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  • >> Sreenivasan: PASSAGE FROM ONE

  • COUNTRY TO ANOTHER IS NEVER EASY

  • FOR MIGRANTS FORCED TO DEPART OR

  • EVEN FLEE THEIR HOMES DUE TO

  • WANT OR WAR OR PERSECUTION.

  • BUT ONE PARTICULAR PATH WITHIN

  • EUROPE HAS BECOME ESPECIALLY

  • TREACHEROUS, THOUGH NOT ENOUGH

  • SO TO STOP THE FLOW OF PEOPLE ON

  • A QUEST FOR A BETTER LIFE.

  • NEWSHOUR WEEKEND SPECIAL

  • CORRESPONDENT CHRISTOPHER

  • LIVESAY AND VIDEOGRAPHER

  • ALESSANDRO PAVONE HAVE OUR

  • REPORT FROM THE ITALIAN AND

  • FRENCH ALPS.

  • >> Reporter: THESE ARE THE

  • FOOTSTEPS OF PEOPLE IN SEARCH OF

  • A BETTER LIFE.

  • THEY'VE ALREADY TRAVELED

  • THOUSANDS OF MILES FROM

  • CAMEROON, SENEGAL, CÔTE

  • D'IVOIRE, AND GAMBIA.

  • NOW, THEY'RE ATTEMPTING TO CROSS

  • THE ALPS FROM ITALY TO FRANCE,

  • RISKING LIFE AND LIMB IN

  • FREEZING TEMPERATURES, ON

  • SLIPPERY GROUND.

  • THEY MOVE AT NIGHT IN ORDER TO

  • EVADE DETECTION.

  • IN THIS BORDER REGION, IT'S A

  • NIGHTLY OCCURRENCE.

  • THESE YOUNG MEN ARE NOT USED TO

  • THE BITING COLD.

  • THESE ARE THE SAME MIGRANTS WHO

  • RISKED THEIR LIVES CROSSING THE

  • SCORCHING SANDS OF THE SAHARA

  • DESERT, AND THEN THE TREACHEROUS

  • WATERS OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA.

  • NOW, THEY'RE RISKING THEIR LIVES

  • ALL OVER AGAIN-- THIS TIME, TO

  • CROSS THE ALPS.

  • AN ESTIMATED 10,000 PEOPLE HAVE

  • CROSSED THROUGH THIS TREACHEROUS

  • MOUNTAIN PASS IN THE PAST YEAR.

  • DRIVING THEM IS THE CHANCE AT A

  • BETTER FUTURE IN MORE PROSPEROUS

  • FRANCE OR OTHER NORTHERN

  • EUROPEAN COUNTRIES.

  • IN THE SAME PERIOD, AID GROUPS

  • IN THE ALPS HAVE RESCUED MORE

  • THAN 5,000 MIGRANTS, SOME WHO

  • LOST LIMBS DUE TO FROSTBITE.

  • PAOLO NARCISI IS A DOCTOR AND

  • THE PRESIDENT OF RAINBOW FOR

  • AFRICA, AN ITALIAN CHARITY THAT

  • PROVIDES THEM WITH MEDICAL AID.

  • >> ( translated ): OFTENTIMES

  • THEY LOSE THEIR WAY, AND THEY

  • TAKE ROUTES THAT ARE EXTREMELY

  • DANGEROUS.

  • SOMETIMES THEY GO WITHOUT PROPER

  • WINTER CLOTHING OR WITHOUT

  • HAVING EVER SEEN SNOW BEFORE.

  • WE FEAR MANY HAVE DIED IN THE

  • PROCESS.

  • SEVERAL BODIES HAVE BEEN FOUND.

  • BUT WE'LL NEVER KNOW THE TRUE

  • DEATH TOLL BECAUSE THERE ARE

  • WOLVES AND FOXES, ANIMALS THAT

  • EAT CADAVERS.

  • WHEN YOU FALL INTO A CREVASSE

  • COVERED BY SNOW, THERE'S NO

  • GUARANTEE SOMEONE WILL FIND YOUR

  • BODY DURING THE SPRING THAW.

  • >> Reporter: TO UNDERSTAND WHY

  • MIGRANTS ARE TAKING SUCH DEADLY

  • RISKS, YOU HAVE TO LOOK BACK TO

  • 2015.

  • AT THE TIME, FRANCE'S BORDERS

  • WERE OPEN TO ITS NEIGHBORS,

  • ACCORDING TO E.U. PROTOCOLS.

  • THEN CAME DEVASTATING TERROR

  • ATTACKS IN PARIS THAT KILLED 130

  • PEOPLE.

  • WHILE MOST OF THE ATTACKERS WERE

  • FRENCH OR BELGIAN CITIZENS,

  • INVESTIGATORS BELIEVE THAT AT

  • LEAST TWO OF THEM POSED AS

  • REFUGEES TO ENTER EUROPE.

  • AFTER THE ATTACKS, THE BORDERS

  • WERE CLOSED.

  • THEN, LAST SPRING, FRENCH POLICE

  • BEGAN CRACKING DOWN ON

  • UNDOCUMENTED CROSSINGS.

  • DUE TO ITS RUGGED TERRAIN, ONE

  • AREA THAT POLICE COULDN'T SEAL

  • OFF COMPLETELY WAS HERE IN THE

  • ALPS.

  • BUT MIGRANTS SAY NO MATTER HOW

  • BLEAK THEIR PROSPECTS IN FRANCE,

  • THEY ARE EVEN WORSE IN ITALY,

  • WHERE ANTI-MIGRANT SENTIMENT HAS

  • BEEN BUILDING.

  • A SO-CALLED SECURITY LAW

  • RECENTLY PASSED BY PARLIAMENT

  • DOUBLES THE TIME UNDOCUMENTED

  • MIGRANTS CAN BE DETAINED AND

  • ELIMINATES HUMANITARIAN GROUNDS

  • FOR GRANTING ASYLUM TO MIGRANTS

  • UNLESS THEY'RE SPECIFICALLY

  • RUNNING FROM POLITICAL

  • PERSECUTION OR WAR.

  • THAT MEANS NO MORE ASYLUM FOR

  • VICTIMS OF GRAVE POLITICAL

  • INSTABILITY, FAMINE OR HARSH

  • ANTI-GAY LAWS IN THEIR HOME

  • COUNTRIES.

  • THE LAW WAS DESIGNED BY ITALY'S

  • RECENTLY ELECTED VICE PREMIER

  • AND INTERIOR MINISTER: MATTEO

  • SALVINI.

  • HE'S ALSO THE LEADER OF THE

  • ANTI-MIGRANT LEAGUE PARTY.

  • >> ( translated ): YOU'RE NOT

  • FLEEING WAR.

  • YOU'RE NOT ESCAPING TORTURE.

  • WHAT DO YOU HAVE TO DO?

  • GO BACK TO YOUR COUNTRY.

  • WE ALREADY HAVE FIVE MILLION

  • ITALIANS LIVING IN POVERTY, SO I

  • CAN'T HOST HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS

  • OF OTHER PEOPLE FROM THE REST OF

  • THE WORLD.

  • >> Reporter: HAVING BEEN DENIED

  • ASYLUM ON HUMANITARIAN GROUNDS,

  • UNDER THIS NEW LAW, MIGRANTS ARE

  • INELIGIBLE TO ACCESS SHELTERS.

  • U.N. AGENCIES FEAR THAT

  • THOUSANDS OF MIGRANTS WILL END

  • UP ON THE STREETS.

  • THIS AS HATE IS ON THE RISE.

  • LUNARIA, AN ITALIAN CIVIL

  • SOCIETY GROUP, RECORDED 126

  • RACIALLY-MOTIVATED VIOLENT

  • CRIMES LAST YEAR, NEARLY TRIPLE

  • THOSE OF 2017.

  • >> ( translated ): MIGRANTS WERE

  • BEGINNING TO INTEGRATE.

  • MANY FOUND JOBS OR WERE LEARNING

  • ITALIAN AND GOING TO SCHOOL.

  • BUT NOW, OUT OF FEAR, THEY WANT

  • TO CROSS THE BORDER, FEAR OF

  • LOSING THOSE FEW RIGHTS THEY

  • HAD, AND FEAR OF THE CHANGING

  • POLITICAL CLIMATE IN ITALY.

  • AT THE SAME TIME, IT PUSHES

  • MIGRANTS OUT OF THE COUNTRY AND

  • WINS VOTES FOR THE LEAGUE.

  • >> ( translated ): IT'S EXACTLY

  • THE OPPOSITE, BECAUSE WE'RE

  • TRYING TO MANAGE IMMIGRATION IN

  • AN ORDERLY WAY.

  • >> Reporter: RICCARDO MOLINARI

  • IS THE HOUSE WHIP IN PARLIAMENT

  • FOR SALVINI'S LEAGUE PARTY.

  • HE REPRESENTS THE PLACE WHERE

  • MIGRANTS ARE ATTEMPTING THEIR

  • DANGEROUS CROSSINGS, THE ALPINE

  • REGION OF PIEDMONT THAT BORDERS

  • FRANCE.

  • >> ( translated ): PREVIOUSLY,

  • THE GOVERNMENT PRETENDED NOT TO

  • NOTICE MIGRANTS, SO THEY HOPED

  • THAT THESE PEOPLE WOULD

  • EVENTUALLY MOVE ON TO NORTHERN

  • EUROPE.

  • AT A CERTAIN POINT, COUNTRIES

  • LIKE AUSTRIA AND FRANCE BEGAN

  • CRACKING DOWN AND CLOSED THEIR

  • BORDERS WITH ITALY, AND WE WERE

  • STUCK WITH THE PROBLEM.

  • THESE PEOPLE KEPT COMING, AND

  • OUR MIGRATION SYSTEM COULDN'T

  • HANDLE IT.

  • SO, NOW, WE EITHER HAVE TO

  • EITHER REPATRIATE THEM OR KEEP

  • THEM OUT.

  • >> Reporter: TO KEEP THEM OUT,

  • THE NEW GOVERNMENT HAS ALSO

  • CLOSED ITALIAN PORTS TO SHIPS

  • OPERATED BY PRIVATE CHARITIES

  • CARRYING MIGRANTS.

  • >> ( translated ): WE BLOCKED

  • WHAT WAS IN FACT AN INVASION OF

  • OUR COUNTRY.

  • WE HAD AN INFLUX OF 200,000

  • PEOPLE PER YEAR, THE LARGE PART

  • OF WHICH WERE ILLEGAL.

  • WITH THE NEW GOVERNMENT, WE

  • TIGHTENED THE SCREWS AND REDUCED

  • MIGRANT ARRIVALS BY 95%.

  • >> Reporter: BUT IN THE

  • MEANTIME, YOU HAVE HUNDREDS OF

  • THOUSANDS OF MIGRANTS WHO ARE

  • ALREADY HERE.

  • THOUSANDS OF THEM HAVE ALREADY

  • CROSSED THROUGH THE FRENCH ALPS.

  • SOME HAVE EVEN DIED OR HURT

  • THEMSELVES VERY SEVERELY.

  • >> ( translated ): OBVIOUSLY, NO

  • ONE WANTS ANY HARM TO COME TO

  • THESE PEOPLE, BUT THE BEST WAY

  • TO SAVE LIVES IS TO PREVENT

  • MIGRANTS FROM COMING IN THE

  • FIRST PLACE.

  • >> Reporter: AS FOR THOSE WHO

  • ARE ALREADY IN ITALY, SOME, LIKE

  • THESE MIGRANTS, ARE DETERMINED

  • TO GET OUT.

  • MOST ARE ORIGINALLY FROM FORMER

  • FRENCH COLONIES AND SPEAK

  • FRENCH, SOMETHING THAT DIDN'T

  • HELP THEM IN ITALY BUT THEY HOPE

  • WILL LAND THEM A JOB IN FRANCE.

  • SOME ARE PREPARED, OTHERS ARE

  • NOT.

  • ONE, NAMED MORY, SAYS HE'S

  • AFRAID TO SHOW HIS WHOLE FACE,

  • IN CASE HE GETS CAUGHT.

  • WHY ARE YOU RISKING YOUR LIFE?

  • >> ( translated ): I'VE BEEN

  • LIVING ON THE STREETS IN NAPLES.

  • PEOPLE ARE RACIST HERE.

  • >> Reporter: THEY AGREE TO LET

  • US FOLLOW THEM ON THEIR JOURNEY

  • FROM ITALY TO FRANCE.

  • A BUS TAKES US JUST A FEW

  • HUNDRED YARDS FROM THE BORDER.

  • THEY'RE STOPPED BY RED CROSS

  • VOLUNTEERS AND TOLD TO TURN BACK

  • BECAUSE OF THE PHYSICAL DANGER.

  • >> ( translated ): IF PEOPLE GET

  • HURT, WE HAVE TO TAKE THEM BACK

  • TO ITALY, OF COURSE.

  • >> Reporter: THEY IGNORE THE

  • WARNINGS, BUT THEY DON'T KNOW

  • THE WAY.

  • OKAY, SO, THESE GUYS ARE

  • COMPLETELY LOST.

  • THEY DON'T KNOW WHICH WAY THE

  • FRENCH BORDER IS.

  • THEY HEAD OFF-ROAD TO AVOID

  • BEING SPOTTED.

  • I'M PRETTY SURE THERE'S THE

  • POLICE COMING RIGHT UP BEHIND

  • US.

  • ALIHGE SOSO IS ORIGINALLY FROM

  • GAMBIA.

  • HE TELLS ME THAT ON HIS WAY TO

  • ITALY, PASSING THROUGH LIBYA, HE

  • WAS ARRESTED FOR ILLEGAL

  • MIGRATION AND ABUSED WHILE IN

  • DETENTION IN A MIGRANT CAMP.

  • FIRST, YOU RISKED YOUR LIFE