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  • Hello, I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

  • If you're new, welcome to my English-learning channel!

  • If you've been watching for a while

  • and you haven't subscribed yet,

  • go ahead and do it!

  • All you need to do is click the red button down there

  • to keep up-to-date with all of my lessons here.

  • This lesson today is one that I wanted to make for you

  • and that I needed to make for me!

  • And many of the other native English speakers

  • out there, who mess up these words!

  • The difference between the word 'effect' and 'affect'.

  • They sound almost exactly the same

  • when they're spoken naturally.

  • Effect and affect.

  • In both words, the stress is on the second syllable

  • so the unstressed syllable at the start of each word,

  • it sounds pretty similar,

  • even though they're different vowel letters.

  • So it's not easy to hear the difference between them

  • when you're listening.

  • If I say affect and effect, you can hear the difference.

  • But that's not how these words are spoken naturally.

  • And the meaning of these words is also very similar.

  • They both talk about something changing another thing

  • but they are different types of words.

  • Effect is usually a noun

  • and affect is usually a verb.

  • Now I say usually because there are times

  • when affect is a noun and effect is a verb

  • but most of the time, you'll see effect as a noun

  • and affect as a verb.

  • See how confusing these two little words are for us?

  • I say us because these two words

  • even confuse me sometimes.

  • I make this mistake too

  • and many native English speakers make this mistake.

  • Many, many of them and much, much more often

  • than you think!

  • And much more often than they think, as well!

  • So this video is important for all of us.

  • I can tell you with a decent amount of confidence

  • that at least half of the native English speakers

  • that I know sometimes make this mistake

  • by accident

  • but it's really, really common in emails.

  • So let's go over all of this together now,

  • starting with effect,

  • the verb.

  • The verb affect means to change something,

  • to influence something or to impact on something.

  • So try to remember that the a in affect stands for action

  • so it needs to be a verb.

  • Long flights can affect your blood circulation.

  • The weather affected the outcome of the football match

  • Her illness will affect her examination results.

  • So in all of these examples, affect is a verb.

  • Affect is a synonym of change and influence.

  • So one thing is changing or influencing another thing.

  • My savings - so that's the money that I save -

  • my savings affect where I travel.

  • When I have a lot of savings,

  • I go abroad for my holidays.

  • When I don't have a lot of savings,

  • I go on short trips near my home,

  • often to visit friends.

  • The amount of money that I have saved

  • influences where I go for my holidays.

  • Okay now effect, the noun.

  • So this is the experience of the action,

  • the result of the change.

  • Warm weather

  • always has a positive effect on my mood

  • The community felt the effects of the financial crisis.

  • Have you noticed any effects

  • since you changed your diet?

  • In all of these examples, effect is a noun

  • and you can see that it's a noun from the structure

  • in these sentences.

  • Effect is a synonym of result or consequence.

  • If something affects you,

  • you will feel the effect of the change.

  • Okay, compare these two sentences.

  • The storm affected the local community.

  • The action happened to the community.

  • The community saw the effects of the tropical storm.

  • The community saw the result of the storm.

  • But as usual, the English language would not make it

  • so simple for you, would it?

  • Be aware that effect is also sometimes used as a verb

  • particularly in fixed expressions such as

  • to effect change.

  • So in this expression, effect is actually a verb

  • and it means to produce something

  • or to cause something.

  • The government needs to affect change or else

  • the community will lose confidence in them to lead.

  • Now it's unusual or less common for effect to be a verb

  • but it's possible, it does happen,

  • particularly in fixed expressions like this.

  • But try not to get too stuck on this, okay?

  • These words can be hard to tame for all of us.

  • So, remember that most of the time, affect is a verb

  • - a for action.

  • And effect is a noun

  • most of the time.

  • Although these words are tricky to master,

  • I hope that I've given you a couple of helpful tips

  • to improve your grammar when you're writing,

  • whether you're learning English as a second language

  • or if you're a native English speaker

  • who needs to brush up on some of that grammar.

  • It's easy to get complacent.

  • Before we finish, I've got a few questions

  • that you can practise with.

  • I want you to choose whether effect or affect

  • is the correct word in these sentences

  • starting here.

  • Some of the effects/affects of this medication

  • are sleep loss and headaches.

  • Is it effect or affect?

  • Effect. The effects.

  • The article tells us that it must be a noun.

  • Will the new rules effect/affect us too?

  • Affect or effect?

  • Affect.

  • The structure of the sentence tells us

  • that it must be a verb.

  • I hope the weather doesn't effect/affect

  • your plans today. Aren't you going to the beach?

  • Affect. Again the structure of the sentence

  • is telling us that we need a verb.

  • We'll create a greater effect/affect if we call a strike

  • and don't go to work tomorrow.

  • Affect or effect?

  • It's effect.

  • A greater effect.

  • So the article tells us that it must be a noun.

  • How did you go?

  • Make sure that you subscribe

  • to the mmmEnglish Channel for new English lessons

  • every week.

  • Just down there.

  • And keep watching, keep learning right here

  • with some of my other English lessons.

  • Thanks for watching and I'll see you next week for sure.

  • Bye for now!

Hello, I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

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A2 初級

EFFECTかAFFECTか?ネイティブもやってしまう英語の間違い! (EFFECT or AFFECT? English Mistakes that Native Speakers Make too!!)

  • 668 46
    Emily に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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