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  • Hi, I'm emma and today. We are going to be talking about

  • Task one of the writing module for the ielts

  • So again this is task one for the writing module of the ielts

  • It's in two parts

  • The first part is going to be something about maybe a graph

  • [a] diagram something something to do with having to write a report

  • to describe

  • What you see visually the second part is an essay

  • So we're going to be talking about the first part today

  • Okay, so the first thing to know is [that] you're going to have about 20 minutes to do task one

  • so this is [not] a lot of time and

  • It's going to be very important for you to practice this before you actually go [into] the ielts

  • For task 1 you have to write about 150 words

  • describing either a graph a chart [a] table a diagram or a

  • flow chart

  • You will be marked on four different things in this task

  • So this is something to keep in mind

  • You're going to be marked on your usage of vocabulary if you use vocabulary

  • Correctly and if you use a lot of different vocabulary you're going to be marked on grammar

  • You're going to be marked on your ability to do what they asked so for example

  • You need to write a hundred and fifty words for this

  • task [if] you write 120 words for this task, then you didn't really meet the task requirements and

  • Finally you're going to be marked on

  • Coherence, so

  • [do] you have in your answer and introduction and

  • a conclusion

  • Do you use words like?

  • first of all

  • secondly in

  • conclusion

  • So again there are four different things are going to be marked on vocabulary grammar

  • Coherence and

  • Your ability to do what is asked of you, so your ability [to] meet the task requirements?

  • Okay, so let's get started, so this specific lesson is going to focus a lot on vocabulary

  • What sorts of words can you use in this task that will help you to get the the top mark you can?

  • Alright, so let's get started

  • so like I said before

  • In this task you're going to have to describe what you see

  • this may be a

  • Bar chart or a bar graph, so this is what is known as a bar graph?

  • You might have to describe something like that. You may have to describe a line graph

  • see the line this one is a

  • line graph

  • This one that looks like a pizza

  • This is called a pie chart. So another [thing] [that] you might see on task one is a pie chart

  • [so] we have a bar graph line graph pie chart

  • Sometimes you may see two of these

  • You may have to describe a pie chart and a line graph or a bar graph and a pie chart

  • You may also have [two]?

  • If you don't get one of these you may get what is called a flow chart?

  • So a flow chart

  • shows how something is organized so

  • Usually it shows different steps so this might be step one this might be step two

  • Step three so it's a way to show a process [into] organized information, so you might get something like this, which is a flow chart

  • Or you may get a table, so this is just an example of a table

  • and

  • Depending on which one you get you're going to be using a different type of vocabulary

  • So there's specific words to use when you're talking about a bar graph there are different words to use with flowcharts with tables

  • Today, we're really going to focus on bar graphs and line graphs

  • All right, so let's get started

  • [okay], so now what we are going to do is talk [about] how to write your introduction and

  • Vocabulary you can use in your introduction for this part of the ielts

  • so when you present a graph

  • Like I said [before] you should have an introduction

  • The body of what you're going to say and a conclusion

  • This is going to affect your coherence marks. So you want to have an introduction body and conclusion

  • It's very important so a lot of students when they first see

  • ielts task 1 in the academic version of the ielts

  • They get really nervous. They don't know how to start off what they're going to say, how do you start off describing a graph?

  • So what I'm going to talk about now [is] an easy introductory sentence. You can use in order to explain your graph

  • So I

  • Have the sentence this line graph, so here's an example again of a line graph

  • shows the changes in sales between 1990 and 1996

  • So this is just an [example] now if I got a bar graph

  • Just change this word this

  • [Far] graph [I]

  • Could also say this pie chart

  • this table

  • This flow chart, [so] whatever

  • image you get

  • You can use this plus

  • the type of chart it is

  • Or the type of figure it is if it's a table if it's a flow chart if it's a diagram

  • So this diagram this pie chart this bar graph

  • This is almost like a mathematical formula. Just imagine this plus this plus this plus this

  • equals your introduction

  • your first sentence in your introduction

  • so this bar graph and

  • now we have a verb so

  • [shows] is good. What else could you use?

  • Well, you could use

  • represents

  • this pie chart represents

  • You could use this pie chart demonstrates

  • [this] bar Graph illustrates

  • If you're doing a table, you could say this table lists so like

  • This so what you want is you want a verb similar to these shows demonstrates represents?

  • Illustrates these are all really good verbs to use for your introduction

  • for the first sentence of your introduction, so this bar graph Demonstrates

  • Here we have a specific example

  • The changes in sales often [times] you'll be looking at changes in sales, so for example here in this graph

  • We have on this is known as the x-Axis

  • so x-Axis

  • This is just some more terminology about graphs so on our x axis we see years

  • 1990

  • 1994

  • 1996 so we're talking about time

  • You may not see something like this, but there's a good chance you might get a graph [that] shows time on your [x-Axis]

  • This [is] known as the y-Axis

  • So why?

  • Yes

  • and

  • in this example on the y-Axis is sales in millions of dollars so if 300 million 200 million

  • 100 million

  • you may get something completely different than this this is just an example, so

  • in here

  • So this and again, this is a line graph demonstrates the changes in sales

  • so if you get a different [type] of graph

  • In this section you just write what it is. So you write the topic you're talking about this pie graph Demonstrates

  • the differences between men and women in [terms] of

  • further education

  • Just an example

  • So whatever your Topic is

  • Or incidence of disease in [some] land. That's another example

  • So it might be an incidence

  • prevalence

  • So whatever your topic is you write here?

  • So this graph Demonstrates blank and in the last section you should write

  • Sort of the date, whatever, they're showing so if you're looking at years which is a good chance you will be

  • Here you would you could say between 1990 and 1996

  • This was different. Maybe if we were looking at

  • 2000

  • to 2010

  • you could say

  • this bar Graph Demonstrates incidence of Whatever over a 10-year period

  • so again you can have between

  • the State and the [State]

  • from

  • Have a year from 1992

  • So these are just different ways to show time which will be located on the excess excess. Sorry

  • Okay, so again what you want to include in [your] introduction is

  • First the type of graph it is is it a pie chart a bar graph?

  • you want a verb such as demonstrate shows you want to say what the topic you're looking at is and

  • You want to talk [about] the dates?

  • Wow, what are you looking at exactly 2002 2010?

  • So the this is how you should start off your introductory sentence

  • Okay, so we've talked a little bit about what your first sentence for this

  • Task can be there are other ways to do it, but the way I showed you is a great formula

  • that's easy to remember and that will really help you with vocabulary marks and Coherence, so

  • Right now what we're going to focus on is some key terms key [vocabulary] you can use when describing

  • movement of a graph or a

  • Line a bar graph or a line line graph

  • okay, so let's get started, so

  • [usually] when we look at graphs there are three different patterns we might see

  • three different trends we may see

  • An upward Trend where it goes up?

  • we may see a downward Trend or

  • we may see

  • It remaining stable

  • So you may see multiple trends on a graph so for example a graph might?

  • Have an upward Trend reach a peak

  • then downward Trend

  • Or maybe it's a downward trend first it goes up a bit, and then it becomes stable

  • So how do we talk about?

  • Describing movement. What are some key words we can use

  • so when we're talking about a

  • upward Trend

  • Some of the words we can use I'll talk about Verbs first we can use increase

  • so

  • So we could call this an increase

  • We can say it went up

  • You can say it climbed

  • It jumped

  • It Rose

  • So notice when we're talking about

  • Describing movement on the ielts the verbs we use these are all verbs. What tends [are] [they] in

  • If you said a simple [pasteur] correct you want to be using the simple past when you're describing movement for ielts Task 1

  • so we can say

  • If this was talking about sales for example, so we looked at that example before

  • Sales and this is years, so we have maybe 2000

  • to 2010

  • We could say sales Rose

  • sales increased sales went up sales climbed sales jumped and then

  • We would usually say between 2000 and 2010

  • So this is talking about the the verbs

  • [but] we can also turn this into noun, so

  • Rise the noun form of sorry Rose is a rise

  • so for example there was a

  • rise in

  • 2000

  • We could say there was a and increase

  • So this is one way to do it

  • so

  • If we have the noun here if we decided to use it in a verbal form we could say sales

  • Rose

  • between

  • 2000 and

  • 2010

  • Okay

  • So we've looked at when it goes up when trends go upward what about downward trends?

  • But are some of the words we use with that

  • So we'll start off with verbs

  • we can talk about a

  • decline

  • Sales declined you can say decreased

  • And again simple past we can say went down

  • We could say dropped

  • We could say plummeted if it's a very steep drop

  • Okay, so we can say sales plummeted, and we can also say so we have declined decreased went down dropped plummeted finally

  • slumped

  • So these are all ways to say it went notice the arrow down

  • [so] again these are all verbs so we could write [it] here sales decreased

  • between 2000 and 2010 sales went down

  • between 2000 and 2010 if we decide to use [a] noun

  • decline

  • We can say a decline

  • we can say a decrease a drop a

  • slump

  • so many of these also have a noun form

  • so there was a a

  • decline

  • say a

  • Decrease a slump and

  • so when it's important to note that

  • So here is when we're using the noun

  • here is when we're using the verb when we use the noun remember [its] there was a

  • Decrease Arise whatever in

  • Here we can actually write the topic in sales or whatever your topic is between and then we have the date

  • Or if we use the verbal form you have the topic

  • sales

  • verb and the date again

  • okay, so

  • [finally] the third Trend

  • Is when nothing happens we can say it remains steady?

  • You can also say it remains stable

  • Remains stable it remains steady, we can also call this a plateau

  • Plateau

  • okay, so there was

  • or sorry sales

  • remained