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  • Vanessa: Hi.

  • I'm Vanessa from SpeakEnglishWithVanessa.com.

  • Let's talk about describing people.

  • Today, I'm going to help you learn 82 expressions for describing people.

  • There are three different ways to describe people.

  • One of them is to describe their appearance.

  • I have brown hair.

  • The second way is to describe their personality or character.

  • I'm optimistic.

  • The third way is to describe their actions or hobbies.

  • I'm a teacher.

  • I like cats.

  • Today, we're going to specifically focus on how to describe someone's or maybe your personality

  • and character.

  • Have you ever taken a personality test?

  • These kind of tests try to tell you something new about your character or maybe put you

  • into a category.

  • You are a comforter.

  • You are enthusiastic.

  • You are a pessimist.

  • Personally, I hate almost every personality test.

  • Why do I need a test to tell me about my personality?

  • I already know my personality.

  • You probably learned a lot about me just from that statement.

  • I don't need a test.

  • I don't need someone else to tell me about my personality.

  • Having said that, sometimes personality tests can be really helpful for expanding your vocabulary

  • so that you can accurately describe people.

  • Maybe you just got a new job and you want to tell your husband about your boss.

  • You want to explain your boss' character or maybe how your boss looks or some things that

  • your boss does or maybe you're on a first date with someone and you want to tell them

  • the wonderful things about your personality.

  • You need to describe yourself.

  • In this lesson, I'm going to give you the vocabulary to accurately describe other people

  • and also yourself.

  • Today, I want to ask you six questions to learn more about your personality.

  • The goal is to choose some of these nouns and adjectives and create a sentence or maybe

  • a couple of sentences describing yourself.

  • If you feel like this is too personal, you can kind of create a list for someone else

  • in your life.

  • At the end of this lesson, I have some extra special material.

  • You're going to see a conversation with five native English speakers where we try to describe

  • each other.

  • Hopefully, this will help to also expand your vocabulary, but you'll have to wait until

  • the end of this lesson.

  • All right.

  • Let's get started with the first question on this personality test.

  • Personality test question number one.

  • Are your travel plans generally organized?

  • What about your home and office?

  • Are they pretty tidy?

  • Tidy means clean.

  • Things are orderly.

  • Think about this for a moment.

  • Organized.

  • Tidy.

  • Does this describe you?

  • Think about this for three seconds.

  • Choose yes or no.

  • Three, two, one.

  • Let's say you decided to say yes.

  • My travel plans are generally organized.

  • My home and office are pretty tidy.

  • Some great adjectives we can use to describe you.

  • I'm organized.

  • I'm put together.

  • I have it together.

  • Here, we're talking about you're life.

  • You have your life together.

  • It is organized.

  • I'm organized.

  • I'm put together.

  • I have it together.

  • Or you might say I'm A Type.

  • A Type is compared to B Type, which we'll talk about in just a moment.

  • A Type means that you are quite orderly.

  • There is a place for everything in your life.

  • You might also a qualifier to some of these expressions.

  • I'm so somewhat A Type.

  • I'm kind of A Type.

  • I'm pretty A Type.

  • Here, we're lessening it a little bit.

  • You're not 100% A Type.

  • You're not 100% organized.

  • I'm somewhat organized.

  • Okay.

  • That's fine.

  • Most of us are kind of in the middle of a lot of these categories, so it's good to use

  • these qualifiers.

  • I'm somewhat organized.

  • You might also say if you said yes to this that your travel plans are generally organized,

  • you might say I'm a doer.

  • Doer.

  • Here the root word is do.

  • You do things.

  • You don't just think about them and wait for something to happen.

  • You do things.

  • You take action.

  • I'm a doer.

  • Or you might say simply I'm clean.

  • Things in my life are clean.

  • I'm a clean person.

  • If you said no to this, no, my travel plans are not orderly.

  • My home and office, they are a wreck.

  • Well, what are some adjectives we can use to describe you?

  • You might be spontaneous or creative.

  • What if you are not A Type, you are B Type?

  • B Type means that you don't always have things orderly.

  • Maybe you tend to be slower at doing things.

  • You think about things a lot.

  • Usually, B Type people might be a little more of the creative, spontaneous type.

  • That's why you're in this list.

  • Then, we have some negative words that we can use to describe these people as well.

  • You might be scatterbrained.

  • Here, we can imagine in your head things are not orderly.

  • They are scattered.

  • Scattered means unorganized.

  • If you say to someone you are scatterbrained, it is not nice.

  • You could say it about yourself.

  • That's fine.

  • I'm scatterbrained.

  • But, you don't want to say that about someone else.

  • During today's lesson for these words that are definitely rude to say to someone else,

  • I put a little star beside it so that you know I should probably be careful saying this

  • to other people because these are always negative.

  • The final thing you might say if you said no to this question is I'm not clean.

  • I'm messy.

  • My life is messy.

  • My house is messy.

  • Just things are not organized.

  • I'm messy.

  • Did you write down some words that relate to your personality?

  • All right.

  • Let's go on to the personality test question number two.

  • Question number two.

  • Is it easy to stay relaxed even when you have pressure?

  • Do small events not change how you feel about the rest of the day?

  • Maybe a small negative thing happens and how cares.

  • It doesn't bother you.

  • You can just easily forget about it.

  • Think about these questions.

  • Is it true for you?

  • Yes, I can easily stay relaxed even when there's pressure.

  • Yes, I can easily forget about little annoyances during the day.

  • Or no, it's hard for me to feel relaxed even when there's pressure.

  • Think about this for you and let's talk about some words in three, two, one.

  • What if you said yes to this?

  • It's easy for me to feel relaxed even when there's pressure.

  • Yeah.

  • If there's small annoying things that happen during the day, it doesn't bother me.

  • What are some words we can use to describe you?

  • You could say I'm easygoing.

  • Nothing phases me.

  • I'm optimistic.

  • I'm even-keeled.

  • We talked about this word in a previous lesson where Dan and I talked about our relationship,

  • our marriage together.

  • He said that I'm even-keeled.

  • This is a great word.

  • You might say I'm confident.

  • I'm calm.

  • I'm rational.

  • These are all things that you might use to describe you if you said yeah, I can easily

  • stay relaxed even when there's pressure.

  • What about if you said no to this question?

  • What if you said no, I don't easily feel relaxed.

  • I'm often not relaxed.

  • I'm often stressed.

  • What are some words we can use to describe you?

  • We might say I'm sensitive.

  • This means that things affect you easily.

  • It's not always a negative thing.

  • Of course, it depends no the situation.

  • If you're applying for a high stress job, you don't want to say I'm sensitive.

  • It probably means you're not a good fit for the position, but this could be just to describe

  • you personally.

  • I'm sensitive.

  • Or maybe you might say I'm emotional.

  • Your emotions play a big part in your life.

  • Another way to say emotional is moody.

  • Moody is always a negative thing.

  • This means you're in a good mood.

  • You're in a bad mood and you're swinging between those moods and there's no rhyme or reason.

  • That means there's no predictability.

  • One day or one moment you feel like this and the next day or the next moment you feel like

  • this.

  • You're moody.

  • This is stronger than emotional.

  • This is much more negative than emotional, so don't tell someone you're moody.

  • Especially if they are moody, it won't go well.

  • Do you know what the opposite of optimistic is?

  • You might be pessimistic.

  • Pessimistic means that the glass is half empty.

  • The glass is not half full.

  • The glass is half empty.

  • This is an expression that means you always see maybe the negative side or what if this

  • happens.

  • You're always asking what if in kind of that negative way.

  • Of course, it's good to balance being optimistic and pessimistic, but these are the two extremes.

  • The next five words mean something very similar and they're all negative.

  • I don't recommend telling someone else that they are these things.

  • Of course, you can say them about yourself if you would like.

  • You might say I'm uptight.

  • Tight, we can kind of imagine something inside of you is maybe twisted or tight and inside

  • of you, you don't feel relaxed.

  • You're uptight or maybe you're anxious.

  • You can say I'm anxious and that describes your personality, but you might just be anxious

  • about one thing.

  • I'm anxious about my exam tomorrow.

  • Okay.

  • Maybe in general, you're not an anxious person, but you're anxious about that specific activity.

  • That's fine.

  • That's not really describing your personality.

  • Every day I'm often anxious.

  • No, it's just one specific thing or you might be high strung.

  • High strung has that same feeling of uptight, anxious, high strung.

  • Or you might be a worrier.

  • A worrier.

  • She is a worrier.

  • That means that she worries a lot.

  • This defines her personality.

  • She's a worrier.

  • Or we might say neurotic.

  • He's neurotic.

  • She's neurotic.

  • I'm neurotic.

  • This is quite strong.

  • You are uptight and a lot of things bother you.

  • Let's go on to personality test question number three.

  • There's actually three questions in one here.

  • They are is it difficult to introduce yourself to new people?

  • Do you feel tired after you spend time with a group of people?

  • Is a good book or a good movie more interesting than a social event?

  • Think about those questions for a moment.

  • Is it difficult to introduce yourself to new people?

  • How do you feel when you get together with a group of people?

  • Do you feel tired?

  • Think about that for a moment.

  • If the answer is yes or no.

  • Three, two, one.

  • Let's imagine that you said yeah, it's difficult to introduce myself to people.

  • I think that when I get together with a group of people, I feel so tired.

  • I would rather read a good book or watch a movie than go to a social event.

  • If you said yes to this, let's talk about some adjectives that can describe you.

  • You could say I'm reserved.

  • I'm shy.

  • I'm timid.

  • I'm introverted.

  • Or just simply I prefer small groups.

  • I know some people are like this.

  • They don't like big groups.

  • They would rather get together with just one other person or maybe two or three other people,

  • not a group of 20 people.

  • I prefer small groups.

  • I'm introverted.

  • I'm reserved.

  • I'm shy.

  • I'm timid.

  • These are all great words.

  • What about if you said no, I feel energetic when I get together with a group of people.

  • I would rather go to a social