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  • Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Noun Phrase 132. The noun phrase today is

  • quid pro quo. Okay. Let's take a look at the note here.

  • Quid pro quo derives directly from Latin. So it comes directly from Latin. It could

  • be translated as what for what ,this for that , or something for something. Actually

  • I think this for that makes the most sense and it's the easiest to remember.

  • So somebody offers this for that. So that's kind of the idea. A quid pro quo.

  • So quid I think literally could mean like what. A pro is the , the word

  • that means for or in exchange for. Quo also means like what or but the best

  • translation is probably this for that. All right. Let's continue. We do have a

  • second meaning here. In law a quid pro quo can be used as a term that implies

  • sexual discrimination. Yeah. It's used a lot in those cases in which one person clearly

  • offers one thing in exchange for something else or at least one of them

  • is either offering or accepting probably sex or sexual favors in in exchange for

  • something of high value probably. Maybe a job or some benefits or promotion or

  • something like that. All right. Let's continue. Now quid pro quos

  • could be considered quite normal in business, law, and political negotiations.

  • Actually they are. They happen all the time

  • There is often give-and-take arrangements. So like in business you

  • know, if you say well if you do this for me. I'll do that for you. Or yeah. I mean

  • this is a real normal part of business. So it's not by itself you know, anything

  • that's bad or illegal. Now it could be though too. So let's continue here. It is

  • only considered shady. Shady means dishonest or not quite moral shady, if someone

  • offered or requested something that was illegal or immoral in exchange for

  • something else. So a lot of times it is used that way. Well that must have just

  • been a quid pro quo. He's only... he's doing this only because

  • that one... that other person is offering that. All right. So let's give some

  • examples here. Here's the first example. The police offered the suspect a quid

  • pro quo if he rats on ... Rats on, tells on. If he rats on some bigger fish. Some

  • other. Some other more important people. They will give him a more lenient

  • sentence. So maybe he may still get punished but you know, instead of getting

  • you know 15 years maybe only gets five years or three years or something like

  • that. Or if it's a really super big fish maybe they'll even give him immunity and

  • give them police protection. Either way this is a quid pro quo. Obviously this is

  • not illegal. The police are offering it. So sometimes

  • this is done. This is done in negotiations. Sometimes they got to let the smaller

  • fish go. So they can get the bigger fish of the more important person. All right.

  • Let's look at number two here. Yeah. If country A agrees to buy more

  • crops from country B. Country B will lower duties. Yeah. So this is just normal

  • negotiations. You know political negotiations or business negotiations.

  • Yeah. If you do this for me, I'll do that for you. And you know that happens every

  • day. That's normal stuff. All right. Now number

  • three, there. This one is not normal. And this one both you know, works on the the

  • second law one . On the sexual discrimination one. Harvey Weinstein got in trouble

  • because he offered quid pro quos to actresses numerous times for big movie

  • roles. He would give them a big break in key movies. A key role that could

  • really make their career take off. Yes. if they repaid him with sexual favors. Okay. Even

  • though, sometimes I think even kind of forced this way on some women. But first

  • he might have offered them a normal you know a quid pro quo. You do this and

  • I don't know we've heard many cases of course where you know women accused him

  • of sexual harassment but we don't know maybe some women accepted the quid pro

  • quo too. Again but this of course is one that would is definitely immoral and

  • probably in many cases especially if he forced himself on on some of his victims

  • you know, that would be illegal as well. So this is what we hear. So this is a

  • quid pro quo. We hear it a lot in the news today. I hope you got a better feel and a

  • better understanding of it. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.

Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Noun Phrase 132. The noun phrase today is

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英語講師Nick P 名詞句 (132) Quid Pro Quo (English Tutor Nick P Noun Phrase (132) Quid Pro Quo)

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    anitawu12 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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