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  • In our YouTube video section is you press right here...this video comes up

  • explaining a little bit about the past tense in English.

  • For the beginning student, I concentrate on this area first.

  • There are basically regular verbs and irregular verbs

  • I have a list of the irregular verbs that you can simply print out.

  • These are the verbs...these are the past tense.... and with HAVE which I will explain.

  • The regular verb is simply I and a verb and you just add ED.

  • I workED. I studiED. I playED

  • Those are the regular verbs.

  • The irregular verbs have 2 forms.

  • One is this form here which is the regular past tense.

  • And for example.....DO is DID

  • I did it.

  • GO is WENT. I went. These are the irregular verbs.

  • There is also a combination with HAVE.

  • This is the Past Participle.....the verb and the Past Participle.

  • This is here.

  • So..an example as you see here is without the past participle...I saw...with the past participle....I have seen.

  • The question here goes in the front.

  • Have you seen?

  • This one simply uses DID. Did you see? I saw.

  • Let me give you a little visual of the difference.

  • This is the present tense here. This is the past tense.

  • There is a distant past... a long time ago. And a recent pass like an hour ago..two days ago.

  • I have studied....using the past participle here

  • and I went. without the past participle

  • They're very, very, very similar.They're very hard ot distinguish.

  • In the beginning, if someone ask you Have you studied?....just answer I have studied.

  • The more you practice, the more you will you will get a better feel for this.

  • Bust basically....it is the past.

  • This is with the adjective....I was.

  • However, there is also a combination of the past tense which is used a lot.....I HAVE BEEN vING.

  • The question form....goes to the front.

  • Have you been studying?....Have you been eating?

  • It just uses the regular verb here.

  • The difference in feeling is this.....

  • These 2 refer to the past or the distant past.

  • I HAVE BEEN includes up to the present.

  • So for example, Where have you been living?

  • You're still living there.

  • I have been living at home.

  • Where did you live?....I lived at home......This is the past.

  • So, in the beginning,We are just going to concentrate on these 2 forms here.

  • These other forms here which are a bit more complicated...we learn in lesson 35.

  • But in the beginning, these are the most important.

  • The only difference between I STUDIED...I HAVE STUDIED and I HAVE BEEN STUDYING

  • is that HAVE BEEN includes up through the present.

  • It is very, very simple like that.

  • With the irregular verbs which is this list of verbs,

  • In the past tense...DID YOU EAT?....I ATE.

  • HAVE YOU EATEN?.....I HAVE EATEN.

  • This...I HAD EATEN...we are going to learn in lesson 35.

  • But, in the beginning, you're just going to be concentrating on these.

  • These at the top.

  • Of course, with the adjective. there is the simple WERE YOU TIRED?...I WAS TIRED.

  • I have been tired.....

  • emphasizes both the the past up to the present.

  • You can get a copy of these printouts

  • on the video with these PDF's. Just touch them and the copies come up and you can print them if you want to reference.

  • Once again, there are a number of irregular verbs as you see here...this list.

  • In the beginning, just take a few of them and memorize them. You know...you just say DO..DID...DONE.

  • GO...WENT...GONE

  • That's how we learned them as children.

  • EAT....ATE...EATEN

  • So, this is used with the regular past tense

  • which you see here.

  • This is used with either the irregular verb or the past participle.

  • Thank you.

In our YouTube video section is you press right here...this video comes up

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A2 初級

The past tense

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    JasonLeungteacher   に公開 2017 年 07 月 13 日
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