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  • University Challenge.

  • Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman.

  • Hello. By the end of tonight's match, we will know the first

  • of the four teams who will be competing in the semifinal

  • stage of this competition.

  • Both teams playing for that place tonight already have one

  • quarterfinal victory behind them,

  • so whoever wins tonight will go through while the losers will

  • get one final chance to stay in the contest.

  • Now, the team from Liverpool University have managed to

  • increase their score with every appearance.

  • They came out of Round One with 155 points, only 25 ahead of their

  • opponents - the University of Sheffield.

  • But they had a happier time of it in Round Two

  • when they beat Glasgow University by 170 points to 105.

  • Their first quarterfinal win was by a 60-point margin at

  • the expense of the University of Bristol.

  • With an accumulated total of 500,

  • let's let them reintroduce themselves.

  • Hi, I'm Ben Mawdsley. I'm from Southport

  • and I'm studying astrophysics.

  • Hi, my name is Jem Davis. I'm from Gullane near Edinburgh and

  • I'm studying for a master's in tropical disease biology.

  • - And this is their captain. - Hi, I'm Deaglan Crew. I'm originally from

  • Liverpool and I'm studying for a BSc in biochemistry.

  • Hi, I'm Hugh Hiscock.

  • I'm from Southampton and I'm studying for an MA in French.

  • APPLAUSE

  • Now the team from St Peter's College, Oxford have also improved

  • their score each time we've seen them.

  • In Round One, they beat Sussex University by 205 points to 150.

  • They met Selwyn College, Cambridge in Round Two and were 135 points

  • ahead of them at the gong

  • and their first quarterfinal total of 240

  • was exactly three times that of

  • their opponents from Oxford Brookes University with an accumulated

  • total of 680 points.

  • Let's meet St Peter's again.

  • Hello, I'm John Armitage and I'm from Lancaster

  • and I'm reading mathematics.

  • Hi, I'm Ed Roberts. I'm from London and I'm studying history.

  • - And this is their captain. - Hello, I'm Gabriel Trueblood.

  • I'm from London and I'm studying medicine.

  • Hello, I'm Spike Smith.

  • I'm from Maidenhead and I'm reading for a Masters in mathematics.

  • APPLAUSE

  • Right, you all know the rules better than I do, I imagine.

  • So fingers on the buzzers, here's your first starter for 10.

  • Designed by the architect Luigi Moretti

  • and partially funded by the Vatican, which five building apartment

  • and business complex in Washington DC was the scene of a burglary...?

  • BELL RINGS

  • Watergate Hotel.

  • Erm... No.

  • And the scene of a burglary and the arrest of its five

  • perpetrators in June 1972?

  • BUZZER

  • Watergate...building.

  • That's correct. It's the Watergate complex.

  • It specifically wasn't the hotel.

  • Right, let's take a set of bonuses for you, then, St Peter's.

  • They are on Greek islands.

  • Which island group in the Eastern Mediterranean includes Kos

  • and Patmos and has a name meaning 12 islands?

  • - Dodecanese. - Correct.

  • Sharing their collective name with the area of the Mediterranean

  • in which they're situated, which group of seven principal islands

  • includes Ithaca and Zakynthos?

  • Could be the Ionian Islands.

  • - The Ionian Islands. - Correct.

  • Which group in the Aegean consists of numerous islands located

  • in a roughly circular configuration around the island of Delos?

  • No idea.

  • - Pass. - The Cyclades.

  • So a starter question. What ordinal number links a 17th-century Puritan

  • sect that believed in the eminent rule of the saints,

  • an alleged clandestine group of nationalist supporters in the

  • Spanish Civil War, the constitution introduced in France in 19...?

  • BELL RINGS

  • Fifth.

  • Fifth is correct, yes.

  • Right, bonuses, Liverpool, on chemical elements.

  • Which element with atomic number 31 has one of the lowest melting

  • points of all the metallic elements at just under 30 degrees Celsius

  • at standard pressure?

  • - Is it gallium or... Gallium? - Yeah.

  • - Gallium. - Correct.

  • With a similar melting point to gallium, which elements

  • lies between rubidium and francium in group 1 of the periodic table?

  • - Cesium. - Yeah, cesium. - Cesium.

  • Correct.

  • And finally, which transition metal has the highest melting point

  • of all the metallic elements making it suitable for alloys

  • used in heating and electronics?

  • - Tungsten. - Correct.

  • Time for another starter.

  • 10 points for this. Also known as Sydenham's chorea, which

  • disorder of the nervous system is characterized by involuntary

  • tics in the limbs and face and takes its common name from an early

  • Christian martyr whose feast day is June 15th?

  • BELL RINGS

  • - St Vitus Dance. - Correct.

  • Liverpool, these bonuses are on 19th-century art.

  • Which group of artists and critics was formed in a meeting at the

  • house of John Millais in London's Gower Street in the late 1840s?

  • - Pre-Raphaelites? - Pre-Raphaelites.

  • - Pre-Raphaelites. - Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, correct.

  • "One of the very noblest works of sacred art ever

  • produced in this or any age," that was John Ruskin's description of

  • which painting by the Pre-Raphaelite artist William Holman Hunt begun

  • when he was 21 years old? I need the precise five-word title.

  • - Oh, dear. Any ideas? - No. - I...

  • I'm not a big fan.

  • - No idea. - It's The Light Of The World.

  • It's the one with Christ holding the lantern.

  • And finally, Beata Beatrix and Fazio's Mistress

  • are later 19th-century paintings by which other member of

  • the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood?

  • - Rossetti. - Rossetti.

  • Correct. 10 points for this.

  • According to its creator, which painting originated in a panic

  • attack he suffered during an evening walk near Christ...?

  • BELL RINGS

  • Oh, sorry. I was... Picasso, but... Never mind.

  • I'm sorry, you're going to lose five points.

  • ..an evening walk near...

  • BUZZER

  • - The Scream. - The Scream by Edvard Munch, of course.

  • Right, these bonuses are on words containing the vowel combination

  • A-E-A, St Peter's. In each case, give the word from the definition.

  • Firstly, a five-letter term for a hymn of thanksgiving

  • for a victory in battle. It's used more generally for a tribute

  • or other expression of praise?

  • - Paean. - Paean.

  • Paean, yeah, sure.

  • Secondly, the adjective that describes

  • the system for assigning names to plants and animals drawn up by and

  • named after an 18th-century Swedish naturalist and explorer.

  • - Linnaean. - Correct.

  • And finally, the vast area comprising

  • all of the continental crust of the Earth's thought to have existed in

  • the Permian and Triassic periods before breaking up into Gondwana

  • and Laurasia.

  • - Pangaea. - Correct.

  • Right, we're going to take our first picture round.

  • For your picture starter, you're going to see an irrational number

  • expressed as a continued fraction.

  • For 10 points, I want you to identify the irrational number.

  • BUZZER

  • Square root of two.

  • It is the square root of two, yes.

  • So your picture bonuses are three more irrational mathematical

  • constants, this time expressed as convergent infinite series.

  • Again, in each case, I want you to identify the number to which

  • each of the following series converges.

  • Firstly, for five...

  • - E. - E is correct, yes. Secondly...

  • - How many irrational numbers can we name? - I don't know.

  • - The golden ratio, I don't...? - I leave you guys to it.

  • - Yeah... - Fine. - I have no idea.

  • - Try phi. - Phi.

  • Phi is correct, yes, the golden ratio. And finally...

  • Yeah, that's... That's pi.

  • Pi?

  • - Pi. - Pi is correct, yes.

  • Everyone at home will have been working those out

  • with great pleasure. Right, 10 points for this.

  • Established in 1916,

  • which office was initially occupied by Maurice Hankey, who had

  • previously served as secretary to the Committee Of Imperial Defence?

  • Later holders of the position include John Hunt, Robert Armstrong

  • and Jeremy Heywood, who succeeded Gus O'Donnell in 2012?

  • BUZZER

  • Head of the Civil Service.

  • That's correct, yes. It's the Cabinet Secretary, specifically,

  • but it's the same post.

  • Right, these bonuses are on heroes, St Peter's.

  • "No man is a hero to his own valet,"

  • dating back to 1694, this remark of the 17th-century French society

  • wit Madame Cornuel echoes which French essayist who observed that

  • few men are admired by their servants?

  • - Voltaire. - Voltaire, right?

  • Just Voltaire, who are you thinking of?

  • It's that one that begins with M.

  • - Yeah, but it's a playwright. - Mo...something, but OK.

  • Erm, Voltaire.

  • No, it's Michel de Montaigne.

  • "In short, he was a perfect cavaliero and to his very valet

  • "seemed a hero." Who wrote these lines in the 1818 work

  • Beppo: A Venetian Story?

  • I'd guess Byron, but...

  • - Byron. - Correct.

  • "Go to Spain and get killed. The movement needs a Byron."

  • These words were allegedly spoken by the Communist leader

  • Harry Pollitt to which poet who was a contemporary of Auden

  • and MacNeice?

  • (Oh, I remember this.)

  • (I saw this somewhere recently.)

  • (I don't remember.)

  • I mean, who else was in Spain? Hemingway's in Spain.

  • - Who else was in Spain? - Poets...

  • That wasn't really a poet.

  • - Come on. - Hemingway.

  • No, it was Stephen Spender. 10 points for this. Listen carefully,

  • a tennis ball of mass 50 grams

  • travelling at 20 meters per second is hit by a racket

  • and travels back in the same direction it originated from

  • at 30 meters per second. What in Newton seconds

  • is the impulse imparted on the ball by the racket?

  • BELL RINGS

  • - 2.5. - Correct.

  • Right, these bonuses are on an award, Liverpool.

  • First awarded to William Smith in 1831, the Wollaston medal is

  • a mark of distinction in which field of scientific study?

  • This is familiar. Do you...?

  • Chemistry, maybe.

  • It was in 1861?

  • This is really going to bother me. I can't...

  • - Erm... - Just guess something. - Chemistry.

  • No, it's geology.

  • The fossilized remains of a dinosaur named Hylaeosaurus were

  • discovered in Tilgate Forest by which geologist,

  • the second recipient of the Wollaston medal.

  • He is now often regarded as having initiated the scientific

  • study of dinosaurs?

  • Was he like the Prince of...?

  • No idea.

  • No idea, sorry.

  • Gideon Mantell.

  • And finally, a fierce opponent and rival of Mantell, which

  • Lancastrian geologist was awarded the Wollaston medal in 1838

  • and is credited with coining the term 'dinosaur'?

  • Anyone know anything about it...?

  • - We don't know anything. - Sorry, nothing.

  • That was Richard Owen. 10 points for this.

  • In the late 1890s, the intelligence officer

  • Colonel Picquart established that Major Ferdinand Esterhazy was

  • the true culprit in the events that saw

  • which French officer being...?

  • BELL RINGS

  • - Alfred Dreyfus. - Correct.

  • Your bonuses are on time now, Liverpool.

  • Together with Tokelau, which country in the Pacific Ocean skipped

  • the date of December 30, 2011 in order to move

  • from the eastern to the western side of the international date line?

  • Is it Samoa?

  • - Samoa. - Correct.

  • In Rome, the year 46BC was more than two months longer than usual

  • because of the introduction of which calendar created

  • by Sosigenes of Alexandria?

  • - Julian. - Yeah, Julian.

  • Julian.

  • The Julian calendar is correct.