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  • hello and welcome back to english with Lucy

  • today I've got a grammar video for you

  • I know it's been a while since I did a grammar video

  • but a lot of you have asked for a video on modal verbs so here

  • it is today I'm going to introduce you

  • to modal verbs i'm going to tell you the

  • rules how to use them when to use them

  • do note that there are a lot of

  • different situations in which you need to use different modal verbs

  • and it would be impossible for me to go through them all

  • so this is an introduction and

  • hopefully you will leave the lesson

  • feeling a lot more comfortable when using modal verbs

  • let's get started

  • so firstly what are modal verbs well

  • they are part of a larger category called auxiliary verbs

  • and these are verbs that add meaning to another verb

  • now modal verbs are special because they follow a

  • strict set of rules and they are used in a very specific way

  • I'm going to talk about the nine modal verbs today don't

  • get them confused with the semi models

  • that only follow some of the modal verb rules

  • now if I ask you right now to tell

  • me the nine modal verbs

  • would you be able to tell me them

  • if you can that's great but for those who can't

  • I've got a really easy way of

  • remembering them we've got 3 m's 2 w's

  • two c's and two s' so when you

  • write them out in a pattern it's much

  • much easier to remember them all

  • so we've got the 3 m's we've got must

  • might and may we've then got the 2 w's will

  • and would we then got the 2 c's can and

  • could and then the two S's shall and

  • should remember will and would are

  • special in spoken and informal language

  • they can be contracted so will can turn

  • into ' Double L i will i'll and would

  • can turn into apostrophe D so we have

  • she would she'd

  • now the majority of these modal verbs express different

  • meaning depending on the context

  • so you really have to

  • understand the sentence or question as a whole

  • I'm going to help you with this today later

  • on in the video we can talk about the

  • different meanings that each modal verb

  • can express but firstly we need to go through the rules

  • what can you do with them what can't you

  • do with them without these rules you're

  • going to find it very difficult to use them

  • but the good news is that all of

  • these rules apply to the nine modal

  • verbs that we're looking at in this lesson

  • so rule number one

  • infinitives come after modal verbs but without to

  • ok so we're saying i might eat pizza

  • I can play football rule number 2

  • modal verbs take no s in the third person singular

  • she must leave or it might happen

  • rule number three modal verbs do not

  • change their form according to tense

  • so they've got no past form and they've got

  • no future form it just stays the same

  • so the easy way of remembering it is modal

  • verbs don't change they stay exactly as they are

  • so rule number four we use

  • modal verbs in negative sentences like

  • we do with other auxiliary verbs ie without the word do

  • so the way we use modal verbs in negative sentences is

  • subject modal verb not verb

  • let's look at some examples

  • you must not eat my food

  • you must not eat my food or

  • i can not speak French

  • I cannot speak French

  • so it's always in that order

  • just like we would with other auxiliary verbs

  • now remember you must learn the

  • contractions for the negatives which are

  • used quite frequently in spoken or informal language

  • might might not mightn't

  • must must not mustn't

  • may may not no contraction

  • can cannot can't could could not

  • couldn't will will not won't would

  • would not wouldn't shall shall not shan't

  • should should not shouldn't

  • ok so those were the negative contractions

  • number five

  • easy now we've looked at number four

  • with interrogative phrases modal verbs

  • are used like other auxiliary verbs

  • modal verb subject verb some examples

  • can you help me

  • can you help me will you let him

  • will you let him so those were the rules

  • now let's have a look at the individual

  • modal verbs and how and when we can use them

  • so firstly let's look at might

  • might can be used to show possibility

  • they might be eating lunch or

  • she might give us a discount then we have may

  • may can also be used to show possibility

  • the teacher may be late today

  • and it can also be used to ask for permission

  • may I leave now note that using may to ask for permission

  • can be seen as quite formal

  • then we have must must can be used to

  • show probability or to make a logical assumption

  • she must be stuck in traffic

  • must can also be used to show necessity

  • I must go home right now and it can also be used

  • to show prohibition you must not smoke here

  • then we have will will can be used

  • to indicate future time i will leave at seven o'clock

  • it can also be used to make a promise or

  • to show willingness i will give money to charity this Christmas

  • it can also be used to ask a polite question

  • will you help me with this for example

  • then we have would

  • again would can be used to ask a polite question

  • would you help me with this

  • it can also be used for invitations or

  • preferences or desires

  • i would like a cup of tea or would you prefer apples or oranges

  • then we have can can can be used

  • to show ability i can speak English

  • it can also be used to suggest a

  • possibility or give an option

  • for example you can call him tomorrow

  • it could also be used to show impossibility

  • that can't be her and it can also be used for a request

  • can you help me

  • could on the other hand can show past ability

  • i could do trigonometry five years ago

  • it can also be used to ask a polite question

  • could i call you

  • it can also be used to show possibility and impossibility

  • she could be here or she couldn't be here

  • and it can also be used to make a suggestion

  • you could try doing this

  • then we have should should is used to recommend

  • you should try this new bar

  • it can also be used to say what is correct

  • or right for example we should deal with this right now

  • it can also be used for an uncertain prediction

  • he should be home soon but i'm not sure

  • shall shall can be used to make an offer

  • shall i help you with that

  • it can also be used for confirmation

  • I shall meet you there at midnight

  • it can also be used for promises

  • you shall be the first person to know

  • ok so that was my very condensed video on modal verbs

  • so what can you do next

  • well firstly your homework is to comment below with

  • three sentences using modal verbs

  • I want one in affirmative one in the negative

  • and one in the interrogative

  • and up until midnight i will correct as many as

  • possible and then i would like you guys

  • to correct each other

  • don't forget to connect with me on all of my social media

  • remember I now upload lessons on mondays

  • wednesdays and saturdays so i will see

  • you for another lesson very very soon mwah

hello and welcome back to english with Lucy

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A2 初級

モーダル動詞|MUST CAN WOULD SHOULD MIGHT WILL COULD SHALL MAY (Modal Verbs | MUST CAN WOULD SHOULD MIGHT WILL COULD SHALL MAY)

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    Ling-tzu Chen に公開 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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