimes I feel that way about really strong cheese, too.

  • - Oh, I love strong cheese.

  • - Yeah, I do too,

  • in moderation. - In moderation.

  • - I don't like to have a big bite of it.

  • I like to have a little bit of it with other things.

  • - Yeah, I understand that.

  • Yeah, that's a little bit like a strong sauce

  • or a spicy sauce at the same time.

  • - Like hot sauce.

  • - Hot sauce, or horseradish.

  • (upbeat music)

  • What is a typical American breakfast?

  • - So, we have many of the same breakfast foods.

  • Beans are not very popular as a breakfast food at all.

  • - No. - I'm not sure

  • if anybody has it. - At barbecue restaurants--

  • - Yeah.

  • - That's a very popular side dish.

  • - Uh-huh. - But not--

  • - But not a breakfast food. - No.

  • - So we tend to have...

  • It's hard to think about exactly

  • what's the most traditional.

  • - It is.

  • - But we often have baked foods.

  • So pancakes, waffles, muffins.

  • - You have dessert for breakfast.

  • That's what I wanna say.

  • You have dessert for breakfast.

  • - Okay. - All this maple syrup.