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  • Hello. Welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.

    こんにちは、 6 Minute English へようこそ、私はニールです。

  • And I'm Sam.


  • And we are sitting here in new broadcasting house, in the middle of London.


  • Would you say, Sam, that this is an isolated place?


  • Oh no, not at all. Isolated means far away from other places and people.


  • Does that mean then, do you think, that you can't be lonely here, with all these people around and all these things to do?


  • Ah, good question. Can you be lonely in a crowd?


  • Yes, of course.


  • I think you can be because being lonely isn't about physical isolation.


  • I think you can be lonely anywhere.


  • If you feel that you are disconnected from the world around you.


  • If you feel that no one understands you.


  • If you are living happily in isolation in The Scottish Highlands, for example, I'm sure you could feel lonely if you came here to London.


  • Well, loneliness is today's topic.


  • The BBC has just completed a big survey about it which we will learn more about shortly.

    BBC が孤独についての大規模な調査を行いました、あとで詳しく紹介しますが。

  • But first, of course, a question: Where is the most isolated inhabited place on the planet?

    もちろん、まず最初に、1 つクイズ:地球上で最も孤立している過疎地域はどこなのか?

  • By which I mean the place furthest away from anywhere else with the fewest people living there.


  • Is it: a) McMurdo Station in Antarctica.

    それは以下のどれでしょう? a) 南極のマックマード基地

  • b) Siwa Oasis in Egypt's Western Desert.

    b) エジプトの西部砂漠にあるシワ

  • Or is it c) the island of Tristan da Cunha in the South Atlantic?

    それとも c) 南大西洋にあるトリスタンダクーニャ

  • What do you think, Sam?


  • I've got absolutely no idea, so this is just a guess - I think it's the one in Antarctica. I'm going to go with that.

    私は全然わからないわ。ただの推測で答えるわね - 南極大陸にある地域と思うわ、それでいくわ。

  • Well, we'll have the answer later on in the program.


  • Loneliness is seen as a big problem for the mental health of the population, so much so that the British government has a minister for loneliness.


  • But which age group suffers most from loneliness?


  • Here is a BBC report about the research.

    調査についての BBC レポートです。

  • There is a common stereotype that loneliness affects only the old and the isolated.


  • It does, but this experiment also shows that loneliness is felt throughout life.


  • People aged between 16 and 24 experience loneliness more often and more intensely than any other age group.

    16 歳から 24 歳の人は他の年齢層に比べより強い孤独感を体験しています。

  • So according to the research, Sam, which section of society is most affected by loneliness?


  • This might be a surprise, but it's 16 to 24 year olds.

    驚きかもしれないけど、16 歳から24 歳ね。

  • I was surprised by that because like many, I would've guessed that it was older people.


  • The reporter did say that that was a stereotype.


  • A stereotype is nothing to do with stereo music.


  • But it's the noun we use to describe a very simple and basic judgement of someone and their character and personality based on their age, nationality, profession and so on.


  • So a stereotype of British people is that we can't cook, we have bad teeth, we are very reserved and never say what we mean.


  • I don't know what you mean, my cooking is wonderful, Sam.


  • And the stereotype is that old people get lonely.


  • Much like the stereotypes of British people, this may be true in some cases.


  • I've eaten some of your home-cooked meals remember, Neil - but it's not true for the majority.

    ニール、あなたの手料理食べたことあるから - でもそれがみんなに当てはまるというわけではありません。

  • It is young people who feel lonely more often and more intensely.


  • The feeling of loneliness is stronger in young people than older people.


  • The reporter goes on to give some explanation for why young people might be more lonely.


  • Researchers from the University of Manchester who analyzed the data, suggested feeling lonely may plague the young because it's a time of identity change.


  • Figuring out your place in the world and of learning to regulate emotions.


  • He says that feeling lonely may plague young people, what does he mean there?


  • If you are plagued by something, it means that it troubles you, it bothers you and not just once.

    plagued by〜とは、何かがあなたを悩ませている、困らせるという意味です、そして頻度は一回だけではありません。

  • It's something that happens continually or repeatedly.


  • And he says this may be because at that age we are still figuring out our place in the world.


  • We are trying to understand the world and what we are supposed to do with our lives.


  • He also suggests that younger people have not yet learned how to "regulate" their emotions, which is another way of saying to control their emotions.


  • Right. Time to review this week's vocabulary, but before that let's have the answer to the quiz.


  • I asked: Where is the most isolated inhabited place on the planet? Is it:


  • a) McMurdo Station in Antarctica.

    a) 南極のマックマード基地

  • b) Siwa Oasis in Egypt's Western Desert.

    b) エジプトの西部砂漠にあるシワ

  • Or c) the island of Tristan da Cunha in the South Atlantic?

    c) 南大西洋にあるトリスタンダクーニャ

  • What did you say, Sam?


  • Sam: I said a).

    サム: a) の南極のマックマード基地よ。

  • Well, I'm afraid to say the answer is actually c) the island of Tristan da Cunha in the South Atlantic.

    残念だけど正解は c) の南大西洋にあるトリスタンダクーニャです。

  • It has a population of fewer than 300 and it's only accessible by a 6-day voyage by ship from South Africa.

    人口は 300 人以下で、そこに行ける手段はたった 1 つ、南アフリカからでる船で 6 日間もかかります。

  • So not a popular place for a weekend break!


  • Indeed not. Now it's time for a recap of our vocabulary.


  • The first word was isolated, which Tristan da Cunha certainly is.


  • It means far away from other place and people.


  • Then there was stereotype the noun for a simplistic view of person or group based on their nationality, age, profession and the like.


  • Intensely means strongly.


  • Being plagued by something means it causes you problems and difficulties.

    plagued by〜 は、あることがあなたに困難や苦労を引き起こすという意味でしたね。

  • If you are trying to figure something out, you are trying to understand it.

    「figure 〜 out」は、理解しようとするという意味です。

  • And to regulate something means to control it.

    そして「regulate」 とは何かをコントロールするという意味です。

  • Well, sadly, that's the end of the program.


  • Hopefully you won't feel too lonely without us.


  • Remember we are always here on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube our App and of course the website

    Instagram、Facebook、Twitter、YouTube や私たちのアプリ、もちろん もあります。

  • See you soon. Goodbye.


  • Bye!


Hello. Welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.

こんにちは、 6 Minute English へようこそ、私はニールです。

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B1 中級 日本語 孤独 寂しく サム 南極 感じる 概念

[リスニング対策] BBC 6 分英語 若い人が孤独を感じる理由 (Why do young people feel so lonely? Listen to 6 Minute English)

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    Evangeline に公開 2019 年 05 月 02 日