字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント University Challenge. Asking the questions, Jeremy Paxman. Hello. By the end of tonight's match, we will know the first of the four teams who will be competing in the semifinal stage of this competition. Both teams playing for that place tonight already have one quarterfinal victory behind them, so whoever wins tonight will go through while the losers will get one final chance to stay in the contest. Now, the team from Liverpool University have managed to increase their score with every appearance. They came out of Round One with 155 points, only 25 ahead of their opponents - the University of Sheffield. But they had a happier time of it in Round Two when they beat Glasgow University by 170 points to 105. Their first quarterfinal win was by a 60-point margin at the expense of the University of Bristol. With an accumulated total of 500, let's let them reintroduce themselves. Hi, I'm Ben Mawdsley. I'm from Southport and I'm studying astrophysics. Hi, my name is Jem Davis. I'm from Gullane near Edinburgh and I'm studying for a master's in tropical disease biology. - And this is their captain. - Hi, I'm Deaglan Crew. I'm originally from Liverpool and I'm studying for a BSc in biochemistry. Hi, I'm Hugh Hiscock. I'm from Southampton and I'm studying for an MA in French. APPLAUSE Now the team from St Peter's College, Oxford have also improved their score each time we've seen them. In Round One, they beat Sussex University by 205 points to 150. They met Selwyn College, Cambridge in Round Two and were 135 points ahead of them at the gong and their first quarterfinal total of 240 was exactly three times that of their opponents from Oxford Brookes University with an accumulated total of 680 points. Let's meet St Peter's again. Hello, I'm John Armitage and I'm from Lancaster and I'm reading mathematics. Hi, I'm Ed Roberts. I'm from London and I'm studying history. - And this is their captain. - Hello, I'm Gabriel Trueblood. I'm from London and I'm studying medicine. Hello, I'm Spike Smith. I'm from Maidenhead and I'm reading for a Masters in mathematics. APPLAUSE Right, you all know the rules better than I do, I imagine. So fingers on the buzzers, here's your first starter for 10. Designed by the architect Luigi Moretti and partially funded by the Vatican, which five building apartment and business complex in Washington DC was the scene of a burglary...? BELL RINGS Watergate Hotel. Erm... No. And the scene of a burglary and the arrest of its five perpetrators in June 1972? BUZZER Watergate...building. That's correct. It's the Watergate complex. It specifically wasn't the hotel. Right, let's take a set of bonuses for you, then, St Peter's. They are on Greek islands. Which island group in the Eastern Mediterranean includes Kos and Patmos and has a name meaning 12 islands? - Dodecanese. - Correct. Sharing their collective name with the area of the Mediterranean in which they're situated, which group of seven principal islands includes Ithaca and Zakynthos? Could be the Ionian Islands. - The Ionian Islands. - Correct. Which group in the Aegean consists of numerous islands located in a roughly circular configuration around the island of Delos? No idea. - Pass. - The Cyclades. So a starter question. What ordinal number links a 17th-century Puritan sect that believed in the eminent rule of the saints, an alleged clandestine group of nationalist supporters in the Spanish Civil War, the constitution introduced in France in 19...? BELL RINGS Fifth. Fifth is correct, yes. Right, bonuses, Liverpool, on chemical elements. Which element with atomic number 31 has one of the lowest melting points of all the metallic elements at just under 30 degrees Celsius at standard pressure? - Is it gallium or... Gallium? - Yeah. - Gallium. - Correct. With a similar melting point to gallium, which elements lies between rubidium and francium in group 1 of the periodic table? - Cesium. - Yeah, cesium. - Cesium. Correct. And finally, which transition metal has the highest melting point of all the metallic elements making it suitable for alloys used in heating and electronics? - Tungsten. - Correct. Time for another starter. 10 points for this. Also known as Sydenham's chorea, which disorder of the nervous system is characterized by involuntary tics in the limbs and face and takes its common name from an early Christian martyr whose feast day is June 15th? BELL RINGS - St Vitus Dance. - Correct. Liverpool, these bonuses are on 19th-century art. Which group of artists and critics was formed in a meeting at the house of John Millais in London's Gower Street in the late 1840s? - Pre-Raphaelites? - Pre-Raphaelites. - Pre-Raphaelites. - Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, correct. "One of the very noblest works of sacred art ever produced in this or any age," that was John Ruskin's description of which painting by the Pre-Raphaelite artist William Holman Hunt begun when he was 21 years old? I need the precise five-word title. - Oh, dear. Any ideas? - No. - I... I'm not a big fan. - No idea. - It's The Light Of The World. It's the one with Christ holding the lantern. And finally, Beata Beatrix and Fazio's Mistress are later 19th-century paintings by which other member of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood? - Rossetti. - Rossetti. Correct. 10 points for this. According to its creator, which painting originated in a panic attack he suffered during an evening walk near Christ...? BELL RINGS Oh, sorry. I was... Picasso, but... Never mind. I'm sorry, you're going to lose five points. ..an evening walk near... BUZZER - The Scream. - The Scream by Edvard Munch, of course. Right, these bonuses are on words containing the vowel combination A-E-A, St Peter's. In each case, give the word from the definition. Firstly, a five-letter term for a hymn of thanksgiving for a victory in battle. It's used more generally for a tribute or other expression of praise? - Paean. - Paean. Paean, yeah, sure. Secondly, the adjective that describes the system for assigning names to plants and animals drawn up by and named after an 18th-century Swedish naturalist and explorer. - Linnaean. - Correct. And finally, the vast area comprising all of the continental crust of the Earth's thought to have existed in the Permian and Triassic periods before breaking up into Gondwana and Laurasia. - Pangaea. - Correct. Right, we're going to take our first picture round. For your picture starter, you're going to see an irrational number expressed as a continued fraction. For 10 points, I want you to identify the irrational number. BUZZER Square root of two. It is the square root of two, yes. So your picture bonuses are three more irrational mathematical constants, this time expressed as convergent infinite series. Again, in each case, I want you to identify the number to which each of the following series converges. Firstly, for five... - E. - E is correct, yes. Secondly... - How many irrational numbers can we name? - I don't know. - The golden ratio, I don't...? - I leave you guys to it. - Yeah... - Fine. - I have no idea. - Try phi. - Phi. Phi is correct, yes, the golden ratio. And finally... Yeah, that's... That's pi. Pi? - Pi. - Pi is correct, yes. Everyone at home will have been working those out with great pleasure. Right, 10 points for this. Established in 1916, which office was initially occupied by Maurice Hankey, who had previously served as secretary to the Committee Of Imperial Defence? Later holders of the position include John Hunt, Robert Armstrong and Jeremy Heywood, who succeeded Gus O'Donnell in 2012? BUZZER Head of the Civil Service. That's correct, yes. It's the Cabinet Secretary, specifically, but it's the same post. Right, these bonuses are on heroes, St Peter's. "No man is a hero to his own valet," dating back to 1694, this remark of the 17th-century French society wit Madame Cornuel echoes which French essayist who observed that few men are admired by their servants? - Voltaire. - Voltaire, right? Just Voltaire, who are you thinking of? It's that one that begins with M. - Yeah, but it's a playwright. - Mo...something, but OK. Erm, Voltaire. No, it's Michel de Montaigne. "In short, he was a perfect cavaliero and to his very valet "seemed a hero." Who wrote these lines in the 1818 work Beppo: A Venetian Story? I'd guess Byron, but... - Byron. - Correct. "Go to Spain and get killed. The movement needs a Byron." These words were allegedly spoken by the Communist leader Harry Pollitt to which poet who was a contemporary of Auden and MacNeice? (Oh, I remember this.) (I saw this somewhere recently.) (I don't remember.) I mean, who else was in Spain? Hemingway's in Spain. - Who else was in Spain? - Poets... That wasn't really a poet. - Come on. - Hemingway. No, it was Stephen Spender. 10 points for this. Listen carefully, a tennis ball of mass 50 grams travelling at 20 meters per second is hit by a racket and travels back in the same direction it originated from at 30 meters per second. What in Newton seconds is the impulse imparted on the ball by the racket? BELL RINGS - 2.5. - Correct. Right, these bonuses are on an award, Liverpool. First awarded to William Smith in 1831, the Wollaston medal is a mark of distinction in which field of scientific study? This is familiar. Do you...? Chemistry, maybe. It was in 1861? This is really going to bother me. I can't... - Erm... - Just guess something. - Chemistry. No, it's geology. The fossilized remains of a dinosaur named Hylaeosaurus were discovered in Tilgate Forest by which geologist, the second recipient of the Wollaston medal. He is now often regarded as having initiated the scientific study of dinosaurs? Was he like the Prince of...? No idea. No idea, sorry. Gideon Mantell. And finally, a fierce opponent and rival of Mantell, which Lancastrian geologist was awarded the Wollaston medal in 1838 and is credited with coining the term 'dinosaur'? Anyone know anything about it...? - We don't know anything. - Sorry, nothing. That was Richard Owen. 10 points for this. In the late 1890s, the intelligence officer Colonel Picquart established that Major Ferdinand Esterhazy was the true culprit in the events that saw which French officer being...? BELL RINGS - Alfred Dreyfus. - Correct. Your bonuses are on time now, Liverpool. Together with Tokelau, which country in the Pacific Ocean skipped the date of December 30, 2011 in order to move from the eastern to the western side of the international date line? Is it Samoa? - Samoa. - Correct. In Rome, the year 46BC was more than two months longer than usual because of the introduction of which calendar created by Sosigenes of Alexandria? - Julian. - Yeah, Julian. Julian. The Julian calendar is correct.