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  • CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: On this last day of April, we thank you for taking 10 for CNN

  • 10. I`m Carl Azuz, at the CNN Center. Our first story, in a

  • part of Africa that`s still reeling from a cyclone that made landfall in March, government

  • officials are now getting an idea of the destruction by a

  • second major storm.

  • This one was named Cyclone Kenneth. It hit Mozambique late last week. At that time, its

  • wind speeds were 140 miles per hour. That`s the equivalent

  • of a category four hurricane, out of five, but Kenneth was the most powerful storm ever

  • to hit Mozambique. The nation`s government says almost

  • 3,400 homes have been destroyed, and more than 18,000 people are displaced.

  • At least 38 people died. One uniquely destructive thing about Cyclone Kenneth, it`s slow. When

  • a hurricane or a cyclone doesn`t pass over an

  • area quickly, it can drop even more rain than it normally would, and that can make flooding

  • even worse. Over the course of this week, forecasters

  • expect up to 20 inches of more rain.

  • Save the Children, an international aid group, says survivors in areas of heavy damage need

  • food, water and shelter urgently. But workers haven`t

  • been able to get to some areas, because rivers have flooded and covered roads. Cyclone Kenneth

  • killed four people on the island nation of Comoros,

  • which is about 100 miles east off the coast of Mozambique.

  • The Mozambique and island of Ibo looks like it took a direct hit. Mozambique is not a

  • wealthy country. More than 46 percent of its

  • population is estimated to live in poverty, and natural disasters like this are part of

  • the reason.

  • (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

  • ELENI GIOKOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Two major cyclones hit Mozambique in just a matter of

  • weeks. It`s unprecedented. And of course, as the country

  • tries to recover from the devastation of Cyclone Idai, another stronger storm hits the northern

  • parts of Mozambique. Cyclone Kenneth hits the

  • country in the early hours of Friday, and Mozambicans woke up to strong winds and heavy

  • rainfall.

  • But two major cities that are very densely-populated in the northern parts of Mozambique were not

  • as severely impacted. The eyewitness accounts and,

  • of course, business that we spoke to say that it wasn`t as bad as they feared and it`s basically

  • business of usual. But it`s 80 kilometers north

  • of Pemba where the catastrophe did occur on the Island of Ibo.

  • According to a resort manager there, 90 percent of the homes were totally destroyed on the

  • island. And it seems that that is where the eye of the

  • storm passed through. Now, remember that this part of Mozambique isn`t as densely-populated

  • as the rest of the country. It`s also very remote.

  • We`re talking about villages that are not easily accessible.

  • (END VIDEO CLIP)

  • AZUZ: 10 Second Trivia. Which of these countries borders the Sea of Okhotsk China, Kazakhstan,

  • Ukraine or Japan? This body of water is

  • surrounded mostly by Russia, but is also bordered by Northern Japan.

  • Emperor Akihito was the first Japanese royal to marry a commoner. He was the first Japanese

  • emperor to visit China, Thailand and the Philippines.

  • And today, he becomes Japan`s first royal in 200 years to advocate to give up his throne.

  • The role of emperor is symbolic in Japan. The decision-

  • making power lies in the hands of its elected politicians.

  • But as that symbol of national unity, Emperor Akihito has been popular, and many Japanese

  • are sad to see him step down. In a rare televised address in

  • 2016, the emperor said he was worried that his age and fitness level would make it harder

  • for him to carry out his duties as he had until then.

  • The next year, Japan`s parliament passed the law that allowed him to advocate if he wanted

  • to. And on Wednesday, his son, Crown Prince Naruhito

  • will become the 126th emperor to ascend to Japan`s Chrysanthemum Throne, the name given

  • both to the emperor`s position and to his seat, used during

  • the coronation ceremony.

  • (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

  • WILL RIPLEY, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Crown Prince Naruhito inherits the Chrysanthemum Throne

  • at a time of transition for Japan. Once the region`s

  • economic powerhouse, today, the Japanese economy is struggling. The population, ageing and

  • the workforce, shrinking.

  • The royal family is also shrinking. Women are leaving and giving up their official duties.

  • The law says if a woman marries anyone outside of her own

  • 18-member imperial family, she automatically becomes a commoner. A man keeps his royal

  • status for life. As each princess marries and becomes a

  • commoner, the royal family keeps shrinking, fewer people to fulfill all the responsibilities.

  • TSUNEYASU TAKEDA, AUTHOR: You`re exactly right. And I believe that a certain number of Imperial

  • family members are needed, as the number has

  • been increasing rapidly.

  • RIPLEY: Japan used to have many noble families, but after the war, just one. Now, they`re

  • the royal equivalent of an endangered species. Japan

  • also used to allow women to sit on the Chrysanthemum Throne, but that was centuries ago. Today,

  • it`s a different story. The crown prince and

  • princess only have one child, 17-year-old Princess Aiko.

  • Under current law, she cannot ascend to the throne, so her cousin, 12-year- old Prince

  • Hisahito will be second in line after the abdication. Conservative commentator and Imperial

  • author Tsuneyasu Takeda argues

  • against women reigning again. The reason, preserving the male bloodline of the world`s-oldest,

  • continuous, heredity monarchy.

  • Why is it necessary for the - for the emperor to be a male?

  • TAKEDA: First, it`s essential to know why the emperor is an emperor. I think it`s very

  • important as an emperor, historically, is of the principle

  • of pedigree.

  • RIPLEY: But does that mindset put the whole existence of the royal family at risk? I mean

  • what if there isn`t a male heir? What if a male isn`t

  • born? Then what?

  • TAKEDA: This male line succession has been in effect for more than 2,000 years. There

  • was some periods when succession became difficult, but

  • historically, they solved the problem, not by putting a daughter or sister of the emperor

  • on the throne but by bringing in someone who had the male

  • line pedigree, even if he was a distant relative.

  • RIPLEY: But can the Japanese public continue to accept an Imperial family, perceived by

  • some as outdated, out of touch? The Japanese government will

  • soon discuss whether succession law needs to change. Some argue, if it doesn`t, the

  • Imperial family faces an uncertain future.

  • (END VIDEO CLIP)

  • AZUZ: When someone is set to receive an organ transplant, doctors have only a matter of

  • hours to get the organ to the recipient. Kidneys, lungs

  • and livers simply don`t survive very long when being transferred. Many human organs

  • are transported on airplanes. But some researchers are

  • testing out drones as a way to speed up to the process.

  • There are a number of obstacles to doing this. For one thing, the most recent test, which

  • was successful, only covered a couple miles. Experts

  • say drones would need engines, not batteries, in order to carry an organ cross-country.

  • Drone technology is still relatively new. There`re

  • concerns about how reliable it is.

  • And the Federal Aviation Administration still has strict rules concerning drones. Aslo,

  • some wouldn`t be able to lift the machines that keep organs

  • functioning, and special coolers will have to be developed to safely transport them.

  • Still, the technology could save lives.

  • (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

  • NATASHA CHEN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: From West Baltimore, a drone carrying a human organ

  • launches. It lands 2.8 miles away at the University of

  • Maryland Medical Center.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Confirming (inaudible) active, temperature`s appropriate, organ doesn`t

  • appeared to be injured at all.

  • CHEN: The kidney is then successfully transplanted into a patient, saving her life. The first

  • of its kind voyage has the potential to revolutionize

  • the organ transplant process.

  • UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This will have a direct impact on improving patient outcomes, where

  • time is critical.

  • CHEN: When performing an organ transplant, figuring out how to get it to the recipient

  • quickly is often the most complicated part. Any delays can

  • destroy the organ`s viability.

  • JOSEPH SCALEA, DOCTOR: The system is broken and it needs to be fixed. It takes too long,

  • it is unsafe, and it is way too expensive.

  • CHEN: The new technology has the potential to make it cheaper, faster and more reliable.

  • It could also widen the donor organ pool and improve access

  • for people in rural communities. The University of Maryland is now working with three organ

  • procurement organizations across the country to slowly

  • begin implementing drone use.

  • I`m Natasha Chen, reporting.

  • (END VIDEO CLIP)

  • AZUZ: Yoga with baby goats, 10 out of 10. A person who took part in this said she figured

  • it`d be, quote, "Yoga with goats running around," and

  • that`s pretty much what it was at this event in Kansas. Now, the animals do tend to get

  • in the way, and that`s all part of the fund.

  • And a farm representative says your hair and clothes are at risk of getting a serious nibble.

  • But if you don`t mind a downward-facing goat, with your

  • downward-facing dog, then you`ll probably want to nama-stay for more. You`ll sub breathing

  • for bleeding, posture for pasture, agility for

  • futility. If this very idea gets your goat and you feel like you got a bad workout, hey,

  • at least you`ll have a scapegoat.

  • I`m Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: On this last day of April, we thank you for taking 10 for CNN

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