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  • This is what China calls a“vocational education and training centre".

  • Beijing says the centres are designed to teach Muslim ethnic minorities from Xinjiang - in China's far west - job skills and how to be a good citizen.

  • These students are reading a Chinese lesson called “I am a law abiding citizen”.

  • China says this centre is a humane way of tackling terrorism in the remote, restive province.

  • But there's a growing body of evidence that suggests instead of being schools,

  • these centres are more like prisons as part of a rapidly expanding network of detention facilities aimed at brainwashing the region's Muslim population.

  • If you take a close look at the vision,

  • you'll notice that some of the evidence is hiding in the plain sight.

  • There are at leat 5 security cameras watching this classroom

  • and this basketball court in the background of this video is actually just a mat rolled out for the visiting media.

  • This compound, found on Google Earth, is surrounded by razor wire.

  • Three years ago this area was just a patch of dirt.

  • Today it's a detention centre measuring more than half-a-million square meters.

  • That's 25 MCGs stacked next to each other.

  • By piecing together snippets of information like this,

  • analysts from the Australian Strategic Policy Institute

  • have created what's probably the most comprehensive snapshot of the network to date.

  • 28 so-called re-education camps covering around 2.7 million square metres.

  • It's likely this is just a fraction of the network's full size, with some estimates suggesting there are more than a million people being detained.

  • I think what we're seeing here is a breach of human rights that is of such a scale that we haven't seen since the post Tiananmen Square crackdown in China.

  • If this information is to be believed,

  • China has embarked on its greatest social upheaval since its Cultural Revolution of the 1960s and 70s,

  • when millions of Chinese citizens were detained, tortured and killed.

  • So why is it happening?

  • The answer lies in Xinjiang's recent history.

  • The region has a population of about 24 million and covers an area that is about one-fifth the size of Australia.

  • At least half that population are Uighurs,

  • an ethnic community of Turkic Muslims.

  • The province has long been the epicentre of a sometimes violent separatist movement

  • which seeks to establish an independent homeland called East Turkestan.

  • Beijing brands the movement as terrorist and has responded by massively increasing its local security forces,

  • building police stations on almost every block,

  • and creating a vast electronic surveillance network.

  • Human Rights Watch says authorities in Xinjiang

  • have forced the locals to submit to the collection of an array of biometric data,

  • including voice, blood, DNA samples and iris scans.

  • Many firsthand accounts of life in Xinjiang describe a repressive environment

  • designed to eradicate local Islamic customs that offend Beijing's Communist sensibilities.

  • Adelaide resident Adam Turan says his father was detained in a camp near the Xinjiang city of Kashgar for a year.

  • He was released in September but died a few weeks later.

  • Now, Adam Turan wants answers,

  • but all he has received is this photo of his father, taken soon after he was released.

  • That was gobsmacking, unbelievable how he changed over a year,

  • I think because of the torture he's faced in the internment camps.

  • Australians are also being held in the camps.

  • The Department of Foreign Affairs has confirmed that

  • three Australian citizens were detained in Xinjiang last year, but were later released.

  • What makes this new data so important is that Xinjiang is an information black hole.

  • When the ABC visited the region earlier this year,

  • more than twenty security officials kept a 24-hour watch over our crew, and heavily restricted filming.

  • A spokesperson for the Chinese Embassy in Canberra declined to be interviewed and instead referred the ABC to a recent news article.

  • Published in a state-owned newspaper,

  • the article says the camps are designed to improve the lives of Xinjiang's Uighurs.

  • But given the growing body of evidence being gathered by Uighur activists and Western researchers,

  • that's a claim that increasingly hard to believe.

This is what China calls a“vocational education and training centre".


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B1 中級

衛星画像で中国の秘密基地を発見|ABCニュース (Finding secret camps in China via satellite imagery | ABC News)

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    Amy.Lin に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日