字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント Hello, and welcome back. In this lesson, I will show you fifty words that you are probably pronouncing incorrectly right now. And I'll also teach you how to say them correctly. Let's start with this word – how do you say it? Well, we say /prə-'nauns/, /prə-'naunst/ and /prə-'nauns-iŋ/, but /prə-nən- si-'eɪ-shən/. There's no 'noun' in this word. It's 'pronunciation.' Word number two is 'says'. This word is commonly mispronounced by people learning English as /seɪs/. But remember: I say, you say, but he or she /sez/. Number three is 'et cetera'. A very common incorrect pronunciation is to say 'ek' – 'ek setra' instead of 'et'. Don't say that. And also remember that the stress is on 'ce'. So the word is /et-'se- tə-rə/. You will also hear /et-'se-trə/ – that is less common but it's OK too. Next up is 'often'. Some pronounce this as /'äf-tən/. Now, strictly speaking, /'äf- tən/ is not wrong, but the more common pronunciation is with the 't' silent, so I recommend that you always say /'ä-fən/. One word that is often mispronounced by learners of English is 'women'. This is, of course, because of the English language's crazy spelling system. But remember that we say /'wu-mən/ for one woman and /'wi-min/ for the plural – /'wi-min/. Word number six is 'police'. This isn't /po-lees/ or /po- lis/. It's /pə/ and /lees/ with the stress on /lees/. So /pə-'lees/. The next word is 'vehicle'. It's often pronounced wrongly as /ve-hi-kl/. But the 'e' is a long vowel and the 'h' is silent. So /'vee-ə-kl/. Number eight is this word. How would you say it? The correct pronunciation is /'zhän-rə/. Pay attention to the first sound, it's like 'sh' but you put your voice into it - /'zhän-rə/. /'zhän-rə/ Next up is actually what you're watching right now – 'video'. The important thing is that both the 'i' and the 'e' are pronounced as short 'i' sounds. It's not /vee-di-o/, it's /'vi-di-o/. If you watch a video on YouTube or Facebook, you might leave a 'comment'. I have heard many speakers say /'kə-ment/. Now whether you use this word as a noun or a verb, the first syllable is always /'kä /. So it's never a /'kə-ment/, it's a /'kä-ment/. Word number eleven is 'interesting'. This is mispronounced sometimes as /'in-tə-rə-stiŋ/. But there are only three syllables – /in / – /trə / – /stiŋ/ and the stress is on 'IN'. So the word is /'in-trə-stiŋ/. Number twelve is 'hotel'. There are two syllables – /ho/ and / tel/ like the English word 'tell' as in 'tell me'. The stress is on the second syllable, so /ho-'tel/. A related word is 'suite'. This means a set of connected rooms in a hotel and this is wrongly pronounced by many people as /soot/. But it's /sweet/ - like when you eat a piece of candy - /sweet/. While we're on the topic of suites and hotels, I cannot leave out this word – 'restaurant'. It gives a lot of English learners trouble. But, don't let the fancy spelling confuse you – the second syllable is just /tə /. The third is /ränt/. So /'res-tə- ränt/. In British English, you might hear just two syllables – /'res-trɒnt/ - that is also correct. After you eat at a restaurant, you have to pay the bill. But you might get a discount on your bill if you have one of these – a 'coupon'. A common incorrect pronunciation is /'koo-pən/. But the second syllable should be /pän/. So – /'koo-pän/. Here's word number sixteen – how would you say it? The proper pronunciation is not 'break' 'fast' – it's 'breakfast'. /brek / with a short /e/ sound and /fəst/ with an /ə/ sound - so /'brek-fəst/. You know what I had for breakfast today? I had this – 'pizza'. Really, I did. It's not a /pee-sə/ and it's not a /peed-zə/. There's no /z/ sound in this word. It's /peet/, /sə/ - /'peet-sə/. Another food word that's mispronounced a lot is 'vegetable'. It's not /ve-jə- tə-bl/. If you say it correctly, there are only three syllables - /vej/, / tə/, /bl/ - /'vej- tə-bl/. Let's talk about a couple of vegetables now – this is a 'cucumber'. It's not a /ku- koom-bər/. Think of it like saying the letter 'Q' and then /kəm-bər/ like 'number'. So /'kyoo-kəm-bər/. This vegetable is called 'lettuce'. I know the spelling looks like /let-yoos/ but it's not – it's /letis/. And since we talking about food, here's a food that just about everybody loves – 'chocolate'. When you ask for this at the store, make sure there are only two syllables – /chäk/ and /lət/ - /'chäk-lət/. And remember: there is no 'late' in 'chocolate'. Speaking of chocolate, how would you say this word? This is 'dessert'. Notice that the first syllable is /di/, and the second starts with a /z/ sound. We stress the second syllable – /di-'zərt/. This word refers to something sweet that's eaten at the end of a meal, and it should not be confused with 'desert '. Here, the stress is on the first syllable which is /de/ - /'de-zərt/. Now I said that desserts are sweet. But what about this taste? It's pronounced 'sour'. Some people say /sär/ - that is a mispronunciation. The only correct way to say this word is /'sauər/. Many words in the English language have silent letters – that is, letters that we don't pronounce. As in word number twenty-four – 'receipt'. The 'p' is silent. When you purchase something or you pay a bill, you get a /ri-'seet/. Now if you don't pay your bills, you might find yourself in 'debt'. The 'b' is silent in this word, so /det/. If a debt is related to your house, it might be a 'mortgage'. This word means a loan that a bank gives you to buy a house. So, which letter is silent here? It's the 't'. The first syllable is /mör/ and the second is /gij/. So /'mör- gij/. Number twenty-seven is this word – how would you say it? It's 'subtle'. The 'b' is silent. Subtle means something that is difficult to notice or something that isn't obvious. And once again, the word is pronounced /'sə-tl/. Another popular word with a silent letter is 'singer' – the 'g' is silent. Now we say 'finger' (we say the 'g'), 'younger' (again, with the 'g') but /'siŋ-ər/ (no 'g'). And what would you call someone who fixes taps and pipes at your house? You call him a 'plumber'. Not a /'pləm-bər/ – the 'b' is silent. So /'pləm- ər/. In fact, in many words, when you have the letter combination 'mb', the 'b' is silent. If I had a ladder in front of me now, I could 'climb' the ladder. Not /'klaɪmb/. A quick note - in the pronunciation symbols that you see, the 'ai' is an /ai/ sound not an /ei/ sound. So the word is /'klaɪm/. By the way, what's this? This is my 'thumb'. It's not my /'thəmb/ – it' pronounced /'thəm/. And what about this? This is a comb. Not a /komb/ - a /kom/. A similar-sounding word is 'tomb'. It's often wrongly pronounced as /tomb/, but the 'b' is silent, and the 'o' is pronounced with an 'oo' sound. So /toom/. A tomb is a place like the Taj Mahal, where a person, usually an important person, is 'buried'. We say /'be-ri/. Now when I first heard this as a kid, I was really surprised because I used to say /'bə-ri/. I mean, it looks like that, right? But this word sounds just like the 'berry' in 'strawberry'. So once again – /'be-ri/. But back to silent letters. How do you say this day of the week? It's 'Wednesday' – the 'd' is silent. Sometimes it is pronounced as /'wednz-deɪ/ but the proper way to say it is /'wenz-deɪ/. What about this – 'sword'. Many people say /sword/ but that is totally wrong. It is just /'sord/. And here's our last word with silent letters – 'clothes'. But what's silent here? Well, first of all, this word is not cloths. When we say /'kloz/, the 'th' in the middle can often be silent – /'kloz/. But it's not wrong if you say them with a 'dh' sound – /'klodhz/. That's also correct. In some words, people think a letter is silent, but it's not. For example, look at this word – what is it? It's 'arctic'? This is the name for the region at the North Pole of the earth. It's mispronounced by many as /'är-tik/ but it's actually /'ärk-tik/. The 'c' in the middle is not silent. Similarly, /ant-'ärk-tik/ and /ant-'ärk-tikə/ – that's the name of the region at the South Pole. Sometimes people also mistakenly insert letters or sounds that are not there. Like in the word 'mischievous'. This is not /mis-'chee-vi-əs/. There is no 'i' after the 'v'. The last syllable is just /vəs/. So /'mis-chi-vəs/. And then there are words that have hidden sounds that we don't recognize – like the word 'tuition'. It's /tu-'wi-shən/ in American English and /tyu-'wi- shən/ in British English. So what's the hidden sound here? Well, the first syllable is easy - /tu/ (American) or /tyu/ (British). But after that, it's not /i-shən/, it's /'wi-shən/. Tuition. You have to put the 'w' sound in there. So /tyu-'wi-shən/. Word number forty-one is this word. How do you say it? If you said /zu-'ä-lə-ji/ it's actually wrong. That is a very common mispronunciation. This is actually /zo-'ä-lə-ji/ - /zo/ and /ä-lə-ji/. 'Zoology'. Number forty-two is 'develop'.