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  • These social scientists studied a group of farmers and gave them IQ tests throughout

  • the year.

  • Same farmers, same test.

  • But what they found is that these farmers did much, much worse Before they'd actually

  • harvested crops.

  • When everything was starting to go towards empty, they actually had lower IQ scores.

  • And then, when they tested them at a point when the harvest had come in, their IQs went

  • up.

  • And so then they were trying to figure out, how did the same person's IQ actually change

  • throughout the year?

  • And then they ran a similar test on Americans.

  • And what they did is they asked people a bunch of IQ related questions and got baseline scores.

  • And then they said, hey, you now have a bill that you cannot pay.

  • Just think about that.

  • And then they gave them the same IQ test again.

  • And low and behold, the Americans who were presented with a bill that they could not

  • pay, even though it was obviously a fictitious bill, actually had lower IQ scores.

  • And it turns out that not being able to pay your bills has the functional equivalent of

  • decreasing your IQ by 13 points, or one standard deviation.

  • And what they found is, there's a mindset of scarcity that's associated with when you

  • don't have enough money, or you don't have enough time, or you don't have enough food,

  • or if you don't have enough companionship.

  • And it actually decreases your functional bandwidth.

  • It's different than stress.

  • It actually makes you less reasonable, less rational, less generous, and more subject

  • to bad ideas and bad impulses, including even things like racism and xenophobia.

  • Now, the opposite of a mindset of scarcity is a mindset of abundance, which is what most

  • entrepreneurs have.

  • A mindset of abundance is a sense of optimism that if you build it, it will improve.

  • You will be able to get the resources, you will be able to get the customers, you will

  • hire and find the right people.

  • And, abundance and optimism ends up building unto itself and producing results if the environment

  • is right.

  • And so, this scarcity mindset and abundance mindset are very much in opposition.

  • And, we're programmed with a scarcity mindset in many ways, because genetically, we're brought

  • into an existence where things were scarce, where if you ate too much in a particular

  • period, maybe you won't have enough to eat later.

  • And so, right now, this tension is something that humans and Americans struggle with all

  • the time.

  • Unfortunately, right now, the scarcity mindset is going up and up in the United States, because

  • people can't pay their bills.

  • 78% of Americans are living paycheck to paycheck.

  • 57% can't afford an unexpected $500 bill.

  • And so if there's a sense that the United States is getting less reasonable, less rational,

  • even more subject to bad ideas, and less open to other people, it's related to the fact

  • that right now a mindset of scarcity has swept this country because of pervasive financial

  • insecurity.

  • And that's one of the reasons why I'm so passionate about a Universal Basic Income, The Freedom

  • Dividend, to help reverse this trend, get the boot off of people's throats, and replace

  • the mindset of scarcity with a mindset of abundance.

  • With a mindset of abundance, we would see untold new-- hundreds and thousands of entrepreneurs,

  • artists, creatives, founders, starting new things and organizations and projects and

  • companies around the country.

  • Because what we need for that to happen, more than anything else, is a mindset of abundance

  • and people thinking that if they take the right moves into the future, they'll actually

  • succeed.

These social scientists studied a group of farmers and gave them IQ tests throughout


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B1 中級

アンドリュー・ヤン:金融不安がアメリカのIQスコアを沈める方法 (Andrew Yang: How financial insecurity sinks American IQ scores)

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    王惟惟 に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日