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  • Hi guys, welcome back to English with Max.

  • Today I am going to talk about some of the most common mistakes made by non-native English-speakers.

  • Please remember that mistakes are OK.

  • Nobody is perfect and it is often by making mistakes that we learn the best. Plus mistakes can

  • sometimes just be really funny. However, there are two reasons why you should try to reduce

  • the number of mistakes you make. Firstly, people will probably understand you better,

  • and secondly, particularly if you are in a professional or an academic situation,

  • people will most likely take you more seriously. I know that sounds superficial, but unfortunately it is the truth.

  • The mistakes I'm going to talk about aren't specific to one nationality or to one group of people

  • who have the same native language. These are mistakes that people from many different places make.

  • First I'm going to show you the mistake, so I'll show you a phrase or a sentence that has a mistake in it.

  • Then I'll give you a few moments to see if you can identify the mistake,

  • and then I'll give you the correction and the explanation.

  • Here we go.

  • Number one: Jim has blue eyes and brown hairs.

  • Yes, the correction is: Jim has blue eyes and brown hair.

  • The reason we leave off the "s" is because normally the word "hair" is uncountable.

  • If we are talking about the hair on our head, we have to say "hair".

  • You can say "hairs" sometimes in English. For example, if you see some strands of hair on your bathroom floor,

  • if you can count them individually, you can say: "There are hairs on my bathroom floor."

  • You can also say "hairs" if there are some

  • hairs on a part of your body where normally you don't have much hair.

  • For example, I could say: "There are hairs growing out of my ears."

  • That means it's time to get the tweezers out.

  • Just remember that if it is the hair on your head, you have to say: "Jim has brown hair."

  • If you say to a native speaker: "Jim has brown hairs," the person will probably say: "Where?

  • Where are these brown hairs?"

  • Number two: I was very boring in class.

  • Correction: I was very bored in class.

  • Yes, the difference between "bored" and "boring".

  • I know this is difficult for for a lot of people because in many languages there is just one word,

  • whereas in English we have two. "Boring" means that something is uninteresting, or it doesn't

  • hold your attention. But "bored" is a mental state, so it's when your mind isn't being

  • stimulated, or something is tiring you. You could, for example, say: "I was bored watching

  • the boring movie." Technically you can say: "I was very boring in class." But it has a

  • different meaning. The teacher could say: "I was very boring in class." That means that

  • the students did not find her interesting, or him interesting. But if you are a student,

  • and you are just sitting there, and your mind is not being stimulated, you have to say:

  • "I was bored in class."

  • Frank are you bored or are you boring?

  • Don't answer that.

  • Number three: Every night I throw the rubbish.

  • What you should say is: "Every night I throw out the rubbish." Or: "Every night I throw the rubbish out."

  • Both are correct. Yes, I know it's phrasal verbs again! If you don't know

  • what a phrasal verb is, I highly recommend that you watch this video here in which I

  • give a general introduction to phrasal verbs. But basically, a phrasal verb is a verb plus

  • an adjective or an adverb.

  • And a phrasal verb can have a very different meaning to the original verb.

  • So here the phrasal verb is "throw out", and the original verb is of course "to throw".

  • "Throw out" means to get rid of something or to dispose of something. So, for example,

  • when you put your rubbish in a rubbish bin, you are throwing something out.

  • "To throw" means that you propel something through the air.

  • For example, this is me throwing a ball.

  • This is me throwing Frank.

  • And this is me throwing the rubbish.

  • And this is me throwing out the rubbish.

  • You can also say: "Throwing the rubbish out." In any case, the word "out" here is very important.

  • Number four: That song is very liked.

  • The correction is: That song is well liked.

  • You possibly have made this mistake if you are a Romance language speaker,

  • so if you speak Portuguese or Spanish, Italian, French.

  • Even very advanced speakers of English do make this mistake sometimes.

  • I know these sentences look very similar,

  • but the first one is incorrect because "very" cannot go in front of a verb. It has

  • to go in front of an adjective or an adverb. So, you can say, for example:

  • "That man is much admired." But you cannot say: "That man is very admired."

  • You could say: "That man is very much admired." That is perfectly fine because in this case

  • "very" is in front of "much". Be careful, just because a word has "ed" at the end, that doesn't necessarily

  • mean it is a verb. Let's look at these sentences: "Jane is very interested." Or: "Frank is very worried."

  • Here "worried" and "interested" are adjectives, so "very" in these sentences is perfectly fine.

  • However, you cannot say: "That song is very liked." Or: "That expression is very used."

  • Because in these sentences "used" and "liked" are verbs.

  • If you like grammatical terminology, these are verbs in the passive construction.

  • If you don't like grammar, just remember: "very" plus verb, no!

  • Number five: I did a mistake.

  • Yes, you did. You did, indeed, make a mistake if you said: "I did a mistake."

  • Of course the correct way to say it is: "I made a mistake."

  • I'm not going to give you a long explanation here because when it comes to "do" and "make"

  • there isn't really a concrete rule. Yes, in general, "make" is used when something is created or produced.

  • For example, you could say: "That company makes furniture." Or: "I like making cakes."

  • And generally, "do" is used for activities or behaviours.

  • Like: "Frank never does his homework." Or: "I do exercises every day."

  • Which is why I have these nice big muscles.

  • But like I said, those are just general rules.

  • And for many common things that we do every day, like making phone calls or making mistakes,

  • you just have to learn it and remember it.

  • Number six (and this is the last one for today): This kind of mistakes.

  • Correction: This kind of mistake OR These kinds of mistakes.

  • This mistake is very easy to fix, because

  • you just have to remember that if the first part of the phrase is singular, then the next

  • part also is singular. If the first part is plural, then the next part is plural. This

  • is why you can say: "this kind of mistake." "Kind" and "mistake'" are both singular. You

  • can also say: "these kinds of mistakes." "Kinds" and "mistakes" are both plural. You can also

  • use the words "that" and "those". Hopefully you know the difference between "this" and

  • "that" and "these" and "those". If you don't, write a comment down below and I will try

  • to do a video on it. Anyway, back to what I was saying, this rule also applies to words

  • like "sort" or "type". So, you can say: "this type of person", "that type of person", "these

  • types of people", or "those types of people".

  • Some examples with "sort": "this sort of book", "those sorts of movies".

  • That is all for today, guys. I hope you found this video useful.

  • If you did, please give me a thumbs up. You can also subscribe to my channel if you want

  • to get updated on new videos. And as usual, if you have any comments or questions, feel

  • free to write them down below in the comments section.

  • See ya later!

Hi guys, welcome back to English with Max.

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A2 初級

6 よくある英語の間違い (6 Common English Mistakes)

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    Chih-yuan Weng に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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