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  • How to become the British Monarch:

  • Historically, the crown sat upon your head mostly because you had the biggest army. When

  • you died usually your eldest son kept control over that army and so the crown relocated

  • to his head, though, of course, someone with a bigger army could change the political landscape

  • quite abruptly.

  • As time marched on and the world grew less violent eventually in 1701 Parliament established

  • a set of rules to transfer the crown from one head to another -- hopefully with less

  • turmoil than before.

  • So here's how the 1701 rules work:

  • Frist: don't be Catholic.

  • The British Monarch is also the head of the Church of England to which the monarch much

  • convert if not already a member. Except that if you're Catholic, no crown for you.

  • The history of the royal family and how this rule came to be is a story for another time,

  • but suffice it to say that bigger-army diplomacy was involved.

  • And, BTW, no you can't cleverly get around this rule by converting from Catholicism to

  • something else then to Church of England. In the eyes of the crown, Catholicism is transitive.

  • Second: don't be a bastard.

  • Sometimes it's good to be the king, but it's never good to be the illegitimate children

  • of the king -- who are out of line for the crown literally from the moment of their conception.

  • If you're related to the monarch but are either a Catholic or a bastard or both, the crown

  • has the delightful term 'Naturally Dead' to refer to you and your lack of right to succession.

  • Third spouses don't count.

  • While people often think of kings and queens as a pair: that's not the way it works here.

  • Spouses of Monarchs are known as Royal Consorts. They may be called 'prince' or 'queen' but

  • as far as the crown is concerned, they're not in line for the thrown, they're just the

  • matching 23 Chromosomes needed for the creation of the real heir.

  • Fourth and Finally: Male Primogeniture (whatever).

  • This is the algorithm of inheritance. When the Monarch dies -- or abdicates -- but usually

  • dies -- the crown goes to the eldest son who isn't 'naturally dead'. If there happens to

  • be an elder daughter tough luck to her: baby brother gets the crown.

  • It's Simple enough, but there are non-obvious cases: take a king with two sons: if the eldest

  • dies before the king does, obviously the crown goes to the youngest (now oldest) brother.

  • But what if the eldest son gave the king a grandson before death? Where does the crown

  • go then?

  • Well, the crown basically pretends that everyone -- except the naturally dead -- is alive:

  • so upon the death of the king the crown goes to his eldest son -- who is now sort of the

  • king who just really happens to be dead -- so the rule kicks in again, and the crown goes

  • to *his* son, not as seems obvious now, his brother.

  • But if this 1701 rule means that eldest sons get the crown, how did queens ever come to

  • be? Basically, daughters were the last choice of the crown, which is why there have been

  • so few.

  • To get the crown, a daughter had to be either the only child of the monarch or the eldest

  • child without competing brothers.

  • So pregnant mothers must have made any daughters with queenly aspirations quite nervous.

  • Now sometimes the branch of a family tree die out: be it from war or plague or whatever

  • so the crown's contingency plan if it's at a dead end is to back up one level, and then

  • apply the rules forward again looking for a living head to sit upon. If no luck, back

  • up again, and repeat and repeat until a living heir is found.

  • And there will always be an heir. The first king of England was over a thousand years

  • ago and the mathematics of human reproduction backed up by DNA evidence reveals that just

  • about every European alive is distantly related to him. So the crown will eventually find

  • a way.

  • So from the first king through the new millennium, the various rules when along, making monarchs,

  • though with a gender biased result, that no one seemed too bothered about until suddenly,

  • in 2013 for no particular reason at all, everyone decided that the rules needed to be updated

  • *right now*.

  • So, Parliament and the Monarchy got together and made some changes: most notably striking

  • the male part of rule #4.

  • From 2013 on the crown views all royal sons and daughters with equal favor. The only thing

  • that matters is the order of their birth.

  • So prior to 2013 the boy in a set of fraternal twins in development could sit back and relax

  • -- secure that the crown would be his no matter what happened on delivery day, but in the

  • post 2013 gender-equal world it's now a race for the door to win the crown.

How to become the British Monarch:

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イギリスの君主になるには (How to Become the British Monarch)

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    VoiceTube に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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