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  • Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 368. The title of today's, of today's lesson

  • is the incorrect uses of until now. A lot of students, especially students of ESL

  • will often overuse the phrase "until now. " And they'll use it in a lot of ways that

  • they should be using other words. All right. So let's take a look at the note

  • here. We use the phrase until now to refer to a change in a situation in

  • which the change did not happen until the present moment. So that's how we do

  • use until now. All right. Let's start looking at some of the ways they use it

  • incorrectly. All right. Here's the first note. When the speaker wants to express

  • the idea that a situation is going to continue into the future , one should use

  • the phrase "so far" Or in a more formal sense we say "to date." Now this is where

  • it's going to continue. When we when we do use "until now" a change has already

  • happened. So it's not going to continue. All right. So let's ... let's, let's look at

  • the note here. Well let's look at the first example. With the X this is wrong.

  • Until now, the donations have added up to fifty thousand dollars or fifty thousand

  • US dollars. What you should be using is here with the check. You should be saying

  • "so far' because this is going to continue into the future. Maybe this number is going

  • to go a lot higher. So you should be saying, so far the donations have added

  • up to fifty thousand dollars. That's what you should be using here. We have another

  • example here. He has only been a policeman for six months until now. No.

  • This is definitely wrong. This one actually sounds pretty awkward. You

  • should be saying. He has only been a policeman for six months so far. Again

  • he's going to be continuing to be a policeman into the future much longer

  • probably. Okay. And here's one that we use in the more formal sense. Until now the

  • president has not dealt with that campaign promise. Okay. So here and you

  • could use so far but to date would probably be a little better because it's

  • more formal. To date the president has not dealt with that campaign

  • promise. We should not be using until now here. Okay. Let's look at the next one,

  • where the next sort of situation where students misuse until now. When the

  • speaker wants to emphasize that the situation is the same as it has been in

  • the past use "still" not until now. Remember, so when we're using until now

  • usually means something, something just changed at this moment. Here nothing's

  • really changed. What we're saying is that it's the same as it was in the past. So

  • you shouldn't be using until now in this situation.

  • Let's look at the first example. I know he was talking about quitting that job

  • but he is in the same position until now. Okay. What you should be saying here... this

  • one, with the check. This would be correct. I know he was thinking about quitting

  • that job , but he is still in the same position. So you should be using "still."

  • You shouldn't be using until now. Okay. Let's look at the next one here with the

  • X. The debt crisis in 2008 has not been fixed. You know, meaning a lot of people

  • do say that even though the media sometimes said it was fixed a long time

  • ago. It just still continues. It's, it's still going on. It continues to be

  • serious. Until now. No. Again the beginning of the

  • sentence would be the same the debt crisis in 2008 has not been fixed. But

  • you should be saying, it still continues to be serious.

  • We don't use until now here. Okay. Let's look at the next area. So this is this is

  • the third sort of situation where students misuse until now. When you want

  • to express up to the present moment that something has not happened yet. Now

  • remember with until now. I mean we're trying to say that something actually

  • did happen. But it just happened at that moment or very, very recently. So in this

  • sort of situation , you should be using "yet. "

  • Not until now. All right. So let's look at the one example we have here. I applied

  • to that College three months ago , but I have not gotten a response until now.

  • Okay. So what you should be saying is I applied to that College three months ago

  • but I have not gotten a response yet. Actually by using until now here You'd

  • be confusing a native speaker. He would think it means. Oh , so you did get a response

  • because you were saying I didn't get a response until now. Oh that sounds like

  • you've just got one. No. The students should be saying I didn't get a response

  • yet. Because she hasn't actually received one yet.

  • All right. And we just have an example down here where we do who use until now

  • correctly. So it's an a/b part A says I thought you said MRS. Smith was not in

  • the office. Okay. And then B says she did not arrive until now. She just walked in

  • the door. Which means this just happened. She just came like a minute or two

  • minutes ago or three minutes. She didn't arrive until now. So I wasn't wrong

  • before when I told you she wasn't in the office because she didn't arrive until

  • now. She just arrived maybe a few minutes ago. Anyway, I hope you got it . I hope it's

  • clear.Thank you for your time. I hope you found this to be useful. Bye-bye.

Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 368. The title of today's, of today's lesson

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English Tutor Nick P Lesson (368) Incorrect Uses of the Phrase Until Now

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    anitawu12   に公開 2019 年 10 月 10 日
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