字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hello it's Ray Today let's talk about gerunds! Hmm~ gerunds are mysterious creatures They resemble verbs, but they're nouns and they even look the same as so many adjectives What the...? And their English name is "gerund" Gerund? Sounds like a virus' name The Gerund Virus Anyway today we're going to learn about gerunds, which are everywhere in our life What's the definition of a gerund? First, a gerund is a verb plus "ing" For example, add "ing" to "swim", then we have "swimming" This is a gerund Teacher teacher, why does a verb become a noun after we add "ing" to it? For example, I am swimming Mom told me this is a progressive tense You liar! Uh lil Ray, don't lose control Indeed, gerunds are sometimes mixed up with other identical words Take your question for example The "swimming" in "I am swimming" is a progressive tense indeed It's a genuine verb! Teacher teacher, how do I know when it's a verb when it's a noun? They look exactly the same! Lil Ray, it's easy If it's a progressive tense there must be a be verb in front as an auxiliary verb such as "is, are, am" So "I am swimming" is a progressive tense Teacher, what about swimming pool? Is it also a gerund? Hey lil Ray you really have so many questions but you still asked a good one The "swimming" in "swimming pool" is neither a noun nor a verb It's an adjective What! All the questions above are related to the part of speech and a word's role in a sentence Take a look at "swimming pool." "Swimming" is before "pool" It's called a "present participle" You don't have to understand this But basically It serves as an adjective to further explain the noun after it, pool Gerunds, as the name implies, serve as "nouns" in a sentence So basically, the positions for nouns can be filled in with gerunds So today I'm gonna introduce the 3 positions of a sentence you can put a gerund in that is, the subject, the object, and the complement First, take what Crown usually says for example "I'm hungry" 我餓了 (Hey~ I did not!) So here, "I" is a noun, serving as the subject of the sentence Let's take a look at an example when a gerund serves as the subject of the sentence The "smoking" here is the subject of the sentence The "eating too much" here is a gerund phrase, serving as the subject of the sentence Then let's take a look at the object position Take what I usually say for example "My sister ate all the food" 我的妹妹把食物都吃光了 (Hahaha! I DID NOT!) I'm hungry too! She always eats all the food! The "food" here is a noun, also called the object, because in this sentence it receives the action Next let's take a look at some examples where a gerund serves as the object of the sentence The gerund "teaching English" here is the object of the sentence The gerund "waking up early" is the object of the sentence Next we have another kind of object, which is called the object of the preposition Basically it's a noun after the preposition Like "in this house," the "house" here is the object of the preposition No matter how complicated its name seems as long as it's a noun, it can be replaced by a gerund So now let's take a look at an example where a gerund serves as the object of the preposition Please don't roast me. I'll cry The "making you laugh" here is the object of the preposition, at Just kidding, you don't have to pay The gerund "watching my videos" here is the object of the preposition, for The last one is more difficult, nouns serving as the complement What is a complement? A complement further explains other words It can be a noun or an adjective But today we'll focus on the noun form Here's a simple example Ray is a... How do we say "YouTuber" in Mandarin? 你...你管人，你管人 Ray is a "你管人" Alright, the "YouTuber" here is a noun, serving as a complement to modify the subject in front, Ray which means Ray is equal to a YouTuber Since a complement can be a noun, it can also be a gerund Here are some examples The gerund "interacting with my fans" here is a complement modifying the subject, "what I like as a YouTuber" As a side note Although there is a be verb "is" before "interacting" it's not a progressive tense! The "is" here is not an auxiliary verb. It's a verb Also, "interacting" isn't a progressive action. It just means this matter Here are some examples (Bullsh*t XD !!!) The gerund "eating my food" here is a complement modifying the object, Crown She ate my food The gerund "being with you" here is a complement modifying the adjective, happy The above is the entire observation journal of gerunds This creature is extremely complex! Hope you guys have a better understanding of gerunds after watching this video Last, I have 2 tips for you First, basically we can put a gerund where we put a noun namely the subject, the object, and the complement positions Second, gerunds, progressive verb forms, present participles sometimes look the same, so don't be mixed up Teacher, I just fell asleep. Can you explain it again? Watch the video one more time If you like this video, please give me a thumbs up! If you want to see more videos you can click the subscribe button here to subscribe to my channel! We have new videos up every Mon and Thurs at 9 PM Have you watched Crown's video last Thursday? That's right. Our new policy is Ray will host the videos on Mondays and my sister, Crown, will host the videos on Thursdays I believe you guys all love it But I know you'd prefer Ray's videos on Mondays (Ahaha of course not~) Right? Right!? Either way you can still see Crown's new video on Thursday I also have Facebook and Instagram accounts You can find me by typing in 阿滴英文 or Ray Du English And that is a wrap, thank you guys for watching, as always and I'll catch you guys next time! See ya!