字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント 1. Camera shot A camera shot is the amount of space that is seen in one shot or frame. A close-up contains just one character's face. This enables viewers to understand the actor's emotions and also allows them to feel empathy for the character. This is also known as a personal shot. An extreme long shot contains a large amount of landscape. It is often used at the beginning of a scene or a film to establish general location like the setting. This is also known as an establishing shot. 2. Camera angles: high angle Camera angles are used to position the viewer so that they can understand the relationships between the characters. A high angle is a camera angle that looks down upon a subject. A character shot with a high angle will look vulnerable or small. 3. Camera angles: low angle This is the opposite of a high angle and makes a character look more powerful. This can make the audience feel vulnerable and small by looking up at the character. We feel sorry for LAZA here because she seems to have gotten in trouble with something! 4. Lighting Lighting creates atmosphere. What kind of atmosphere is created in a room lit by candles? Feels more calm and serene, even more romantic. A dark or shadowy room might be eerie or scary. 5. Mise en Scene “Mise en scene” literally translates from french to 'put in scene' and refers to all the objects and characters in a particular frame. More specifically, it refers to the composition of the frame. When you use the term mise en scene, you are discussing where the composer or director has placed all the elements of the scene within the frame. In this scene we can see how frazzled LAZA is - the watch, the great number books, and the hair shows that she's probably in a rush or stressed! 6. Sound: Diegetic sound is sound that occurs in film that is natural. These sounds include doors opening and closing, and footsteps. Basically anything that is a naturally occuring sound INSIDE the film is diegetic sound. Imagine that the film is real. If you could hear that sound in real life, it is diegetic. 7. Sound: Non-Diegetic sound is sound that is added to the film during editing. These music that sets mood for films Any sound that would not occur if the film were real is non-diegetic sound. For example, when you are sad, violins do not suddenly start playing! Sound again, adds further meaning. 8. Editing Dissolve This occurs when one scene slowly fades into another. This is often done to show the link between two scenes or the passing of time. For example, we have Laza prancing around in the park here and the dissolve shows that she's now sleeping so some time has probably passed and we've taken out the boring stuff like when she walks home. Wipes There are a variety of wipes. Wipes are used as transitional techniques between scenes. The following are examples of wipes. Pay close attention to how these wipes link scenes and therefore help to shape meaning. You can see here that Laza is on the couch Laza is brushing her teeth Laza's studying, which gives you a better idea of what her days are like. 9. Camera movement Panning is used to give the viewer a panoramic view of a set or setting. This can be used to establish a scene. For example, it's quite clear here that this is some sort of park that Laza has been prancing in. 10. Special Effects Special effects are used when a sequence or scene in a film cannot be achieved through the usual techniques. Here we have kaleidoscope. Kaleidoscope is often used for confusion, or, a different mental state than normal And these are just a few of the essential film techniques you need to know in order to start studying a film! Good luck! Hey everyone! I hope you enjoyed this video and if you did, you can check out my first video in this studying film series on 10 HACKS FOR STUDYING FILMS and, just below that I've got my winter workshops coming up for VCE Study Guides If you're in year 11 or year 12 studying English AND English Language, then these workshops are perfect for you! I'm going to be at every single one of them! We've got a few sign ups already so I'm sooo excited! So hopefully get to see more of you there definitely go ahead and check it out! If don't want to wait until the next video, you can receive extra special subscriber's videos only via VCE Study Guides newsletter through our website, so jump over there and sign up to receive VIP access to information :) I'm OUT!! Cya guys!