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  • In Task 2 of the IELTS Academic Writing Test, one of the four areas on which your essay

  • is assessed is Grammatical Range and Accuracy. One important aspect of this is sentence structure.

  • It is important to use complex sentences. If your sentences are all simple, then you

  • will lose marks for grammatical range. So, let’s look at how you can include complex

  • sentences in your writing.

  • So let’s begin with a brief overview of sentence structure. A simple sentence contains

  • only one main or independent clause, for example, 'The baby cried'. A complex sentence contains

  • one main or independent clause and at least one subordinate or dependent clause. For example,

  • 'Although I was tired, I stayed up late studying.' As the name suggests, the independent clause

  • can stand on its own, while the dependent clause cannot.

  • Now, let’s take a look at how you can link your ideas to create complex sentences.

  • Look at these two simple sentences. They have a common theme. We can combine these short

  • sentences into a larger sentence in a number of ways.

  • For example, we could use a relative pronoun like 'where', 'which', or 'that'

  • to create complex sentences like these.

  • Another way to make complex sentences is to use linking words and phrases to link your

  • ideas and show the relationships between them. The kinds of relationships you can show include

  • comparison and contrast, cause and effect, additional information, and opposition.

  • This table shows some of these linking words and phrases. On the left, you can see the

  • meaning or function of these words and phrases, and on the right, you can see them used in

  • example sentences. You may find this table a useful reference when you are practising

  • Task 2 writing tasks.

  • So I hope you now have a better understanding of the importance of using complex sentences

  • in your writing. I’m sure youre ready now to do some practise to help you build

  • some more skills around linking your ideas and showing relationships between them.

In Task 2 of the IELTS Academic Writing Test, one of the four areas on which your essay

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A2 初級

書くこと。ユニット 3: 文法フォーカス。複雑な文 (Writing: Unit 3: Grammar Focus: Complex Sentences)

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    ben に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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