字幕表 動画を再生する 英語字幕をプリント there is no style of football so notorious as catenaccio, perhaps no style so misunderstood nowadays there is a tendency to use catenaccio when referring to any defensive style of play but its meaning is quite specific and arguably not necessarily defensive. It began in Geneva in the nineteen thirties with Servette and the Austrian coach Carl Rappan. Servette was semi professional and often struggled against fitter fully professional foreign opposition. Rappan's solution was to adopt a more defensive approach looking to absorb pressure before soaring forward on the counter-attack. Most sides in Central Europe at the time played a 235 formation although in practice the two inside forwards would be slightly withdrawn what Rappan did was to pull back his two wing halves to flank the full-backs forming a back four, with the centre-half and inside forwards creating the midfield three. The primary function of the withdrawn wing halves was to combat the opposition wingers. The two fullbacks then became in effect central defenders playing initially almost alongside each other although in practice if the opposition attack down there right the left of the two would move towards the ball with the right covering just behind and vice versa. In theory that always left them with a spare man; the bolt. Rappan became coach of Switzerland and instituted the system with great success. Switzerland beat England in a friendly shortly before the 1938 World Cup, and then beat Germany in the first round of the tournament itself. But it was when the system moved to Italy after the war that it really took off. The romantic explanation is that the Sanatana coach Giuseppe vianney pondering his defensive problems on an early morning walk by the coast, was inspired by seeing a trawler using a reserve net to catch the fish the first net had missed. The truth maybe more prosaic, there was significant Swiss influence on italian football in the forties and fifties but Viani was the first to use the idea of the extra man at the back with success in Italy, leading Salernitana to promotion in 1947. That inspired others. Nereo Rocco use the system at Triestina and then AC Milan with whom he won the European Cup in 1963, but it was at Inter under Helenia Herrera who became his greatest exponents. By then the system was known as Catenaccio a term that refers to the chain on a door. Inter played a lopsided system the right back tucking in as a marker with the right-winger jer shuttling back as cover, where left-back the great Jacinto Feceti was encouraged to get forwards. They won the European Cup in 1964 and in 1965 before falling to Jock Stein's Celtic in the 1967 final. An epic game that showed that all out attack could still overwhelm all out defense.