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  • During a trip to China you might just find yourself in

  • a digital detox but not by choice.

  • Some of the world's most popular apps and platforms are

  • completely blocked.

  • Facebook, Google, YouTube, Yahoo, Instagram, Snapchat,

  • Reddit. And it’s not just social media platforms and user

  • generated videos.

  • China’s internet restrictions are some of the most

  • sophisticated in the world.

  • Its far-reaching system not only blocks social media sites

  • and search engines but routinely blocks news websites too.

  • Apple’s iBooks and iTunes movie offerings have

  • also been shut down.

  • But LinkedIn is allowed.

  • Why? Some experts say it’s

  • because connecting China’s workforce

  • with the world can only help Chinese companies.

  • After all, they need to find foreign partners to import,

  • export, and even recruit foreign talent.

  • Plus political discourse doesn't typically take place

  • on LinkedIn and the company openly plays

  • by the rules in China.

  • Even creating a simplified Chinese version of its platform.

  • Restrictions in China are not loosening up as the world

  • becomes more interconnected online.

  • In fact, theyre likely to get even tighter for

  • the country’s 730 million internet users.

  • China’s President Xi Jinping recently issued tighter rules

  • for online news portals and network providers.

  • Through China’s Cyberspace Administration,

  • the government is overhauling its internet regulations

  • for the first time in over a decade with new mandates.

  • For example, youll need to obtain a license just to have

  • something like your own website, an app, forum, blog,

  • microblog or internet broadcast.

  • Now, earlier this year, China’s president said that

  • protectionism is likelocking oneself in a dark room.”

  • He said this in an effort to push Chinese leadership

  • on global trade.

  • But when it comes to internet access in China, that’s pretty

  • much what’s happening to a user...

  • locking oneself in a dark room.

  • Sort of.

  • China’s internet is more like an intranet -

  • a private network connected within an enterprise.

  • In fact, an estimated 96% of online traffic in China

  • goes to Chinese servers.

  • But in its effort to block outsiders -- many of China’s

  • homegrown companies are actually benefiting quite well.

  • Baidu, Tencent and Alibaba are not just some of China’s

  • biggest internet enterprises.

  • Theyre some of the biggest in the world.

  • By blocking international rivals like Google, Facebook

  • and Amazon from the market,

  • the world’s most populous country is discouraging

  • competition and therefore helping its own companies.

  • And more and more people continue to log on in China.

  • Last year, the number of Chinese internet users

  • increased at the fastest pace in several years.

  • 43 million new internet users came online

  • in China last year. That’s more than the entire

  • populations of Canada and Costa Rica combined.

  • Now of course many people access the internet anyway

  • through virtual private networks or VPN.

  • But China is cracking down, recently threatening to stop

  • illegal internet activity, and some local governments warn

  • theyll impose heavy fines and are announcing vague

  • forms of punishment for breaking the law.

  • China has also introduced a new law requiring

  • both domestic and foreign internet companies to

  • practice censorship, register names of users, and even

  • aid in government surveillance.

  • But China isn't just censoring the internet to prevent

  • Western influences from sweeping through its country,

  • but also, to improve its own image.

  • The government says its initiatives will improve positive

  • propaganda and even strengthen supervision

  • over public opinion.

  • So if you're connected online in China there's really no

  • way of telling just how vast

  • your experience is being filtered.

During a trip to China you might just find yourself in

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    Amy.Lin に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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