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  • there is no style of football so

  • notorious as catenaccio, perhaps no

  • style so misunderstood

  • nowadays there is a tendency to use

  • catenaccio when referring to any

  • defensive style of play but its meaning

  • is quite specific and arguably not

  • necessarily defensive. It began in Geneva

  • in the nineteen thirties with Servette and

  • the Austrian coach Carl Rappan. Servette was

  • semi professional and often struggled

  • against fitter fully professional

  • foreign opposition. Rappan's solution was

  • to adopt a more defensive approach

  • looking to absorb pressure before

  • soaring forward on the counter-attack.

  • Most sides in Central Europe at the time

  • played a 235 formation

  • although in practice the two inside

  • forwards would be slightly withdrawn

  • what Rappan did was to pull back his

  • two wing halves to flank the full-backs

  • forming a back four, with the centre-half

  • and inside forwards creating the

  • midfield three. The primary function of

  • the withdrawn wing halves was to combat

  • the opposition wingers. The two fullbacks

  • then became in effect central defenders

  • playing initially almost alongside each

  • other although in practice if the

  • opposition attack down there right

  • the left of the two would move towards

  • the ball with the right covering just

  • behind and vice versa.

  • In theory that always left them with a

  • spare man; the bolt. Rappan became coach

  • of Switzerland and instituted the system

  • with great success.

  • Switzerland beat England in a friendly

  • shortly before the 1938 World Cup,

  • and then beat Germany in the first round

  • of the tournament itself.

  • But it was when the system moved to

  • Italy after the war that it really took

  • off. The romantic explanation is that the

  • Sanatana coach Giuseppe vianney

  • pondering his defensive problems on an

  • early morning walk by the coast, was

  • inspired by seeing a trawler using a

  • reserve net to catch the fish the first

  • net had missed. The truth maybe more

  • prosaic, there was significant Swiss

  • influence on italian football in the

  • forties and fifties but Viani was the

  • first to use the idea of the extra man

  • at the back with success in Italy,

  • leading Salernitana to promotion in

  • 1947. That inspired others. Nereo Rocco use

  • the system at Triestina and then AC Milan

  • with whom he won the European Cup in

  • 1963, but it was at Inter under

  • Helenia Herrera who became his greatest

  • exponents. By then the system was known

  • as Catenaccio a term that refers to the

  • chain on a door. Inter played a

  • lopsided system the right back tucking

  • in as a marker with the right-winger jer

  • shuttling back as cover, where

  • left-back the great Jacinto Feceti

  • was encouraged to get forwards. They

  • won the European Cup in 1964 and in 1965

  • before falling to Jock Stein's Celtic in

  • the 1967 final. An epic game that showed that

  • all out attack could still overwhelm

  • all out defense.

there is no style of football so

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B1 中級

戦術解説|カテナッチョ (Tactics Explained | Catenaccio)

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    Li Der-yu に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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