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  • Under no circumstances should you stop watching this video! Only here will you get the full

  • inversion explanation 2. Are you ready? Let's invert!

  • Inversion happens in English for emphasis, dramatic purpose or formality. In order to

  • invert, the subject verb object order of a normal sentence is changed in some way. Let's

  • find out how. Go!

  • So, by now you should be familiar with the conditional forms of English. These sentences

  • usually start with if and relate to the result or possible result of a real or imagined action.

  • So, for example:

  • If you go to town, will you get me a cola? Or... If I were an animal, I would be a dog.

  • Or... If I had stayed longer, I would have learned a new language.

  • However, in second and third conditionals we can remove the if and invert the subject

  • and auxiliary verb. So:

  • Were I an animal, I would be a dog. Had I stayed longer, I would have learned

  • a new language. Got it?

  • To invert a first conditional in this way, we need to use the word 'should'. Should

  • makes a first conditional more polite and more tentative. So:

  • If you should go into town, will you get me a cola?

  • Now to invert we just remove the 'if' and invert the subject and auxiliary verb as normal.

  • So:

  • Should you go in to town, will you get me a cola?

  • It's also worth remembering that negatives in these forms are not contracted. So:

  • Should you not go into town... Were I not a human...

  • And... Had I not left so early... Got it?

  • When an adverb of place or movement is put at the beginning of a clause, then the whole

  • verb phrase, and not just the auxiliary verb, can be put before the subject. This is done

  • for dramatic effect and is usually conveyed in a written style and even more so when introducing

  • a new noun. So, for example:

  • The spy came through the window, becomes more dramatic with the inversion:

  • Through the window came the spy.

  • 300 men would stand in the pass, becomes more dramatic with the inversion:

  • In the pass would stand 300 men.

  • This style of inversion is more common in speech with words like here, and there and

  • small adverbials. For example:

  • There sat my father. On ran the racers.

  • I opened the box and out jumped a puppy!

  • But, if you use a pronoun, it's important that you put the pronoun before the verb.

  • So:

  • Not: There sat my father. But: There he sat. Not: On ran the racers. But: On they ran.

  • I opened the box and out jumped a puppy. Or: ... out it jumped. Got it?

  • So beautiful was she that I fell in love immediately

  • We can use so plus an adjective, then we invert the normal subject and auxiliary verb, and

  • finally we use 'that' to describe how strongly something's description affected us and what

  • the consequence was. So beautiful was she that I fell in love. We can do the same thing

  • with a noun using such:

  • Such a beautiful woman was she that I fell in love immediately. Got it?

  • Did you get it? Of course you got it. For more information please go to bbclearning.com.

  • I've been Dan, you've been fantastic. Let's invert. See you on the flip side, guys!

Under no circumstances should you stop watching this video! Only here will you get the full

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BBC Masterclass: Inversion 2: Reduced conditionals and more

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    pipus   に公開 2017 年 03 月 16 日
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