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  • The picture above is my home town,

  • I’m from a small town on the east coast of Borneo (Malaysia).

  • In my teens, my family emigrated to Canada,

  • we went from a tropical paradise straight to this frozen land.

  • My post graduate studies took me to New York City,

  • to a 3-4 year adventure in this grey concrete jungle.

  • After graduation, work lured me

  • to the glitzy neon fantasies of Hong Kong.

  • Every place I’ve lived were

  • so drastically different from the last.

  • While in Hong Kong,

  • I worked on the Chin Suei highway rest stop in Taiwan.

  • I saw this small folded paper model

  • I made took form as an absolutely real building.

  • To a twenty-something year old,

  • this was an earth shattering experience.

  • When the building opened,

  • it got so immensely popular,

  • people came to camp out on the grounds, barbecue, hold car meets.

  • The renown movie director Tsai Ming-liang

  • did an unforgettable musical sequence in the toilet.

  • I saw some of our design elements,

  • like this auditorium,

  • got remodelled into a shark tank,

  • and a huge tourist hit.

  • There were even allegations of

  • illegal extensions to increase retail area.

  • Despite all this,

  • Chin Suei is still the highest grossing

  • rest stop in Taiwan,

  • pulling in NT$600 million annually,

  • the second highest

  • lag way behind at only NT$2-300 million.

  • Thus began my experience

  • of Taiwan’s manystrange ways”.

  • I settled in Taiwan,

  • and set up my practice here in Taipei.

  • I feel really strongly that we architects

  • are much like frontline workers here.

  • We see a lot of the growing pains

  • of a developing city,

  • witness a great many strange conditions,

  • which we have to face up to and resolve.

  • I’m constantly asked 3 questions,

  • which I hate answering.

  • Why is Taipei so ugly?

  • Who is your favourite architect?

  • Which is your favorite building?

  • Foreign visitors or Taiwanese alike,

  • hearing that I'm an architect,

  • will invariably ask me these 3 questions.

  • I really hate answering them,

  • because in my mind,

  • space and architectural experience

  • can not be described with one building

  • or one grand master.

  • For example, this is my favorite building,

  • on the edge of Ximenting,

  • an entire building facade made of stairs.

  • Not sure why it was built like that,

  • I think it’s incredible that this exists.

  • I doubt if any client would agree

  • to building something like this now.

  • so this is super great.

  • Xiangyang Road, is also my favorite.

  • This phenomenon is where

  • the proxy wars of major Taiwanese corporations

  • are fought out on this little street

  • every year in May and June.

  • Such energy, all happening here,

  • totally incredible.

  • No architect can design

  • these wonders in their spaces.

  • This, is what I consider

  • the ultimate spiritual center.

  • The idea ofspiritual upliftis so potently expressed here.

  • The temple is all about spiritual uplift,

  • beetle nuts gives you a mental high,

  • haircuts or makeovers are facelifts,

  • What an ingenious program mix.

  • Abroad, we could never ever get this mixture,

  • not even if we begged the gods.

  • To me, these phenomena emerged from the city,

  • and in a way,

  • represent the collective desires of its citizens.

  • I call these phenomenaUrbanmatic”,

  • as they are automatic or self-generated urban phenomena.

  • I think Urbanmatic indirectly affects my designs sometimes,

  • while at times it can be a direct inspiration.

  • This building here seems fairly normal, nothing unusual.

  • But on closer inspection, all the ground floor shops are beetle nut vendors.

  • These typically scattered road side shacks actually organised as a “beetle nut main street”.

  • Extraordinary.

  • Take this audacious illegal addition,

  • making a looping ring high up on the 7th or 8th floor,

  • totally fierce, so gutsy.

  • A hand made bridge,an umbilical cord linking the buildings together.

  • A hand made bridge, an umbilical cord linking the buildings together.

  • This is a 500m long expressway exit,

  • where the entire street becomes an architectural space.

  • When we had the opportunity to design the Taiwan Rail Museum,

  • using movement to sculpt a space became a big motivation for me.

  • We re-interpreted rail elements with the experience of light and shadow,

  • We re-interpreted rail elements with the experience of light and shadow,

  • as these elevated public walkways at the visitor center,

  • for people to journey across.

  • This project is located at the Railway Bureau at the North Gate,

  • it’s a competition project we won, now in our 6th year on this project.

  • Even after 6 years, were still unable to apply for a building permit.

  • This is because this greater area is theTaipei Gateway Project”.

  • This grand urban project stretches westwards from here

  • all the way to our museum site.

  • The government has yet to quantify key factors

  • such as floor area ratio and site coverage.

  • Since this master plan has no planning specifics,

  • therefore no permit application can be made.

  • It is very common to observe this tremendous lag

  • between urban planning and architecture in Taipei.

  • Like this project apparently built after road widening.

  • A brand new residential tower

  • unfortunately has a half-demolished building as its front,

  • a very difficult to occupy installation piece.

  • This strongly reflects the lag between planning and architecture.

  • Seeing this example makes me feel that

  • our inability to apply for a permit even after 6 years is really nothing,

  • it really is so totally common.

  • But then again, government planning doesn't always result in great spaces.

  • Weve worked on this very peculiar planning project once.

  • The client’s brief for the project,

  • is a proposal for negotiating allowable floor area with the planning department.

  • Existing on site is their most profitable gas station.

  • They are also Christians, who hope to build a church to give back to their ministry.

  • And of course they also want the usual residential, hotel, office and shopping mall too.

  • whatever you can think of, they want.

  • On top of all that, they also want a “transportation depot”.

  • Why a depot? Because a depot will ensure the largest gains in allowablefloor area.

  • So we were commissioned to create a design as such.

  • Gas stations, churches and multiple dwelling, these programs don’t work together,

  • they are antagonistic to each other.

  • So we came up with the idea,

  • that references the all-you-can-eat roast meat

  • shish-kabobs ubiquitous in night markets.

  • with each program land use tightlyskeweredtogether

  • on a small site,

  • forming this seemingly normal final massing.

  • This was our way to sort out such a crazy program mix.

  • Take a look at this building’s illegal extensions, which is so very systematic,

  • strata council may have gotten one contractor

  • to do a unified illegal build.

  • We recently got a retrofit project in Ximenting.

  • I almost fainted when I saw the project site.

  • How could this possibly bebeautified”?

  • We thought perhaps the spirit of systematic illegal extensions can be adapted,

  • but in a way that would also expose the existing conditions, like this peeling red wall.

  • We want to express the old traces through the new facade design,

  • each trace one on top of the other, hence the project nameLayers”..

  • Underneath the new layer of open lattice expanded aluminium,

  • the weathered facade can also be seen.

  • The old and new layers stack like book spines,

  • these semi transparent layers are then illuminated at night,

  • like layers upon layers of peeling paint one find in old buildings.

  • This kind of layering phenomena can be seen

  • throughout Ximenting,

  • On this building, we see real space,

  • screen space and ad space,

  • completely obscuring an entire building;

  • like this cram school, which becomes a sort of grey architecture.

  • Here the architecture has lost its form, eaten up by its own statements.

  • One of my favorites:

  • This is by a certain famous spokesperson debating with another

  • by making use of an entire building facade as a canvas for his arguments.

  • Perhaps most of you think this is quite ugly,

  • but I love Urbanmatic.

  • It is such a unique energy.

  • Ximenting is a very special place

  • congested with cars, signage and people.

  • When we started to design a hotel here,

  • I really wanted to take this intense energy flow, urban flow,

  • and transform that into an urban landscape of symbols.

  • we looked at energy flow diagrams.

  • We wanted a very natural flow, and didn't want to represent movement manually.

  • so we used parametric computations on a simple triangle.

  • By shifting the position of the apexes,

  • we got 55 units of movement,

  • applied as urban landscape on an entire building.

  • During design, the room layout plans were constantly adjusted.

  • Manually readjusting the arrows to fit these changes would be utterly unbearable,

  • so we’d regenerate a new facade design after every adjustment.

  • A software application offlowoutput as instant construction drawings

  • was quite a fun way to work.

  • The flow idea also extends to our lighting design, of swaying fiber optics fringes.

  • Speaking of fringes, this is also one of my favorites.

  • I’m sure youve all seen these parking cities.

  • What’s cool is that they are cities of fringes.

  • These fringes are really everywhere, at gas stations and parking lots.

  • I think it’s so amazing

  • that they can create unified spaces on such a large scale.

  • When we designed a weekend house in Taitung,

  • we referenced this approach.

  • Taitung enjoys incredibly mild weather when there’s no typhoon,

  • so we created an outdoor living that is sheltered from the sun by these fringes,

  • with the rooms as individual, free standingboxes”.

  • These 4 boxes hold the kitchen,

  • living room, bedroom and bathroom,

  • and enclosed by 2 skin layers, like a beetle.

  • A hard shell protects the house from the typhoon gusts,

  • A soft shell protects against the sun and insects.

  • This soft shell is made of insect netting and fringes.

  • A simple concept organization:

  • 4 living boxes organically placed in the landscape,

  • enclosed by a metal frame with 2 skins.

  • In this house, all the living happens semi outdoors,

  • inspired by our own Taitung experience of eating and napping outdoor throughout the day;

  • a very special lifestyle.

  • On top of the living boxes, maybe you can even get a tan.

  • Weve customised and tested these fringes,

  • now flame retardant and and of unique dimensions.

  • The house of hard-soft shell design also glows at night.

  • Back to Taipei, to the historical railway platform right behind where were sitting here tonight.

  • It used to be the busiest rail depot of Taipei,

  • all freight trains converged onto this very platform.

  • I love this site,

  • as it offers a rare chance to see the real skyline of Taipei.

  • By skyline, I don’t mean the luxury-towers-rising-above-central-park type of skyline,

  • rather, it’s the bare naked urban skyline of a developing and changing city.

  • you can see all the colorful roof extensions

  • in green, red and yellow.

  • We expressed this sense of locality into the paving design,

  • and on the platform, conceived a “skyline structure

  • that is inspired by this urban fabric.

  • Our structure spans a large 25m, a super skyline design.

  • The structural module then repeats horizontally to create a multipurpose arts space,

  • it straddles the historical platform on old train wheels,

  • and glides on repurposed tracks,

  • and can telescope from a 10m mass to a 75m path,

  • The resultant form evokes a city on the move,

  • calling to mind the silhouettes of organic asian urban systems.

  • >From my own experience,

  • a truly creative city

  • is not about copying the success of others,

  • It is much more important to recognise our own strangeness,

  • then we can find opportunities for transformation.

  • I encourage you to embrace your strangeness,

  • for when you embrace your own strangeness, you will find beauty within.

  • Subtitles by the Amara.org community

The picture above is my home town,

字幕と単語

B1 中級

【TEDx】Grace Cheung at TEDxTaipei

  • 2749 65
    李柏勳   に公開 2017 年 07 月 29 日
動画の中の単語