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  • Hello. This is Jack from tofluency.com. And in this video, you're going to learn about

  • the present perfect, so keep watching!

  • Daniela from Italy asks, "What's the different between the present perfect simple and the

  • present perfect continuous?"

  • Thank you for your question. The first thing to know when looking at the difference between

  • the present perfect simple and the present perfect continuous is that it can be quite

  • complex and it can also be flexible. So, there are times when you can use both tenses; there

  • are times that the different tenses only make a small difference. And also, there are lots

  • of little situations when we use one or when we use the other.

  • But in this video, I'm going to focus on the two main differences. I do have a free download

  • that you can get that goes into this in more depth, but in this video, I'm just going

  • to focus on the two main differences.

  • The first way to think about the difference between these two tenses is whether you are

  • focusing on an action or a result. So, here is one example, "I've been reading all day"

  • - this is the present perfect continuous. The second example is "I've read 100 pages

  • today" - this is the present perfect simple.

  • Looking at the first example, the present perfect continuous - I've been reading all

  • day - what we can say about it is this: it focuses on the act of reading. The action:

  • 'been reading'. So, when you're using the present perfect continuous here, a lot of

  • the time we are focusing on the action - I've been reading all day.

  • However, in the second example, "I've read 100 pages today" this is the present perfect

  • simple and it focuses on the result - so, we're focusing on the 100 pages, the result

  • of the action. So, that is the first difference and, as I said, there is a download with more

  • examples.

  • The second difference is about continuous and non-continuous verbs. Because we can use

  • both tenses for something that started in the past but continues in the present. And

  • as I say here, we can use both depending on the verb.

  • Here are two examples: "I've known him for a long time""I've been helping him for a long

  • time." So, both are talking about something that started in the past and continue in the

  • present. But, in one example we use the present perfect simple and in the other we use the

  • present perfect continuous.

  • Looking at the first example, "I've known him for a long time" - 'to know' is a non-continuous

  • verb. For example, we don't say, "I am knowing him" instead we say "I know him." And that

  • is why we don't say "I have been knowing him for a long time" instead we say "I have known

  • him for a long time." So, because 'to know' is a non-continuous verb, we use this in the

  • present perfect simple. An action that started in the past, but continues in the present.

  • The second example, "I've been helping him for a long time" is the present perfect continuous.

  • 'To help' is a continuous verb. "I've been helping him for a long time." So this is when

  • we use it in the present perfect continuous. Now, some verbs can be used in both tenses.

  • For example, you can say, "I've lived here for 5 years." Or "I've been living here for

  • 5 years." So, with some verbs, we can use them in both tenses.

  • That has given you an overview of the difference between the present perfect simple and the

  • present perfect continuous. But do not go just yet... because I have a free worksheet

  • for you. It's going to summarize the difference between these two tenses, give you more examples,

  • and there's also an exercise for you to do. So, click the link to download that and I'll

  • see you next time!

Hello. This is Jack from tofluency.com. And in this video, you're going to learn about

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現在の完全な単純対連続 - これらの2つの時制の違い (+ 無料PDF) (Present Perfect Simple vs Continuous - The Difference between these Two Tenses (+ FREE PDF))

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    洪子雯 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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