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  • Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Verb Phrase 153. The verb phrase today is take

  • on and we'll cover actually six meanings and six different uses of this verb

  • phrase today. It's a very common verb phrase. Maybe you know one or two of

  • these but you probably don't know them all. So let's, let's start. Here's the

  • first one number one. If someone takes on something, he or she accepts more burden,

  • more responsibility, more tasks etc. basically. So this is one of the most common

  • ways we say this. That somebody will take on more responsibility. They will take on

  • more duty. All right. So let's look at a couple of examples we have here. That new

  • job will require that you take on more responsibility. Yes. Sometimes you know, if

  • it's a promotion sometimes with promotions come more responsibility.

  • That's why sometimes they're willing to pay you more money too. Or number two

  • here. We say some volunteers took on the task of cleaning up the garbage from

  • that Beach. Yeah. A lot of times we'll say take on too when somebody accepts a duty

  • or responsibility or tasks that they really don't have to do. So like if

  • you're a volunteer you probably don't have to do it, but you decided to do it

  • anyway. So you took on this task. You took on this burden. Okay. Good. Let's look at

  • the second one here. If someone takes on another meaning you know, another person

  • or another organization, he or she begins to fight, argue or compete with someone.

  • So you could do it like it's a challenge in a way. According to the Biblical story

  • only a teenage boy named David was willing to take on Goliath. Yes. So remember

  • that's the old story from the Bible of David and Goliath and David was this

  • young teenage boy and everybody was too afraid to fight Goliath who is the big.

  • You know he was like a big giant, but David decided to step up and he took him

  • on. So he you know to challenge him basically.

  • Challenge in this case literally to a fight. Okay. Good. Let's continue. A second

  • example. The Boston Red Sox are scheduled to take on the Yankees this weekend. Yeah.

  • You might hear it reported on the news this way on the sports station. It just

  • means that you're willing ... you're going to compete with them. You're going to

  • challenge them in the game. Okay. Let's look at number three here. If a

  • person or company takes on more employees , workers, etc. they hire more

  • workers. So this is a simple one. But not everybody realizes that we use this use

  • of take on too. So let's look at you know, an example we have here that company has

  • a hiring freeze. Yeah. Sometimes they'll do this. It means for a period of time they

  • said they're not going to hire anybody at this time. They don't want to take on any

  • new employees because they anticipate a recession in the near future. So they're

  • anticipating a recession. They realize during the recession they might have to

  • layoff or downsize people. So you don't want to hire new ones before that

  • happens because you don't want to be training people then have to fire them

  • before they even finish their training or only after they recently been

  • trained. Okay. Good. Let's look at number four here. If a person or company borrows

  • more money, they take on more debt. Yeah we hear this all the time. If you take on

  • more debt you you're responsible for more debt. So it's kind of related to the

  • responsibility too, All right. Let's look at this. Ever since the 2008 financial

  • crisis many countries have been taking on more and more debt. All right. So

  • that's an example of that. Okay. Number five. If something takes on something

  • else it begins to obtain or get new new traits or characteristics of it. So

  • things that it didn't have before. Okay. Let's look at the first one here. Over

  • time many words start to take on a new meaning. Yes. So if you ever ... I do a lot of

  • word origins. Sometimes you find out how the words changed and why they end up

  • getting this new meaning that we use today. Even in our lifetime you know,

  • where you often hear it I mean one good example might be the word "gay. " If you

  • look at a lot of old books gay just usually meant happy. It didn't really

  • take on the meaning of like homosexual until ... oh I don't know probably you know

  • around the nineteen fifties, sixties sometime around that time. So it took on

  • a new meaning and actually we don't use it as much for the old meaning of happy

  • anymore. But there's a lot of classic writings. classic books, novels and

  • stuff where you do see this meaning was used. And you know, you still might have

  • to read that. Okay. Let's go on. Even though she is usually humorous you know,

  • kind of funny, her words took on a more serious tone. So they started to take on

  • some new characteristics here. So this is another way that we say take on. All lright

  • and the last one. We have here. Number six. If a vehicle or container, it gets loaded

  • it takes on more passengers or weight. Okay. Good.

  • So number six example. You overloaded that truck.

  • It is not built to take on that much weight. Or you might think of like the

  • Titanic remember they they were afraid to put too many passengers on the

  • beginning lifeboats. They were afraid that they would you know, they could take

  • on too many passengers or too much weight at the same time. Anyway, I hope

  • you got it. I hope it was informative. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.

Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Verb Phrase 153. The verb phrase today is take

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英語講師ニックP動詞句 (153) テイクオン (English Tutor Nick P Verb Phrase (153) Take On)

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    anitawu12 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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