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  • Hi. My name is Rheedan. Welcome to Oxford Online English! Today, you can learn about

  • the most important verb in English: "to be." You'll learn how to use "be" in simple sentences

  • and questions. The verb, "be," is everywhere in English. We use it all the time, so you

  • need to know how to use "be" correctly. Do you know the sentence: "To be or not to be,

  • that is the question." It's from Shakespeare's "Hamlet." It's only 10 words long and uses

  • the word "to be" three times. So if you want to speak well, practicing the verb "to be"

  • will help your English.

  • How to use different forms of "be." "Be" has different forms. Let's look. We say, "I am.

  • You are. He/she/it is. We are. You are. They are." Do you know these forms? If not, repeat

  • them again and again until you know them perfectly. Let's do it one more time. "I am. You are.

  • He/she/it is. We are. You are. They are." What about my brother? My brother am? My brother

  • are? My brother is? Which is correct? My brother = he. My brother is. What about the cups?

  • The cups am? The cups are? The cups is? Which is correct? The cups = they. The cups are.

  • Next, let's look at how to make simple sentences with "be." How can we use "be?" There are

  • many ways. We can use "be" with a number: "I am 29 years old." "You are 190 centimeters

  • tall." "It is 5:00." We can use "be" with a noun, to say what something is: "He is a

  • doctor." "She is a student." "It is a cookbook." You can use "be" with an adjective, like hungry

  • or quiet: "We are hungry." "You are very quiet." "They are German."

  • OK, what if you want to make a negative sentence? It's easy to make negative sentences with

  • "be." Just add "not" after the verb. "I am 29 years old --> I am not 29 years old." "Sarah

  • is a student --> Sarah is not a student." "We are hungry --> We are not hungry." What

  • about, "He is a doctor."? Can you make it negative? "He is not a doctor." Easy, right?

  • Good.

  • Let's look at how to make short forms, contractions, with "be." When we speak, we often make short

  • forms, also called contractions, with "be." What am I talking about? You saw the example:

  • "I am 29 years old." We don't usually say this. We usually say, "I'm 29 years old."

  • "I'm" is a short form, or contraction. We take two words and put them together. This

  • is easier to say.

  • Let's look at some more short forms with the verb "be." "I am --> I'm." "You are --> You're."

  • "He is --> He's." "She is --> She's." "It is --> It's." "We are --> We're." "They are

  • --> They're." You can also make short forms with nouns. "Sarah is a student --> Sarah's

  • a student." "My camera is Japanese --> My camera's Japanese." What about short forms

  • with negatives? Let's look. "I am not --> I'm not." "You are not --> You aren't; You're

  • not." "He is not --> He isn't; He's not." "She is not --> She isn't; She's not." "It

  • is not --> It isn't; It's not." "We are not --> We aren't; We're not." "They are not --> They

  • aren't; They're not."

  • Let's look at some examples: "I am not 29." "I'm not 29." "He is not a doctor." "He isn't

  • a doctor," or: "He's not a doctor." OK, your turn. "It is not a cookbook." What are the

  • two short forms? "It isn't a cookbook," or: "It's not a cookbook." Let's do one more:

  • "They are not German." Can you make the short forms? "They aren't German," or: "They're

  • not German." When you speak English, remember to use short forms with "be." You'll sound

  • more natural.

  • Let's learn to do one more thing with "be." Let's see how to use "be" to make simple yes/no

  • questions. Look at the sentence: "He is a doctor." Can you make a yes/no question from

  • this sentence? "Is he a doctor?" What happened? We moved the verb "be" to the beginning. Let's

  • look at another example. "Sarah is a student." Can you make the question? "Is Sarah a student?"

  • OK, one more, a bit different: "You are Italian." Can you make the question? "Are you Italian?"

  • The same thing happens. Just move "be" to the beginning. What about, "They are German?"

  • Can you make the question? "Are they German?" Same idea again. Not too difficult, right?

  • Okay. Let's review what we've studied in this class. Can you remember what you learned in

  • this lesson? We saw how to make simple sentences with "be," how to make short forms with "be,"

  • and how to make simple questions with "be." Remember, you can watch the video again to

  • review the topic if you want to. Want more practice? Look at the full lesson on our website:

  • www.oxfordonlineenglish.com. That's the end of the lesson. Thanks very much for watching.

  • I hope you found it useful. See you next time!

Hi. My name is Rheedan. Welcome to Oxford Online English! Today, you can learn about

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A1 初級

英語での動詞「To Be」の使い方 (Using the Verb 'To Be' in English)

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    pipus に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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