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  • The world today has many problems.

  • And they're all very complicated and interconnected and difficult.

  • But there is something we can do.

  • I believe

  • that girls' education is the closest thing we have to a silver bullet

  • to help solve some of the world's most difficult problems.

  • But you don't have to take my word for it.

  • The World Bank says

  • that girls' education is one of the best investments

  • that a country can make.

  • It helps to positively impact

  • nine of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

  • Everything from health, nutrition, employment --

  • all of these are positively impacted when girls are educated.

  • Additionally, climate scientists have recently rated girls' education

  • at number six out of 80 actions to reverse global warming.

  • At number six, it's rated higher than solar panels and electric cars.

  • And that's because when girls are educated,

  • they have smaller families,

  • and the resulting reduction in population

  • reduces carbon emissions significantly.

  • But more than that, you know, it's a problem we have to solve once.

  • Because an educated mother is more than twice as likely

  • to educate her children.

  • Which means that by doing it once,

  • we can close the gender and literacy gap forever.

  • I work in India,

  • which has made incredible progress

  • in bringing elementary education for all.

  • However, we still have four million out-of-school girls,

  • one of the highest in the world.

  • And girls are out of school because of, obviously poverty,

  • social, cultural factors.

  • But there's also this underlying factor of mindset.

  • I have met a girl whose name was Naraaz Nath.

  • Naaraaz means angry.

  • And when I asked her, "Why is your name 'angry'?"

  • she said, "Because everybody was so angry when a girl was born."

  • Another girl called Antim Bala,

  • which means the last girl.

  • Because everybody hoped that would be the last girl to be born.

  • A girl called Aachuki.

  • It means somebody who has arrived.

  • Not wanted, but arrived.

  • And it is this mindset

  • that keeps girls from school or completing their education.

  • It's this belief that a goat is an asset

  • and a girl is a liability.

  • My organization Educate Girls works to change this.

  • And we work in some of the most difficult, rural,

  • remote and tribal villages.

  • And how do we do it?

  • We first and foremost find

  • young, passionate, educated youth from the same villages.

  • Both men and women.

  • And we call them Team Balika,

  • balika just means the girl child,

  • so this is a team that we are creating for the girl child.

  • And so once we recruit our community volunteers,

  • we train them, we mentor them, we hand-hold them.

  • That's when our work starts.

  • And the first piece we do is about identifying every single girl

  • who's not going to school.

  • But the way we do it is a little different and high-tech,

  • at least in my view.

  • Each of our frontline staff have a smartphone.

  • It has its own Educate Girls app.

  • And this app has everything that our team needs.

  • It has digital maps of where they're going to be conducting the survey,

  • it has the survey in it, all the questions,

  • little guides on how best to conduct the survey,

  • so that the data that comes to us is in real time and is of good quality.

  • So armed with this,

  • our teams and our volunteers go door-to-door

  • to every single household to find every single girl

  • who may either we never enrolled or dropped out of school.

  • And because we have this data and technology piece,

  • very quickly we can figure out who the girls are and where they are.

  • Because each of our villages are geotagged,

  • and we can actually build that information out

  • very, very quickly.

  • And so once we know where the girls are,

  • we actually start the process of bringing them back into school.

  • And that actually is just our community mobilization process,

  • it starts with village meetings, neighborhood meetings,

  • and as you see, individual counseling of parents and families,

  • to be able to bring the girls back into school.

  • And this can take anything from a few weeks to a few months.

  • And once we bring the girls into the school system,

  • we also work with the schools

  • to make sure that schools have all the basic infrastructure

  • so that the girls will be able to stay.

  • And this would include a separate toilet for girls,

  • drinking water,

  • things that will help them to be retained.

  • But all of this would be useless if our children weren't learning.

  • So we actually run a learning program.

  • And this is a supplementary learning program,

  • and it's very, very important,

  • because most of our children are first-generation learners.

  • That means there's nobody at home to help them with homework,

  • there's nobody who can support their education.

  • Their parents can't read and write.

  • So it's really, really key

  • that we do the support of the learning in the classrooms.

  • So this is essentially our model,

  • in terms of finding, bringing the girls in,

  • making sure that they're staying and learning.

  • And we know that our model works.

  • And we know this because

  • a most recent randomized control evaluation

  • confirms its efficacy.

  • Our evaluator found that over a three-year period

  • Educate Girls was able to bring back 92 percent of all out-of-school girls

  • back into school.

  • (Applause)

  • And in terms of learning,

  • our children's learning went up significantly

  • as compared to control schools.

  • So much so, that it was like an additional year of schooling

  • for the average student.

  • And that's enormous,

  • when you think about a tribal child who's entering the school system

  • for the first time.

  • So here we have a model that works;

  • we know it's scalable,

  • because we are already functioning at 13,000 villages.

  • We know it's smart,

  • because of the use of data and technology.

  • We know that it's sustainable and systemic,

  • because we work in partnership with the community,

  • it's actually led by the community.

  • And we work in partnership with the government,

  • so there's no creation of a parallel delivery system.

  • And so because we have this innovative partnership

  • with the community, the government, this smart model,

  • we have this big, audacious dream today.

  • And that is to solve a full 40 percent of the problem

  • of out-of-school girls in India in the next five years.

  • (Applause)

  • And you're thinking, that's a little ...

  • You know, how am I even thinking about doing that,

  • because India is not a small place, it's a huge country.

  • It's a country of over a billion people.

  • We have 650,000 villages.

  • How is it that I'm standing here,

  • saying that one small organization

  • is going to solve a full 40 percent of the problem?

  • And that's because we have a key insight.

  • And that is,

  • because of our entire approach, with data and with technology,

  • that five percent of villages in India

  • have 40 percent of the out-of-school girls.

  • And this is a big, big piece of the puzzle.

  • Which means, I don't have to work across the entire country.

  • I have to work in those five percent of the villages,

  • about 35,000 villages,

  • to actually be able to solve a large piece of the problem.

  • And that's really key,

  • because these villages

  • not only have high burden of out-of-school girls,

  • but also a lot of related indicators, right,

  • like malnutrition, stunting, poverty, infant mortality,

  • child marriage.

  • So by working and focusing here,

  • you can actually create a large multiplier effect

  • across all of these indicators.

  • And it would mean

  • that we would be able to bring back 1.6 million girls back into school.

  • (Applause)

  • I have to say, I have been doing this for over a decade,

  • and I have never met a girl who said to me,

  • you know, "I want to stay at home,"

  • "I want to graze the cattle,"

  • "I want to look after the siblings,"

  • "I want to be a child bride."

  • Every single girl I meet wants to go to school.

  • And that's what we really want to do.

  • We want to be able to fulfill those 1.6 million dreams.

  • And it doesn't take much.

  • To find and enroll a girl with our model is about 20 dollars.

  • To make sure that she is learning and providing a learning program,

  • it's another 40 dollars.

  • But today is the time to do it.

  • Because she is truly the biggest asset we have.

  • I am Safeena Husain, and I educate girls.

  • Thank you.

  • (Applause)

The world today has many problems.

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TED】Safeena Husain: A bold plan to empower 160 million out-of-school girls in India (A bold plan to empower 160 million out-of-school girls in India | Safeena Husain) (【TED】Safeena Husain: A bold plan to empower 1.6 million out-of-school girls in India (A

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    林宜悉 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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