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  • hello everyone Darren here and today we're gonna talk about Russian nouns

  • let's begin so what is a noun and noun names a person and animal thing

  • phenomenon may be substance all of those are nouns and Russian nouns

  • have several features that I want you to know about and one of them is gender

  • gender is our today's topic and in Russian it's wrote wrote remember our

  • pronunciation lesson for the last week we don't say role do we say what roots

  • okay so genders in Russian we have three genders guess what masculine of course

  • feminine and loiter loiter feminine masculine let's talk a little bit about

  • masculine and feminine first because they are super easy

  • uh first way to understand which nouns goes to which gender is to look if it's

  • a person if it's a man obviously it's he masculine if it's a

  • woman obviously well sometimes especially today it's not

  • that obvious anymore but still if it's a woman it's she so let's write down our

  • personal pronouns one stands for he masculine o stands for she feminine and

  • Allah Allah means it loiter loiter or pewter Idol even confusing with German

  • know-it-all so one Anna know if it's a person it's a

  • human being and you can see that it's a man it goes too masculine it's heat for

  • example the word man write it down please and repeat after me

  • no Sheena because it's a very interest in the word it's pretty difficult to

  • pronounce it as Morici 'no because those two it's difficult to put them together

  • mussina mussina when you try fast it's becoming kind of too much effort

  • so you pronounce it as mussina mussina mussina mussina and of course it's a man

  • doing it right translation for you mashina man same with the words like mmm

  • what else papa why not papa

  • obviously Papa cannot be a woman Papa because mama is a woman bah bah of

  • course he is masculine one papa same with the word uncle Dada

  • repeat after me yeah uh let's see yeah yeah yeah oh it's so difficult to write

  • like that Dada means uncle uncle drj Papa machinae

  • what else my chick a boy in general my cheek my cheek a boy my cheek write them

  • down and don't forget about the stress Marchak giardia papa machinist Oh

  • everyone who is a man masculine own so same here when it's about a woman let's

  • get rid of this for some time we don't need it now

  • if it's something connected with a woman in China

  • Mussina trinchina a woman real she Rena Rena about pronunciation remember that

  • hard consonants followed by soft consonants become soft themselves ring

  • Sheena if you forgot about it watch the previous lesson Rena Rena

  • it's a woman of course in China is feminine Anna in China

  • mama of course is feminine as well mama mama

  • feminine giardia same with kya and two cha-cha-cha

  • Georgie remember that your is always stressed Georgia this and okay and Gia

  • Huachuca dear watch kaam kar diya vodka it's not

  • like some German language where D America is newer does Nathan for

  • Russians it's like big surprised just mention in Russian it's

  • feminine Allah dia vodka but it's obvious with these words but also when

  • it comes to words like professor student or I don't know doctor when you see the

  • person you understand usually in most cases if it's a man or if it's a woman

  • so you can understand which pronoun to choose which word to choose so this is

  • the first way to understand if it's masculine or it's a if it's feminine

  • depending on which person it denotes write it down so that was pretty easy

  • right man a woman feminine masculine it's obvious now I have a bad piece of

  • news for you all the objects around us whiteboard

  • I don't know haired or table everything has gender French people German people

  • they know this stuff but for English speakers might be a little bit tricky

  • but the good news is that's a plus the good news is that Russian genders are

  • super easy to remember it's a piece of cake all you need to do is to look at

  • the ending of the word so let's get two examples masculine call consonants or

  • you if a word you see some word if it ends on the consonants or you short e

  • actually you is consonant too but for some reason usually they show it like

  • that so consonant in the ending or you it's

  • masculine let's practice for example stole a table stool uh-huh stole

  • table table still okay geez what's going on here

  • okay table never mind never mind let's pretend it never happened

  • so just write down the word table stole look at the ending here we have a

  • consonant loop means that it's masculine spool 1-1 in English table is it it

  • right in Russian it's he one stool get used to it from the very first lesson

  • because it's a huge problem for English speakers they have huge troubles naming

  • the objects addressing the objects inanimate objects with all Anna it's

  • difficult for them so stole one and actually have a batterer word for

  • example and in with all jail if one of course telephone telephone telephone you

  • see one till the phone on telephone telephone on super easy again consonant

  • OOP in the ending so telephone same with the word microphone let's write it down

  • - why not me crow remember the pronunciation and don't ask me why I'm

  • pronounced added as a microphone because we already know when stress and goes

  • here this one turns to a microphone again

  • look at the ending here is a consonant oh so how about

  • some other word museum mu z yi you see what's in the ending in the end we have

  • you means it's masculine one movie yeah why not

  • Oh what else what else maybe mm-hmm Factory I don't know why I'm bringing it

  • just four examples of what Factory the what

  • remember about reduction the wood uh yeah factory it's a man in Russian won

  • the war as a wood so oh now I want you just to understand

  • that concept in the ending were you in the end and all right so here is

  • masculine ah now feminine nah you already know this

  • one uh nah it even sounds more feminine nah like I know

  • same here if it's ah in the ending or yeah oh yeah so feminine right we don't

  • even need to learn it so ah yeah in the end in the ending for example why the

  • word snake is the first association I have with feminine I'm having some

  • problems for sure but the snake is Miya Miya Miya is look like worm

  • sneeze yeah yeah in the end we have young means new yaw

  • is feminine Allah meeya for example you have some colleague woman that you hate

  • and you say oh she's such a snake allah is Miya Miya

  • ana well maybe winter winter e ma in russian winter is z ma z ma repeat after

  • me please always repeat everything I'm saying in Russian always repeat after me

  • okay if you need to pause the video because I want to make every second of

  • this lesson count I want you to speak constantly even if it's just repeating

  • some words so Z ma means winter in the end we have ah ah Zima ah ah Zima or

  • easy word to remember a car in Russian is mushy na na na mush I hope now you

  • can see the difference between my E and yn mashina mashina marsinah look at the

  • ending it's not just ah it's na na machine ah super easy to remember right

  • um na machine ah so mashina is she machine and what else a book nigga nigga

  • nigga a book

  • again we see are here so it's feminine Allah Allah Kananga meeow meeow

  • yo ma ma Sheena Kananga all those words ending with AH and yeah ok but now I

  • guess you have a question what's with the words that we already know like a

  • clue Moloch or veal or they are not masculine

  • they're not feminine of course means that they are do I have to get rid of

  • this I think yes they are neuter maybe I'll be able to put it here I hope

  • you wrote it down let me get rid of this ok so the words ending with year and O

  • are neuter oh yeah will write it down in a second oh so difficult to remove stuff

  • from here so neuter ah no ah no it year for example has already said we know but

  • we know guess what it means we know of course it means wine vino vino in the

  • end we have war so if it's o or yeah in the ending of the word its buter let's

  • try some more let's take the wonderful word

  • see Maury I have troubles with mud today more here more it means see that was

  • supposed to be a wave but okay let's just write it down Moorea so if you look

  • at the ending we have year here Moria oh no no mori are no real more were the

  • word window oh oh cool cool again in the ending right

  • oh no oh no Vinu mori ignore so oh yeah in the

  • ending means that it's your so this was the general rule about how to divide

  • nouns in three genders but of course there is more to talk about here this is

  • a soft sign and here we have a little bit of tricky situations if you see a

  • soft sign in the end of the word it's a little bit more difficult because it can

  • be masculine and it can be feminine okay for example the word ding-ding-ding is

  • masculine but if you see something like this or this or this with soft sign with

  • soft sign sure all those remember them yeah if you see those in the ending

  • in most cases it's feminine in most situations it's feminine don't

  • think about it too much right now I want you to remember just the rule about

  • consonant and about aya and all year in neuter neuter I'm always

  • trying to say no to too much German in my life so yeah problems maybe with soft

  • sign in the ending and also you might be thinking what about all those other

  • letters like ma e for example yeah hmm maybe you II what to do if you see them

  • in D and usually these are words that were borrowed from some different

  • language for example what's going on here for example me noon it's certainly

  • not a Russian word meaning most of the these words would be mute er most of

  • them I would say 90% of them would be neuter me knew or what else I don't know

  • maybe let's write it down going for I'm not sure if you need it but just an

  • example you see are you we're all so you can meet a word like lady lady

  • it ends with E liji Leedy but of course you understand that it's a woman lady

  • it means lady of course lady lady so here you come back to the very first

  • room so if you can tell who it is it means that you can understand if it's

  • masculine orphan so most of the words would be neuter

  • except for the words that you can understand with your eyes or from the

  • context that it's woman or a man okay now let's practice a little bit and we

  • will try to grow our vocabulary a little bit and we start with family

  • members family oops wanted to write in English but then

  • changed my mind family in Russian is senior senior and

  • why on earth is it so luckily so write down Samia Samia is family Samia so now

  • let's go through all the family members Oh

  • number one okay Papa blah blah and let's try to understand the gender here we

  • understand that it's a man Papa can't be a feminine so even if it has this ah in

  • the ending we still understand that it's masculine papa masculine right then who

  • comes next mama you already know feminine mama

  • feminine then how about a son swing soon the Sun again we don't even need to look

  • at the ending because we understand that it's a boy a son son

  • so it's masculine right how about daughter daughter in Russian a daughter

  • is Doge Doge and of course it's a girl so oops

  • so it's feminine right what other words do we have what are their family members

  • we have sistrum we already had this word sister again it's sister we don't even

  • need to do anything special sestra is feminine of course braat braat

  • braat brother brat is masculine and you hear you could notice this tendency that

  • even if it's obvious that it's a manner if it's a woman the rule with endings

  • almost always works so we remember that you chew with soft sign feminine Doge

  • consonant in the ending masculine you see exception is Papa and and Giada the

  • idea let's write him down yeah idea you already know this word

  • Giada masculine and future and but I guess you already wrote them down why

  • would I bother bother to do it again okay the idea to which ah and then we go

  • to grandparents torture feminine and then we go to bar bushka why am i

  • holding this bah bushka means grainy or grandmother

  • bah-bah-bah busca old lady usually it's grainy and barbash car of course it's a

  • woman it's then we have da-da-da-da-da dooshka do

  • dooshka d douche car even if we see the are in the ending it still means that

  • it's a man because it's grandpa grandpa cannot be feminine of course

  • so babushka diya dooshka then we have grand grandson of the nuke short ver

  • Schwartz word in Russian of the lick of the look means a grand grandson yeah

  • look it's a boy means it's masculine of course grand

  • daughter is Avenue chica let's write it down of vodka vodka and again of course

  • it's feminine of mooshka upon what else nephew plea mang Nick Nick bleep yep

  • Yannick plea manic is nephew meaning a boy it's masculine and plea magnet saw a

  • girl nephew his plea me Aneesa plea no new double and my son plinian itza and

  • here you can see this rule again Pliny and Nick premium it'sa masculine and

  • feminine so these are the basic relatives family

  • by the way I want you to know that cousin in Russian we don't use the word

  • who's them cousin who's them we say divide Maya sister or the value radish

  • Brad I don't even know if you need this the world you Brad it's a cousin and

  • actually in Russian I just always say Brad or sister brother or sister and for

  • foreigners it's very confusing because I have a brother and I have many cousins

  • but I call them all brothers so keep that in mind when a Russian person calls

  • someone brother or sister it might be about their cousins

  • okay now let's practice with the word ye de food let's write down some food the

  • food itself in Russian is Yi da food Heda Heda and try to guess what is it

  • here you look at the ending here da means that it's feminine right

  • feminine nah yi da so that's the topic now let's go through our food let's

  • begin with the breakfast egg in Russian is it so yet so yeah this is an egg

  • you thought yet so how about the gender look at the ending nor yet saw it saw

  • its neuter right how about we don't say I don't know I know that

  • english-speaking people don't say porridge anymore

  • but usually by the word oatmeal we mean kasha

  • it means porridge it can be a buck with it can be oatmeal's even corn boiled in

  • this substance so in Russian it's kasha kasha yes the gender now look at the

  • ending mm-hmm kasha uh nah of course it's feminine kasha now let's

  • speak about how to know whose salad which may be sandwich so the rich

  • actually there are many many controversies because some people say

  • sandwich some people write it with a but I I

  • don't even know sandwich so it ends in a consonant sand which means it's

  • masculine one sandwich or sandwich if you want salvaged not a Russian word

  • anyway so how about some drinks my favorite read it out loud

  • of course that's yeah I better stop drew in in this class I I better stop drawing

  • oh it's coffee coffee coffee

  • and it's super tricky with a worried coffee because starting in 2009 or 10

  • actually they say that coffee is neuter or masculine it has been masculine

  • forever for as long as I can remember but everybody because of its usually all

  • the words with yeah are in your so same with coffee everybody was just saying oh

  • no oh no so finally the guys in the Ministry of

  • Education said ok ok let it be both masculine and neuter so you can say -

  • une and you can say coffee I know but I'm having problems with people who

  • started to use neuter so please say coffee as masculine I don't know why

  • it's my personal problem so coffee and the second one is tea chai look at the

  • ending yeah yeah masculine right Jie means tea chai how about water

  • da-da-da-da-da means oh it's a glass

  • da-da-da-dah look at the ending vada ha

  • of course it's feminine wada oh how about the word soup soup soup soup

  • it's a plate with soup soup what do we have in the ending consonant of course

  • flip is masculine one OOP um how about salad

  • saw lot and you see how easy it is you'll ready no soup salad coffee

  • sandwich you can go to a restaurant in Russia right now and you won't have any

  • problems so here again consonant in the ending it

  • means it's masculine salat one then maybe what else massa meat meat NASA

  • NASA again pay attention to my pronunciation remember that or it's

  • about vowel reduction so when it's not stressed it turns to like that ah NASA

  • NASA it's not Nestle NASA it's neat meat