Placeholder Image

字幕表 動画を再生する

  • Yes, it's dark.

  • I'm wondering how long we can all stand it

  • without picking up our phone and turning the flashlights on.

  • Seconds?

  • Minutes?

  • A whole hour?

  • Don't worry, I'm not going to give you my whole speech in the dark.

  • But it's something I'm used to.

  • For more than 10 years, I and two million people back home

  • have been living in darkness,

  • locked between two borders

  • that are nearly impossible to leave, literally,

  • in an area that spans 25 miles long and about five miles wide.

  • I am Palestinian, and I am from Gaza.

  • I grew up there and I still live there.

  • In Gaza, we have a whole lot of nothing.

  • And I aim to create something from that nothing.

  • When a community is cut off from the world,

  • all that we need to do is ... what?

  • To think outside the box.

  • Way outside the box.

  • That thinking led me to two projects

  • to address two serious issues in my community.

  • The need for building materials and the need for electricity and energy.

  • Two essential ingredients of life.

  • Both are in lack of supply in Gaza.

  • First, I'm not here ...

  • just to talk about the occupation we have back home.

  • The siege, the wars, the bombs, the protests

  • or the death toll.

  • I am here because I wanted to show that we can live through it all.

  • I am here because I wanted to make a change.

  • I am here to tell you

  • that I am a statistic that cannot be ignored.

  • In the 2014 war, thousands of houses were destroyed.

  • Those houses were made from sunbaked stones and blocks.

  • Those houses stood for decades and decades.

  • Those houses were for my family, friends, neighbors,

  • everyone I know.

  • At that time, I asked myself a question:

  • What can I do for people?

  • How can I help them?

  • I knew we weren't able to get cement, aggregate and sand

  • to rebuild what the war destroyed.

  • But also, maybe we can use something from inside the community,

  • something we already had.

  • I started to put things together.

  • First, paper as a filler, instead of the aggregate we import.

  • But that did not work out.

  • What about using glass powder to replace part of the cement?

  • But that failed, too.

  • I guessed making building blocks out of mud would be a great idea.

  • But unfortunately, it didn't work out.

  • During the process of burning the mud blocks,

  • we had a huge amount of ashes.

  • And I was like, \"Why don't we use those ashes?\"

  • The idea flashed in my mind.

  • \"Let's use it and combine it with the rubble of the demolished houses

  • and make building blocks out of it.\"

  • After more than 150 failed experiments,

  • and over six months of research,

  • I actually made it.

  • (Applause)

  • I created a building block

  • out of the ashes and rubble of the demolished houses.

  • It's here, it came all the way with me.

  • Well, it came before me.

  • So, it's lighter,

  • it's cheaper, and it's stronger.

  • (Applause)

  • This building block --

  • of course, you ask yourself, \"How did this girl do it?\"

  • It's not that hard, and it's not that easy.

  • First, we collected rubble from all around the Gaza Strip.

  • Then we combined it with the ashes that came from the landfills.

  • When the recipe is done, it's time for baking.

  • So we mold the blocks, as you can see in the photo,

  • and we cure it using water steam.

  • I call the material \"Green Cake,\"

  • and people now can use it not only to rebuild old houses,

  • but also to build new complete structures.

  • Green Cake so far has created jobs for more than 30 people.

  • And we were able to rebuild around 50 apartments,

  • each one of them the size of a household almost for eight people.

  • We also trained fresh graduates, female and male,

  • which is not very common in the community.

  • And we got several awards, locally and globally.

  • This block is not just only a building block.

  • It changed the stereotype about women in Gaza

  • that stated this type of work is meant for men.

  • Education is the strongest weapon we have

  • to fight for our freedom, decent life and future.

  • My background helped me to do this block.

  • I went to the Islamic University of Gaza, and I studied civil engineering,

  • where there was a one-to-six female-to-male ratio.

  • Everyone told me I would end up without a job.

  • I went for a major that's meant for men.

  • But their lack of encouragement did not deter me; it inspired me.

  • (Applause)

  • After this long journey with the block, and after two years,

  • what Gaza does need is not just building blocks.

  • We also need electricity, we need the energy.

  • I developed a new company called SunBox.

  • SunBox is a smart solar kit that we source from China,

  • and we engineer it to fit the market need.

  • It powers not only light, but also laptops, phones,

  • internet connection, a fan or a TV.

  • We teach local vendors and technicians

  • to sell, install and provide customer services for people.

  • We got the project off the ground

  • by providing 15 families with solar energy.

  • One of the solar units we installed in a refugee camp.

  • The next day I came to check what happened with the solar,

  • and I found a whole neighborhood watching a football match

  • using our device.

  • I was like, \"Wow, that's going to create a huge impact in the community.\"

  • That encouraged us to go to the second round

  • of bringing 200 units.

  • But each unit costs around 350 dollars.

  • And a Palestinian family can't afford the 350 dollars.

  • So we had to think, again, outside the box:

  • How can we make this happen?

  • If a whole neighborhood can watch a football match using one device,

  • it means two, three and four families can share one device

  • and enjoy the electricity.

  • What we did is, we created a new business model

  • called \"sharing is caring.\"

  • (Laughter)

  • The sharing is caring business model

  • says two families share one unit, three families share one unit,

  • and they split the cost, so they can afford paying for it.

  • Well, the idea caught on.

  • I didn't expect that, but it just happened.

  • In less than two weeks,

  • we were able to provide over 200 people with electricity.

  • (Applause)

  • And the question here: How did the idea catch on?

  • We went to community centers --

  • those are places, you know for whom?

  • Only for men.

  • So it was so weird for a woman to go there.

  • And I told them, \"We have a great idea.

  • We will give you electricity,

  • you give us people who need this electricity.\"

  • Now, families are approaching us from all around the Gaza Strip.

  • I received a phone call from the team this morning, saying,

  • \"Majd, please, we are under pressure, we work 16 hours a day,

  • we will not be able to work like this.

  • Families are calling us every second. They want solar energy.\"

  • Muna, from one of the families we installed the solar unit for,

  • she told me, \"You know, Majd,

  • I've never imagined I will control something in my life.

  • Now I can control my source of energy.

  • I feel so special.\"

  • What you take for granted is a privilege for others.

  • People like Muna.

  • She doesn't want to fight.

  • She doesn't want to stay in a bad life.

  • She's only looking for a better life.

  • Our vision, or I would say, everyone's vision in Gaza --

  • which I am very privileged to represent the people back home --

  • is to have a good life, a future.

  • We need to build the infrastructure of hope.

  • We want to tell them it's possible to happen,

  • it's possible to be treated as a human being.

  • I don't have to cross four borders to come here.

  • I can just go to the airport,

  • see the people outside,

  • see what the world looks like.

  • Thank you so much.

  • (Applause)

Yes, it's dark.

字幕と単語

B1 中級

【TED】How I'm making bricks out of ashes and rubble in Gaza | Majd Mashharawi

  • 71 1
    林宜悉   に公開 2019 年 04 月 02 日
動画の中の単語

前のバージョンに戻す